Myths and Facts about the Middle East conflict

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Myths and Facts about the Middle East conflict …

Myths and Facts about the Middle East conflict
By Ben-Dror Yemini

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  • 1. Myths and Facts about the Middle East conflict Ben-Dror YeminiIsrael is described as the great menace to the world peace. One must ask why.This presentation is divided to 3 parts:1. What do public figures say about Israel.2. What do public opinion polls reveal about Israel.3. What are the facts about Israel.We could present plenty of negative views against Israel, mainly by academics fromJews and non-Jews, though here we present them in a nutshell.When I say expressions against Israel, I don’t mean any legitimate criticism againstIsrael, the occupation, and so on. I mean only somethingirrational, exaggerated, that demonstrates a kind of obsession against Jews andIsrael, together and separately. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 2. Ottoman Empire Territorial Division James Parkes, Whose Land? A History of the Peoples of Palestine
  • 3. Historical Palestine
  • 4. The Partition Plan (1947) – The Green Line (1948-1967)
  • 5. Arab Countries versus Israel
  • 6. Israel versus the Arab & Muslim world
  • 7. Yitzhak Laor, an Israeli poet, and a regularcontributor to HaaretzLondon Review of Books”, 9.5.2002 : Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 8. The World Bank: infant mortality, West Bank & Gaza Strip Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 9. Jose Saramago, the Portuguese Nobel Prize-winningwriter (12.4.02): Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 10. Jostein Gaarder (author of "Sophies World“) (5.9.06): Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 11. QUOTES Clare Short, former minister in Blair government, the British Labor party (13.9.07): “The oppression of the Palestinian people is the major cause of violence in the world” As part of her obsession, Ms. Short charged: "Israel undermines the international communitys reaction to global warming" Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 12. Arun Ghandi, grandson of India’s legendary leader“Mahatma” Gandhi (7.1.08): “We have created a culture of violence (Israel and the Jews are the biggest players) and that Culture of Violence is eventually going to destroy humanity” Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 13. Gideon Levy, a leading Israeli Journalist (Haaretz): “They shoot at the Palestinians, Straight at the head, on a daily basis” ”THE INDEPENDENT”, 24.9.2010 Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 14. Turkeys Prime Minister Recep TayyipErdogan (11.1.10): “Israel threatening global peace” Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 15. ISRAEL’S IMAGE IN WORLD MEDIA• ." Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 16. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 17. Germany • A 2004 comprehensive poll, German University 70 of Bielefeld reveals: 60 • More than 50% equating Israels 50 Extermination policies toward the 40 Palestinians with Nazi Nazis treatment of the Jews 30 • 68% specifically believe 20 that Israel is waging a 10 "war of extermination" against the Palestinian 0 People. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 18. Italy • The Italian daily Il Corriere della Sera conducted a survey to 90 ascertain anti-Semitic attitudes and 40 80 public opinion on the Israeli conflict. 70 35 60 30 • Close to 40% agreed with the 50 Extermination statement that: 25 ‫מזרח‬ 40 ‫מערב‬ • “The Israeli government is Nazis 20 perpetrating a full-fledged 30 ‫צפון‬ genocide and is acting with 15 20 the Palestinians the way the 10 Nazis did with the Jews." 0 5 ‫רבעון‬ ‫רבעון‬ 0 ‫ראשון‬ ‫שלישי‬ Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 19. Norway• The Center for Studies of the Holocaust and Religious Minorities. 