Volume 1, Issue 1 September/October
Young Mums and Maori
Teenage pregnancy: An overview
New Zealand continues children born to teenage
Special points of to have one of the high- mothers have been found tors, personal adjust-
interest: est to have higher rates of ment, educational
An Overview teenage pregnancy rates health problems, physical opportunities, cultural
in the developed world, injury, behavioural identification, and family
culturally appropri- being second only to the difficulties, cognitive experiences contribute to
ate United States when problems, and educa- their risk of an early
Joan Donley Re-
compared with similar tional under- pregnancy.
search Forum OECD countries. achievement. In a cohort
For young women, there study of teenage preg- Reference
is an increased risk of nancy in Christchurch Woodward, L.J, Hor-
Blended format for antenatal complications rates of early pregnancy
wood, L.J & Fergusson,
and mortality, failure to were elevated D.M. (2001) Teenage
complete schooling, amongst young women Pregnancy: Cause for
socio-economic disad- who identified them- concern. New Zealand
vantage, welfare depend- selves as Maori. Medical Journal.114
ence, marital difficulties, Teenage (1135): 301-303
maternal depression, and pregnancy is a highly
less competent parenting. dependant on several fac-
Making Classes culturally appropriate
Making classes culturally ap- birth educator. thought to be kinder to the
propriate often means investi- baby‟s skin and aids in pre-
gating some traditional prac- Making muka strands from venting infection.
tices. inside flax which will be used
to tie off the umbilical
Discussing the birthing of the Cord is another idea from
placenta whilst making a clay classes which are held in
pot is an idea I was given by Auckland. In Maori tradition
another midwife and Child- this natural technique is
Young Mums and Maori Antenatal Classes
News from the Joan Donley Research Forum
I was delighted to hear one
comment from one of the pre-
senters at the forum.
Emma Farmer in her research
into the question, “Do ecbolics
influence exclusive breastfeed-
ing rates at two weeks postpar-
tum”, found that teenagers were
achieving the highest breast-
This has to mean that the mes-
sage and support given to this
vulnerable group has to be
One of the problems most of us I was surprised when a local town
face as educators is one of apa- café was named by one young
thy amongst this group of mum as the place that they all
women about attending classes. hang out and socialize at.
“Where to hold the I have recently put a call out to Now it comes down to how to
classes” the local PHO for help to find a plan the sessions and how to
n appropriate venue. make the service more noticeable
in the community.
I want to hold more weekly
drop in sessions. Short and
sweet sessions packed full of
Blended format for classes
ing of information as the infor- the DVD information, watch it
I have been in the process of mation often picked up by in the privacy of their own
developing a creative blended young pregnant mums is done homes, discuss it amongst
format to the antenatal classes on relatives computers. This themselves and come back with
which includes using such tools means that the information has questions. It is easy to forget
as making DVD‟s, YouTube more of a reach amongst the that as a young person you
videos, text messaging, Email whanau on the other side of the dislike being thrown into a
along with more traditional screen. group setting and being asked
methods of class get together. questions in front of others.
There is often the ability to
I have enjoyed the email shar- allow participants to take away
Volume 1, Issue 1
Many youngsters now use text They have won awards for this
messaging as their main means service, which include an All
of communicating. Parliamentary Award and has
been highly commended by the
I would like to develop a text
Royal College of Midwives.
messaging service which sends
out regular educational text
messages to them
This has worked well in Bir-
mingham where the texting
service reminds the young
women about the classes and
also sends out pregnancy infor-
mation sound bites.
Maori women continue to smoke during pregnancy
that even though
The rates of Maori
rates were coming
women who smoke
down 50% of Maori
in pregnancy must
women continued to
come down. This is
smoke during preg-
“50% of Maori
the message that is women continue to
from Irene Walker, smoke during
As childbirth educa-
Auahi Kore Manager pregnancy”
tors we are uniquely
for Te Hotu Manawa
positioned to rein-
Māori, Speaking at a
force the message in
Public Health Asso-
support of the
ciation conference in
2008 she explained
Why bother with young mums classes?
Studies that do look specifi- classes where they felt they Reference:
cally at teenage antenatal would receive less scrutiny Croydon Primary Care Trust
classes contain useful learn- from older pregnant women (2006) Qualitative Evalua-
ing regarding appropriate (Rozette et al). One study tion Study of Teenage Ante-
style and content of those also demonstrated an in- natal Classes and an evalua-
classes. While mothers in creased tion Review of Teenage
one study did not feel their attendance rate (Mollart Parent Support Groups pro-
needs were any different to 1995). vided in Croydon.
older mums, they did appre- Caption describing
ciate special antenatal picture or graphic.
Young Mums and Maori Antenatal Classes Nelson/Marlborough DHB
I currently hold a contract with Nelson/Marlborough DHB to provide ante-
20 Isobel Place natal classes for Young Mums and Maori.
Blenheim I endeavor to do this in a creative and engaging way.
Phone: 0275005111 If you don’t use it we’ll lose it!
E-mail: email@example.com I depend on you for referrals see the book behind the desk on ward one.
Because our future depends on
Society‟s attitude towards the pregnant teen- To contribute to this newsletter email
ager can leave them with feelings of cultural me firstname.lastname@example.org
disapproval and some government initiatives
put them alongside drug abuse and crime as
issues to be tackled.
They often face attitudes of disapproval and
deviations from the norm as becoming preg-
nant when young is seen as being a „bad‟
thing (Baker 1999).
As childbirth educators we are uniquely
positioned to inform, educate and provide a
specialist service to a vulnerable section of