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Poetry, Autobiography, and Holy Book

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A brief introduction to Poetry, Auto/biography and Holy Book (The Bible)

A brief introduction to Poetry, Auto/biography and Holy Book (The Bible)

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  • 1. Miftahush Shalihah 136332046
  • 2. Definition: categories used to group different types of literary work (like nonfiction, fiction and poetry).
  • 3. Fiction Non-Fiction a made up story has facts that can be can tell about things checked and proven the author is an expert on this information it IS TRUE! that could happen is read for fun characters may be like real people or imaginary
  • 4. Fiction Drama Realistic Fiction Historical Fiction Nonfiction Folklore Comedy Tragedy Informational Writing Persuasive Writing Poetry Fairy Tale Legend Tall Tale Science Fiction Biography Fantasy Autobiography Myth Fable
  • 5. “Poetry is not a turning loose of emotion, but an escape from emotion; it is not the expression of personality, but an escape from personality. But, of course, only those who have personality and emotions know what it means to want to escape from these things.” - T. S. Eliot
  • 6. Poem and poetry are derived from the Greek poiein, “to create or make,” a structure that is created from the human imagination and that is expressed rhythmically in words. The word poet originally referred to the writer of any kind of literature, although it now means someone who writes poetry (642).
  • 7. History of English Poetry • Earliest poems in English date to the Old English period (450-1100 CE) • Many reflected the influence of Christianity • From the Middle Ages (1100-1500) poets wrote about many subjects, including religious themes
  • 8. Rhyme – refers to the rhythmic pattern produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables. (iamb, trochee, anapest, dactyl, spondee) Meter – refers to the number of syllables per line (monometer: one foot, dimeter: two feet, trimeter: three feet, tetrameter: four feet, pentameter: five feet, hexameter: six feet, heptameter: seven feet.)
  • 9. Figures of Speech – refers to the figurative language used. (simile, metaphor, personification, etc.) Stanzas – refers to the number of lines in a poem. Todays Poetry - making poetry colorful, expressive, vivid, dramatic, musical, and grandiose - violating rules of grammar and sentence arrangement. - to make yourself unfamiliar to the conventions of writing.
  • 10. Word-play can occur at all levels of LANGUAGE: sound, visual presentation, word, grammatical structure, genre and context. It also occurs in all areas of discourse: the media, education, law, medicine, the family, etc. Sound-play (using *phonology) arises whenever the sounds of the language become a source of pleasure in themselves, usually through repetition with variation. Visual play uses the letters, shapes, spaces and colors on the page or screen to form patterns in their own right/write. Lexical (‘word’) play arises where single words or lexical items are swapped around and even chopped up so as to remind us that they are both perpetually mobile and infinitely divisible.
  • 11. A biography is a true story about a person’s life or parts of his/her life Written in 3rd person point of view (he or she) Walsh Publishing Co. 2009
  • 12. Autobiographie s are books that people write about their own life. Written in 1st person point of view (I, me, my) Walsh Publishing Co. 2009
  • 13. We begin here at a unique literary form -- the most personal branch of literature– autobiography offers its close readers a complex set of interpretive problems written in the first person singular “I”, who is both subject and object of the narrative.  Autobiography articulates itself in a variety of forms , not only in diaries, testimonies, journals, letters, and memoirs but also in poetry, painting, film, and more recently in the personal webpage, chat rooms and emails.
  • 14. Autobiography is a biography written by the subject about himself or herself. It is to be distinguished from the memoir, in which the emphasis is not on the author’s developing self but on the people and events that the author has known or witnessed, and also from the private diary or journal, which is a day-to-day record of the events in one’s life, written for personal use and satisfaction, with little or no thought of publication.
  • 15. The first fully developed autobiography is also the most influential: the Confessions of St. Augustine, written in the fourth century. The design of this profound and subtle spiritual autobiography centers on what became the crucial experience in Christian autobiography: the author’s anguished mental crisis, and a recovery and conversion in which he discovers his Christian identity and religious vocation.
  • 16. In recent years, the distinction between autobiography and fiction has become more and more blurred, as authors include themselves under their own names in novels, or write autobiographies in the asserted mode of fiction.
  • 17.  The word Bible comes from “Biblia” meaning “books” . the Greek word  The Greek word Biblia itself is derived from Biblion, meaning paper, book or scroll and was a diminutive of the word Byblos or papyrus.  Hence, Byblos is the root word for Biblia. The name comes from the Phoenician port Byblos from whence Egyptian papyrus was exported to Greece.  The phrase “Ta Biblia”, “The books” was used by Hellenistic Jews to referred to their sacred books, the Septuagint, in particular. This was the Greek version of the Hebrew scriptures.  The Christian Scriptures was referred to in Greek as Ta Biblia as early as 223 A.D. The Word Bible itself is not found in any book of the Bible.
  • 18.  The Bible is divided in two sections:  A. Old Testament or O.T.  B. New Testament or N.T.  The word Testament means “Covenant” or “Contract” and is derived from the Hebrew word “Berit”.  The Old Testament or Hebrew scriptures comprises stories about an ancient covenant between Yahweh and the Hebrews, as revealed to Moses. It also tells how this covenant worked out.  The New Testament includes stories and teachings about a new covenant between God and humanity based on the life of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
