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Modern China
 

Modern China

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  • U.S. Secretary of Commerce Carlos Gutierrez (R) shakes hands with his Chinese Minister of Commerce Bo Xilai during a meeting in Beijing June 4, 2005.
  • An eroded portion of the Great Wall

Modern China Modern China Presentation Transcript

  • Modern China 1976 - 2007 QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • Premier Hua Guofeng • Central Committee of the Party - Hua versus the Gang of Four (led by Jiang Qing) • Gang of Four arrested. • “Two Whatevers” - policies and orders of Mao QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Deng Xiaoping • Weakens cult of Mao - “70% right, 30% wrong” • Opens China economically but not politically • Four Modernizations - agriculture, industry, science, and military • One-Child Policy • 1979 - President Carter recognizes PRC instead of ROC. • Deng Xiaoping visits USA. • Taiwan - “One Country, Two Systems” • Special Economic Zones & experimentation QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • Tiananmen Square 1989 June 4 (6/4) • Calls for reforms and freedoms grow across China. • Reformers versus Traditionalists • Death of Hu Yaobang lead to gatherings and then protests in Beijing. • University students lead public protests. • Negotiations and confrontations continue. • Pro-reform leaders lose arguments and are sacked. • Deng sends the army to clear the protests. • At least hundreds killed, thousands arrested. • Weakened China’s image abroad QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • Major Social Issues • Rapid change • Inflation • Unemployment • Internal immigration • Weak social supports • Corruption QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • 1991 - First McDonald’s QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • 1996 Third Taiwan Strait Crisis QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • 1997 Hong Kong Handover • Hong Kong reabsorbed at midnight on June 30, 1997. • Hong Kong has a much higher standard of living. • Banking center for Asia QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Jiang Zemin • Deng Xiaoping dies in 1997. • Jiang Zemin becomes China’s leader: Third Generation QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Yangzi River Floods of 1998 QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Taiwan’s Political Changes • 1998 Taiwan ends military control of the government. • Taiwan has survived and grown quickly and strong. • Wealthy and industrial • Investing in China, now openly • May be a model for China • 1999 Chen Shui-bian becomes the first democratically elected president of the Republic of China. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Falun Gong • 1999 Protests • Based on traditional spiritualism in Buddhism and Daoism • Up to 70 million members • Seen as a threat to Communist Party Power QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • Hu Jintao • Hu Jintao becomes Chairman of the CCP in 2002. • Fourth Generation QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • SARS & Avian Flu Crisis 2002 • SARS • Avian Flu • Hidden at first, then addressed massively QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • 2003 - Yang Liwei is China’s first man in space. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Three Gorges Dam QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • North Korean Nuclear Testing QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Population • 1,300,000,000 people - 1 of 5 humans alive today • In 1996, a Chinese baby is born every minute. • China wants to keep its population below 1.6 billion by 2050. • 3 of 4 Chinese works in farming. • Urban population will equal rural population in about 2025. • 108 million non-Han minorities in 55 groups QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • Tibet & the Dalai Lama QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Xinjiang Province • Muslim Uigher majority • Now allowed more religious freedom • Ties to central Asian republics • Trade and bombings increasing QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • The Economy • Trying to raise its standard of living - house, car, appliances, modern medicine, meat • 13 million more workers every year • More than 1 million migrant workers live in Beijing. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • Trade • Japan and China are each other’s largest trading partners. • China is second only to Japan for USA. • Largest producer of steel, cement, tvs, coal, fertilizer, tobacco • Nearly the highest in electricity and motor vehicles • New million person towns being built in coastal areas, especially in the south. • “Breaking the Iron Rice Bowl” • Trying to control inflation - still lots of government controls and interventions QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • Snakeheads Human Smuggling QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Drugs • World’s largest cigarette maker • Opium and heroin move from Southeast Asia into and through China • Over 200,000 registered addicts • AIDS on the rise - over 200,000 cases QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Government & Society • Rich & Poor • East & West • Urban & Rural • Communist Party divided between traditionalists and reformers. • How much openness in the economy? • How many other freedoms? • Will disagreements distract leadership from trouble around the edges? QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • The Army • China has the largest and fastest growing large army on Earth. • Major world’s arms dealer QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Law & Order • In the 1990s, more people executed in China than in all other countries combined, peaking at 1000 per month in 1996. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Education • 16% illiteracy - can’t read 500 characters, women more illiterate than men • Schooling is still traditional and formal. • Students memorize information, not trained to ask questions. • 2 of 1000 Chinese attend university. USA is 50 for 1000. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • The Media • Television - about 1 billion viewers, state control and censorship • Censorship - Great Internet Wall • Second only to USA in internet use • Serve the government • Government needs information and opinions. • Social and political controls slow new ideas. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • Religion • Control and persecution of religious groups • Catholics and other Christians • Muslims • Falun Gong QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Family • Fertility control • “Little Emperors” • 16% of five year olds are underweight. • Parents arrange 95% of marriages in rural areas, 25% in cities. • There are 110 million more young adult men than women. Whom will they marry? QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • The Environment • China has one of the world’s greatest biodiversities and biodiversity loss. • China has about 1000 nature preserves, about 10% of its total land. • World’s largest dam and reservoir - 2009 • World’s largest water diversion project - 2050 • Available farm land has fallen from 12% to 7% due to construction and land loss. • Facing extinction - giant panda, freshwater dolphin, Chinese alligator QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Mungo National Park QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • China’s Oil Claims in the South China Sea QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • Pollution • Over 12 million pounds of organic pollutants is dumped into Chinese rivers and lakes per day. • Air pollution, water pollution, erosion, desertification, salinization • Waste accumulation, little recycling, imports garbage • Urbanization • Phased out leaded gas in one year, fuel efficiency minimums • By 1997, China closed down more than 57,000 small polluters. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • Reforestation Projects QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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  • China moves into the future. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.