90• Data were collected in November 2011 40 80 by TNS Gallup 70 35• “38% believe that 60 30 50 Israel’s treatment of 25 40 ‫מזרח‬ ‫מערב‬ 20 the Palestinians is Nazis 30 ‫צפון‬ 15 20 similar to Nazi 10 treatment of the Jews 0 5 ‫רבעון‬ ‫רבעון‬ during World War II" 0 ‫ראשון‬ ‫שלישי‬ Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 20. The BBC poll: A majority of people believe that Israel has the most negative influence in the world. BBC, 2008 Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 21. The 2012 BBC poll: BBC, 2012 Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 22. The real Genocide • Thousands of publications include the words “genocide” and/or “ethnic cleansing”, while describing Israel. Much fewer publications deal with the internal, continuing and much bigger genocide, which is taking place in the Arab and or the Muslim world. • While Intellectuals, journalists, academics, put all the blame on Israel, Muslims and Arabs kill mainly, and almost only, their fellow Muslims and Arabs. The numbers are astonishing. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 23. The real Genocide • In order to defy the argument, or the quite common assertion, that Israel is the main cause of violence in the Middle-East, we will present here the death toll, among Arabs and Muslims, only since the foundation of Israel. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 24. WORLD FATALITIESChina (1949-1975) 40,000,000Korean War (1950-53) 3,000,000Rwanda and Burundi (1959-95) 1,350,000Second Indochina War (1960-75) 4,200,000Congo (1998 et seq.) 3,800,000Ethiopia (1962-92) 2,000,000Cambodia, Khmer Rouge (1975-1978) 1,650,000Nigeria (1966-70) 1,000,000………………Total After the Second War World 86,000,000
  • 25. MUSLIM & ARAB WORLD FATALITIESAlgeria (1954-1962) 400,000-1,000,000Yemen Civil War (1962-1975) 100,000-150,000Bangladesh (1971) 1,400,000-3,000,000Chechnya Wars (1995, 1999) 80,000-130,000Sudan Genocide (Nuba 1983-2003) 1,900,000Algeria Civil War 100,000-200,000Iraq-Iran War (1980-1989) 900,000-1,400,000Somalia Civil war (since 1977) 400,000Lebanon Civil War (1975-1990) 130,000Afghanistan Wars (1979-2001) 2,500,000Darfur Genocide (2003-2008) 200,000-400,000Total 12,000,000
  • 26. DEATH TOLL (MUSLIMS & ARABS) 2,600,000 Sudan 2,500,000 Afghanistan 1,540,000 Iraq 1,400,000 Bangladesh 600,000 Algeria 500,000 Indonesia 450,000 Iran 400,000 Somalia 130,000 Lebanon 100,000 Yemen 80,000 Chechnia 60,000 Israel 7,400 Israel occupation Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 27. PROPORTION The no. of Palestinians who were killed during more than 40 years of occupation is:• Less than the no. of Palestinians killed by King Hussein of Jordan in the “Black September”, 1970 – 10,000-25,000.• Less than 25,000, the death toll in the 1982 Hama massacre in Syria carried out against Muslims by Hafez al-Assad.• Less than the no. of Bosnian Muslims killed in a single massacre perpetrated by Serbs in 1991 at Srebrenica, in which over 8,000 murders were committed. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 28. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 29. 1912-1995 1948 1941-1943 BALKANS FINLAND INDIA-PAKISTAN 7,000,00014,000,000 (KARELIA)1984-1994 600,000Armenia- 1974Azerbaijan CYPRUS1,050,000 25O,000
  • 30. India Pakistan7,000,000 14,000,000 Hindus fromPakistan to India 7,000,000 Hindus from Pakistan to India During the foundation of India, 1948, the just born entity separated to 2 states, according to religious lines. The violence that erupted caused not only a huge number of casualties, but also a transfer of 7 millions of Hindus,Ben-DrorPakistan, and the from Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com same number of Muslims, from India.
  • 31. Balkans 7,000,000 Endless waves of population exchanges, began in 1912 and 1915, and then a big wave following WW1, 1923, that took place under some regional settlements. The last wave was during the 90’s. Fridtjof Nansen, who initiated the population exchange between Turkey and Greece, won Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922.