  • 19.  The Roman Catholic Canon based on the Septuagint has 73 books divided this way: Old Testament: 46 books New Testament: 27 books.  The Protestant Canon based on the Palestinian Canon has 66 books divided this way: Old Testament: 39 New Testament: 27
  • 20.  Catholic Bibles Torah or Pentateuch Historical Books Wisdom Books The Prophets Deutero-canonical books.* * This section occurs only when they are not intercalated with the rest of the Old Testament books, and are grouped together as a separate section.  Hebrew Bibles  The Law (Torah)  The Prophets (Nebhim)  The Writings (Kethubhim)* *In the Hebrew Canon the Historical books are part of the Prophets and Wisdom books are part of the writings.
  • 21. Books of The Old Testament -Catholic Canon Pentateuch 1. Genesis 2. Exodus 3. Leviticus 4. Numbers 5.Deuteronomy Historical Books Wisdom Books 1. Joshua 2. Judges 3. Ruth 4. I Samuel 5. II Samuel 6. I Kings 7. II Kings 8. I Chronicles 9. II Chronicles 10. Ezra 11. Nehemiah 12. Esther 1. Job 2. Psalms 3. Proverbs 4. Ecclesiastes 5. Song of Songs Deuterocanonical 1. Tobit 2. Judith 3. Wisdom 4. Eclessiasticus or Sirach 5. Baruch 6. 1 Maccabees 7. 2 Maccabees Also fragments of Esther and Daniel found in the Greek Version.. . Prophets 1. Isaiah 2. Jeremiah 3.Lamentations 4. Ezekiel 5. Daniel 6. Hosea 7. Joel 8. Amos 9. Obadiah 10. Jonah 11. Micah 12. Nahum 13. Habakkuk 14. Zephaniah 15. Haggai 16. Zechariah 17. Malachi
  • 22. Books of the Old Testament – Palestinian Canon
  • 23.  The Old Testament like the rest of the Bible is a document of faith. Its purpose is to elicit faith in those who ponder upon its divine content. The O.T. is not meant to be read as document of science, archeology, astronomy or history.  The Term Old Testament does not mean outdated. The message of the Hebrew Scriptures remains as new as ever. God’ faithfulness, love, redemptive work, covenant, are themes that never go out style in God’s language.  When reading the O.T. one must take into consideration the time, culture, language in which it was written. One cannot apply to the O.T. the assumptions and presuppositions of our modern era.  The Old Testament is a sacred document of great importance in our Catholic liturgy, one must approach the text of the O.T. with a prayerful attitude of reverence and awe, for it is the word of God.
  • 24.  St. Jerome once said, “Ignorance of the Scriptures is ignorance of Christ.” St. Jerome was a biblical scholar, Doctor, mystic and Father of the Church. His given name was Eusebius Hieronymous Sophronius. He was born in the year 342 at Stridonius.  St. Jerome was commissioned by Pope Damasus in the year 382 to translate the Bible from the original Hebrew, in order to create an official Latin text for the liturgy. The Pope’s desire was to create a superior translation of the Bible than the ones circulating at the time. Many of the Bibles at that time were written in Greek and were full of errors due to poor translation.  In order to accomplish this great task St. Jerome took upon himself to study many of the ancient languages in which the Bible was written such as: Hebrew, Aramaic, Chaldaic among others. Jerome spent years as a hermit working diligently of his translation. St. Jerome’s final work was the Latin version of the Scriptures known as the Vulgate, this translation of the Bible became the official Latin text of the Scriptures for the Catholic Church.  St. Jerome settled in Bethlehem where he lived as an anchorite in a cave that was believed to have been the birthplace of Christ. St. Jerome died in Bethlehem in the year 420. Holy Mother Church celebrates his feast on September 30, the actual date on his death.
  • 25.  The New Testament or Christian Scriptures are the inspired testimony about Jesus Christ the Son of God and the New Covenant (relationship) he came to establish between humanity and God. Luke 22:20  The New Testament is centered in the Person of Jesus of Nazareth, his life, death, resurrection also known as Paschal Mystery.  The New Testament present to us Jesus’ ministry and teachings, and the Church’s post-resurrection understanding (theology) of who Jesus really was.  The New Testament is for Christians the living word of God as fully revealed in the person of Christ and his preaching about the Kingdom of God.
  • 26. The New Testament is divided in four main sections: A. Gospels B. Acts C. Letter or Epistles A. Apocalyptic Pauline Letters Hebrews Catholic Epistles
  • 27. Gospel Date Author Audience Matthew 75- 90 A.D Unknown, maybe a Jewish Disciple of Matthew Presents Jesus as the Mark 65-75 A.D Mark Fulfillment of the messianic prophecies and as a great teacher Gentiles (according to Papias bishop of Hierapolis 130 A.D) Presents Jesus as Messiah and Son of God Luke 80-95 A.D According to Tradition Greek and Roman readers. Luke, the physician companion of St. Paul Presents Jesus as a universal savior John 90 A.D Unknown, according to Clement of Alexandria the Gospel was written by John the beloved disciple Written for the instruction of the early Christian Church. Presents Jesus as the eternal word of God who became flesh.
  • 28.  The Gospels are four intimate portraits of the person of Jesus, as he was understood, interpreted, venerated, and remembered by the Christian communities that were touched by the experience of his paschal mystery: life, death, and resurrection.  These sacred accounts of Jesus’ life and ministry are not biographical accounts of Jesus in the modern sense of the word. They are first and foremost theological documents of the Church’s faith, a deep faith in Jesus as savior of the world and his message about the Kingdom of God that he inaugurates among men  The Gospels are the soul of the New Testament, they are the primary source for the words, sayings, teachings, sermons, parables, deeds, actions, miracles, preaching in the life of Jesus and his ministry among the men and women of his time.  The Good News of Jesus Christ attested by the Gospels, through the centuries, continue to transform and to enrich the lives of those who come in contact with the living Son of God through the Gospel and its message of salvation. The life of the Church today also continues to be nourished in its liturgy, sacramentality, and mission by the richness and power of the Good News.

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