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IDP Class presentation

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  • 1. INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN CONFLICT AREAS
    Jean-Patrick PERRIN
    Milena MIKAEL-DEBASS
  • 2. I. General Facts
    a. Definitions : Difference between IDP/refugee
    IDPs are :
    “... persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border.” (UN’s Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement)
  • 3. A refugee is :
    "A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it..’’
    (UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, as amended by the 1967 protocol)
  • 4. “Excuse me, are you an IDP, a refugee or a migrant? Are you a victim of conflict or another situation of violence? Oh, you are a nomad. Are you migrating because of conflict or because it is your way of life?”
    JordiRaich, ICRC’s head of delegation in Sudan (2009)
  • 5. b. Types/causes of internal displacement
    General causes of displacement:
    • Armed conflicts/Generalized violence
    • 6. Violation of human rights
    Types of forced displacement :
    • The forced displacement and relocation of people to isolate and combat insurgency movements
    • 7. The grouping of population in peace villages to ensure their protection
    • 8. Altering demographic composition in some region
    • 9. The struggle for control of strategic territories, or resources
    • 10. Plus natural and human-made disasters
  • c. Global and regional statistics
    Source: Internal displacement monitoring centre
  • 11. IDP Service Providers
  • 12. Challenges facing IDPs
    • Propertyloss
    • 13. FamilySeparation
    • 14. Insecurity
    • 15. Risk of sexual violence
    • 16. Forcedrecruitment
    • 17. Restrictedaccess to health
    care services
  • 18. Challenges for IDP Service Providers
    Governmentcooperation 
    Access to information
     WFP survey: ¼ of people surveyed not registered
    IdentifyingIDPs
    Urbanpoor or migrant vs. IDP
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21. Challenges for IDP Service Providers
    Resettlement/reintegration
    2006: Ugandangvt. declares all IDPs free to return home
    More than 1.2 million displaced in 150 camps in Acholi sub-region
  • 22. Challenges for IDP Service Providers
    Security in camps
    ML&E capacity
    • Workshops on UN GuidingPrincipleswithspecializedgvt. Agencies
    • 23. Training large numbers of UN staff
    • 24. Implementation of follow-upactivities
  • III.  Situation Analysis: Case studies to illustrate challengesa. Short termconflict-induceddisplacement : Pakistan
    source: UNHABITAT
  • 25.
  • 26.
    • Situation of IDPs outside official camps is similarly critical
    • 27. Organisations involved in the crisis lack reliable data to estimate IDPs’ needs.
  • Organizing IDPs camps posed huge challenges
    The lack of cooperation between local administration and organisations impeded aid delivery
  • 28.
  • 29. Colombia IDP Profile
    Cause of displacement:
    FARC, Paramilitary/government violent clashes
    Forcible appropriation of land
    Statistics:
    3.6 to 5.9 million displaced
    290,000 newly displaced in 2009
    1/3 of IDP population are indigenous or Afro-Colombians
    IDP women are particularly marginalized
  • 30.
  • 31. Colombia- Challenges facing IDPs
    Housing
    HumanitarianAid
    Livelihoodsopp.
    Land rights
  • 32. Who is intervening?
    Funded by Norway, Germany, Canada and USA
    GovernmentAgencies
    Local and national NGOs
    OperationalPartners
  • 33. UNHCR Response
    Threekey objectives  : 
    Community participation and mobilization
    Data collection and sharing
    Improve the land registry system and legalframework to allow IDP to holdtitle to their land
  • 34. National Response
    IDP issue: “Unconstitutional state of affairs” in 2004
    Extensive legislation making provisions for IDPs
    Reforms for increased resources available to municipal authorities mandated to provide IDP services
    2010: New administration presents a land restitution bill to Congress
  • 35. Job opportunities
    ORGANIZATIONS
    UNHCR/UNDP/UNOCHA
    IOM
    ICRC
    ECHO
    USAID
    IRC
    AVSI
    Mercy Hands
    NorwegianRefugee Council
    SKILLS IN DEMAND
    Camp/programmanagement
    ML&E
    Interpreters/Translators
    Medical staff
    Publichealth
    Finance/accounting
    Agriculture/environmental