  • 32. Germans 12,000,000 Following World War II , ethnic Germans were forced to leave all the neighboring countries. Most of them as a result of post-war agreements, like Yalta and Potsdam. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 33. Sudan 3,000,000 Since the foundation of Sudan, the civil war, mainly between the Arab-Muslim north and the south, has never stopped. The last wave is the genocide, and ethnic cleansing, in Darfur. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 34. Poland-Ukraine 1,400,000 The multi-ethnic area at the eastern border of Poland caused several waves of population exchanges, mainly following the 2 world wars. As a result, hundreds of thousands of people were forced to move. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 35. Armenia- Azerbaijan 360,000 740,000 Armenians Muslims to to Armenia Azerbaijan 1,000,000 The majority of Azerbaijan is MUSLIM. But the majority in Nagorno-Karabakh region was Armenian Christian. In 1988, this semi-autonomous region sought to be joined to Armenia. That request triggered widespread killings of Muslims in Armenia and Armenians in Azerbaijan. Fighting ended with a ceasefire in 1994, but the conflict gave rise to one million new refugees: 740,000 Muslims fled Armenia for Azerbaijan, and 360,000 Armenians made the Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com opposite direction.
  • 36. Winston Churchill Winston Churchill was convinced that the only way to alleviate tensions between populations was the transfer of people, to match the national borders. As he stated in a speech to the House of Commons in 1944: “Expulsion is the method which will be the most satisfactory and lasting. There will be no mixture of populations to cause endless trouble… A clean sweep will be made. I am not alarmed by these transferences” Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 37. POPULATIONTRANSFERS IN EUROPE 1944-1951:20,000,000 Prof. Joseph Schechtman
  • 38. Israel-Arab, Jews and Palestinians 711,000 Arabs to the 850,000 neighboring Jews from the countries Arab countries Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 39. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 40. Jews in Maabara (Refugees Camp) 1951 Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 41. POPULATION EXCHANGES 1913-1995 5,000,000 PALESTINIANS 2010 42,000,000 SUM 250,000 Cyprus 850,000 Jews 711,000 Palestinians 1948 1,050,000 Armenia-Azerbaijan 7,000,000 Balkans 14,400,000 India-Pakistan 20,000,000 Europe45,000,00 40,000,00 35,000,00 30,000,00 25,000,00 20,000,00 15,000,00 10,000,00 5,000,000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  • 42. ARAB LANDSAlgeria 2,381,741 919,595 18.10%Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 830,000 16.40%Sudan 1,861,484 718,723 14.20%Libya 1,759,540 679,360 11.40%Mauritania 1,025,520 395,960 7.80%Egypt 1,002,000 387,000 7.60%Somalia 637,657 246,201 4.90%Yemen 527,968 203,850 4.00%Morocco 446,550 172,410 3.40%IraqOmanSyria 435,244 309,500 185,180 168,049 119,500 71,500 3.30% 2.40% 1.40% 13,130,195TunisiaJordanUnited Arab Emirates 163,610 89,342 83,600 63,170 34,495 32,300 1.20% 0.70% 0.60% sq kmDjibouti 23,200 9,000 0.10%Kuwait 17,818 6,880 0.10%Qatar 11,586 4,473 0.08%Lebanon 10,452 4,036 0.08%Palestine 6,020 2,320 0.05%Comoros 2,235 863 0.01%Bahrain 758 293 0.01% 13,130,695 Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 43. ARAB LANDS340,000,000 13,130,195 People sq km 3,400,000 20,770 People sq km Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 44. REFUGEES The UN has two agencies: United Nations United NationsHigh Commission Relief and Works for Refugees) Agency) Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 45. WHO IS A REFUGEE? UNHCR UNRWAEvery person who, owingto external aggression, Palestine refugees areoccupation, foreign persons whose normaldomination or events place of residence wasseriously disturbing publicorder in either part or the Palestine between Junewhole of his country of 1946 and Mayorigin or nationality, is 1948, who lost bothcompelled to leave hisplace of habitual residence their homes and meansin order to seek refuge in of livelihood as a resultanother place outside his of the 1948 Arab-Israelicountry of origin ornationality conflict Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 46. THE PARADOX OF UNRWA UNHCR UNRWAhelps people out of their helps people to preserve refugee status their refugee statusStatus of refugee is not Status of refugee is given given to all offspring to all offspring refugee