Definition of Terms Introduction Role of ICTs in Managing Globalization at the national and regional levels The Role of ICT in triggering Globalization Perspectives on globalization and its impact The first globalization wave triggered by industrial technologies The new wave triggered by ICT Key ICT-related factors driving globalization The role of ICT in managing globalization Advances in ICT The State of ICT in UAE Key reasons for the advancement of ICT (Kenyan Scenario) Libraries and information sector in Kenya Conclusion
Digital Divide E-Governance Global Digital Divide Globalization Information Technology Information & Communication Technology ITU KAIPPG Microscopy Spectroscopy
IT has become ubiquitous IT is reshaping the economies and societies of many countries around the world ICT = IT + telecommunication +broadcast media +audio & video processing + transmission + network based control & monitoring functions ICT was first used in 1997 in a report by Dennis Stevenson to the UK Gvt.
It is a means to communicate data and valuable information that is used in organizational processes for crucial decision making It is a basic infrastructure necessary for the economic and social development of a country but also for its scientific and technological progress is a comprehensive concept and parallel concept with IT, that denotes not only a single unit of technology but an assemble of technologies ICT covers any product that will store, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive information electronically in a digital form
Technology has held the key to political and economic power. IT is clearly visible that the Industrial age technologies has transformed the world From a social, economic and cultural perspective, rapid and dependable communication became indispensable by the rapid spread of the telegraph network in the early 1850s throughout the world within a short period of its first inaugural commercial service in England in 1839 and in the United States of America in 1844. The developed countries were among the leading developers and early users of ICT ICT also presents an opportunity for developing countries to dramatically improve their economies Today, developing countries are taking advantage of declining prices of ICT products and services
Globalization is a holistic approach to managing business around the world to obtain maximum synergy in operations the emergence of an integrated global economic and communication space Recognition and dealing with global opportunities and threats in a strategically and operationally integrated manner Globalization promotes the development of productive forces, scientific and technological progress, and economies of scope by collaboration in design and production across borders, and improves communication among peoples and countries
Globalization has greatly improved access of technological latecomers to advanced technologies globalization is vulnerable to economic and political setbacks - too many countries try to manipulate the system for their advantage the global economy may become unstable or succumb to mutual suspicion Security of data or databases
development of railways, steamships, telegraph and telephones, reduced global transportation and communication costs convergence in prices of goods produced domestically and abroad Industrial technologies created cities and countries and centralized factories and corporations World trade grew at a 50% rate per decade, international capital investments by 64% per decade
More nations are involved Deeper intensity of interaction and interdependency Many countries transformed their economies from centrally-planned to market economies after the cold war - free flow of foreign capital, goods, services, peoples and ideas and trade The world today- a seamless whole - a single market- a single ecosystem - a single community
Trigger by ICT Individuals & teams work in networksDrivers of globalization Increased the value of being connected – more benefits in being attached to a network (the wider is the usage of technology applications, Lower barriers to the higher are the gains) trade Ushered in knowledge-based economy Lower barriers to Fragmentation of production process investment Development & integration of commerce & financial services ( e.g. increased Lower transport number of buyers & sellers on the costs Internet) Lower Information Easier communication allows for Technology costs – a collaboration among individuals, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and very important corporations aspect of the E-mail and the creation of the world- advancement of ICT wide-web links and organizes digitized information which can be surfed by a mainstream browser Full potential of B2C and B2B e- commerce
Complexity and enormity of products and services Organizations moving from hierarchical to network organizational structures Integration of markets and cyberspace Open source software Transfer from the physical to the digital domain New business models Internets effect on markets and products
According to the Global InformationTechnology Report by WEF Extremely high mobile phone subscription This rate when combined with the high usage of smart phone devices represents an opportunity for the eGovernment to boost the uptake of online services by providing more public services through mobile channels Deployment of country-wide fibre network This can create an opportunity to shift to cloud computing in the public sector High adoption of online social networks eGovernment programs in the country need to have a plan on how to leverage this opportunity to enrich their engagement with the public.
Fibre Optic Technologies Internet and Television Telecommunications Networking Banking Sector Health Sector Library and Information Management Radio and TV Broadcasting Mobile Phone Industry Elections and transparency in Governments Ownership and Internet Virtualization and cloud computing
Libraries and Information Sector Controls in Telecommunication Services Eradication of poverty and economic growth Education Sector Health Sector HIV/AIDS The Judiciary
In the future the main challenge for a country like Kenya to keep abreast with the global trends in ICT, it needs to become increasingly proactive rather than reactive in the further development of information and communication technology, both in the rural and the urban population In order for Kenya to participate fully in the global ICT sector it must develop and work hard to meet world standards This will contribute to improve capacity building, growth and an improved utilization of technology in all sectors in the country.