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Chitwan overview


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  • 1. ChitwanAn overviewChitwan National ParkCommunity ForestTharu PeopleMarch 3, 2013
  • 2. Source:
  • 3. • Nepal ▫ A land linked country located at Center of South Asia ▫ Total Area: 147, 181 Sq. km. ▫ Total Population 26.3 million ▫ 2 million people are living outside nation for abroad earning. ▫ Rich in geography with minimum height 60 m to 8848 m as highest. Source CBS 2011
  • 4. Religion• Hindu 81%• Buddhist 9%• Islam 4.4 %• Kirat 3%• Christianity 1.4% Source: CBS 2011
  • 5. Major Source of Income• GDP production: US$ 17.921 Billion Contribution to GDP industry 15% agriculture 36% service s 49% Source: National Economic Survey, NRB, 2012
  • 6. Contd..• Tourism is another steady source of revenue.• 596, 569 tourists visited Nepal in 2011. [NTB 2012] and spent US$ 454 million Source: National Economic Survey, NRB 2012•
  • 7. Chitwan Source: CBS 2013
  • 8. Chitwan Chitwan has been administratively divided in to 37 village Development Committees; Total area 2218 sq km Total population: 579, 984 [Source: CBS, 2011] Nepal has been administratively divided into ▫ 5 Development Regions ▫ 14 zones ▫ 75 districts and ▫ 3994 VDCs ▫ VDC is the smallest administrative body to look after all administrative and development activities [Gurung 2007]
  • 9. Chitwan• Chitwan, prior to 1951, was dense forest and was inhabited by only Tharu people. People from the mountain used to worry and scare to go to Chitwan due to Malaria. [BISEP-ST, WWF, 2005]• Only Tharu people, who were inhabited in the region were resistant to Malaria. There were only Tharus in the region populating some 10,000.• After Malaria eradication in 1951 [with the help of US government] the population boomed up as many hill migrants started coming and settling down in Chitwan. [Then HMG Nepal Gazette 2043 B.S./~ 1986 AD]
  • 10. Geography ofNepal Source: NEA, 2009
  • 11. Source: CBS 2001, cited by Niroula D
  • 12. Population and DemographyVDC Number of Total Male Female HH PopulationBachhauli 1882 10509 5334 5175Amarapuri 1731 9789 5052 CBS 2011 Source: 4737
  • 13. Demographic Composition of BachhauliVDC Magar 4% Tamang Brahmin 5% 23% Tharu 27% Chettri 9% CBS 2011, cited by Guragain 2012
  • 14. Demographic Composition ofAmarapuri VDC Others Demographic Composition of Amarapuri VDC 8% Dalits 15% Brahmin 33% Janjati 26% Chettri 18% CBS 2011, cited by Guragain 2012
  • 15. Typical Tharu Style of Living
  • 16. Tharu Women in Traditional Costume
  • 17. Tharu People
  • 18. Bachhauli: Agriculture as Occupation CBS 2011, Cited by Niroula D, 2012
  • 19. Monthly Household income Distribution CBS 2011, Cited by Niroula D, 2012
  • 20. Protected areas of Nepal
  • 21. Major features of Chitwan andBachhauli • 19.6 % of the total land area of Nepal [28,847 sq. km.] has been covered by 19 protected areas [National Park, Conservation Area, Hunting Reserve and Wildlife Reserve] • Chitwan National Park: ▫ 932 sq km ▫ Major Fauna  Bengal Tiger  Rhinoceros unicornis  Asian Elephant  Python  Deer [Spotted, Barking Hog, Samber] DNPWC, CNP Profile, 2009
  • 22. Population and Demography ofChitwan National Park• The place was dense forest and fully inhabited by wild animals• In 1951, after malaria eradication, the people from the hills started migrated to Tarai [Sothern Plain] and Chitwan became the famous destination due to highly fertile land and other natural resources. [Winrock 2009]
  • 23. Chitwan National Park• Due to excess growth in population, the forest areas started being cleared and deforestation became massive.• DFRS, 1991 data depicts that, from 1961-1971 more than half of the forest were cleared by the immigrants. [Hill I., 2001]
  • 24. Chitwan National Park• In 1971, Lt. King Mahendra declared the area as National Park [Initially known as Mriga kunja: Mriga: Deer; Kunja: Park]• In 1973, it was gazetted as Royal Chitwan National Park• In 2006, after abolishment of Monarchy and establishment of republic, area started being known as Chitwan National Park
  • 25. Chitwan National Park Ujjwal Upadhyay
  • 26. Deers and Elephants
  • 27. Tourism• The main objective of declaring the forest of Chitwan as Chitwan National Park is to conserve the forest and its species. [DNPWC 2003]• After formulation of Integrated Conservation and Development Project [ICDP] the new concept came out that strongly favored the idea of gaining economic benefits, developing the local area/ community together with conservation. [WWF, 1999]
  • 28. Continued….• Eco-tourism thus became really famous in the area to gain economic benefits from tourism (both domestic and international). [Guragain 2012]• In Sauraha alone, there are around 60 hotels and resorts that can cater the need so the people who are here for the touring purpose. [HAAN 2010]• Chitwan National Park is second largest protected area in terms of number of tourist visit and thus has contributed greatly to the National Income and local development. [NTB 2011]
  • 29. Community Forest• The forest, that is Managed, Governed and Utilized by the local community. ▫ In the form of wood; ▫ Timber; ▫ Non timber forest product; ▫ Medicinal forests etc.
  • 30. Community Forest• Chitwan and Bachhauli ▫ Both known for its highly successful community forests e.g.  Baghmara Community Forest  Kumroj Community Forest  Milijuli Community Forest  Chitrasen Community Forest  Jankauli Community Forest etc.
  • 31. Community Forest Community forests in the area has been able to earn handsome revenue [upto NPR 30 million by Baghmara Community Forest alone in the Year 2011] Such money is used for local and community development like: • Roads; • Irrigation canal • Schools • Health posts • Drinking water
  • 32. About Chitwan/ Bachhauli• Strength ▫ Ecological hotspot ▫ Potential ecotourism site ▫ World heritage site ▫ Nice, friendly and cooperative people ▫ People’s level of awareness regarding environment and local resources
  • 33. About Chitwan/Bachhauli• Weaknesses: ▫ Inadequate logistics to provide world class service to the tourists ▫ Lack of adequate technologies to perform timely research on biodiversity. ▫ Unhealthy competition between hotels and restaurants. ▫ Wildlife poaching, smuggling ▫ Pollution, waste problem, foreign influence on local culture
  • 34. Thank You