status is refugee status is notdependent on economic dependent on economic condition condition Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 47. THE PARADOX OF UNRWA UNHCR UNRWA “Helped 711,000 50,000,000 people to restart their refugees in 1948 life” The number now is They are not refugees (according to UNRWA) anymore” http://www.unhcr.org.ua/main.php?article_id=4&view=full 5,000,000http://www.unhcr.org.ua/main.php?article_id=4&view=full http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=47 Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 48. “The Arab armies entered Palestine to protectthe Palestinians, but instead they abandonedthem, forced them to emigrate and to leavetheir homeland, imposed upon them a politicaland ideological blockade and threw them intoprisons similar to the ghettos in which theJews used to live in Eastern Europe…"“For 17 years the Arab radio stationsbroadcasted their intention of throwing theJews to the sea and returning the refugees totheir homes… They didn’t throw the Jews intothe sea, and they didn’t return the refugees”
  • 49. “… refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighborsshould be permitted to do so at the earliest practicable date, and that compensationshould be paid for the property of those choosing not to return and for loss of ordamage to property which, under principles of international law or in equity, should bemade good by the Governments or authorities responsible.Instructs the Conciliation Commission to facilitate the repatriation, resettlementand economic and social rehabilitation of the refugees and the payment ofcompensation, and to maintain close relations with the Director of the United NationsRelief for Palestine Refugees and, through him, with the appropriate organs andagencies of the United Nations; “… the reintegration of the refugees into the economic life of the Near East, either by repatriation or resettlement is essential ... for the realization of conditions of peace and stability in the area” “... the Governments concerned to undertake measures to ensure that refugees, whether repatriated or resettled, will be treated without any discrimination either in law or in fact” 4. … to explore with the governments concerned arrangements looking towards their assuming administration of reintegration projects at the earliest possible date; 5. Requests the UNRWA to explore with the governments concerned the transferring the administration of relief to those governments at the earliest possible date … UNRWA should continue to carry the cost”
  • 50. The Egyptian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Muhammad Saleh ed-Din:In demanding the restoration of the refugees to Palestine, theArabs intend that they shall return as the masters … Moreexplicitly: they intend to exterminate the state of Israel” Alexander Galloway, UNRWA official 1951-52: “The Arab states do not want to solve the refugee problem. They want to keep it as an open sore … as a weapon against Israel. Arab leaders dont give a damn whether the refugees live or die” Refugee conference in Homs, Syria, 1957: “… any discussion aimed at a solution of the Palestine problem which will not based on ensuring the refugees right to annihilate Israel will be regarded as desecration of the Arab people and an act of treason” The Arab League, 1959, Resolution 1457: “The Arab countries will not grant citizenship to applicants of Palestinian origin in order to prevent their assimilation into the host countries” Egypt’s President, Gamal Abdul Nasser, 1960: “If the refugees return to Israel, Israel will cease to exist”
  • 51. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 52. • Lord Peel Commission - 1937• The Partition Resolution - 1947• The Khartoum Decision (Arab League) - 1967• The Bill Clinton Proposal - 2000• The Arab Initiative - 2002• The Olmert Proposal - 2008
  • 53. The Clinton Proposal Bill Clinton, “My Life”, 2005, 936-946
  • 54. Condoleezza Rice,about the Olmert proposal: Condoleezza Rice “No Higher Honor”, 2011
  • 55. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 56. Condoleezza Rice,about the Olmert proposal: Condoleezza Rice “No Higher Honor”, 2011
  • 57. The Olmert Proposal:
  • 58. The Olmert Proposal:
  • 59. The People Voice Initiative:
  • 60. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 61. “Kill the Jews”(the Grand Mufti with Hitler) 1941 Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 62. The Hamas Charter, Article 17 Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 63. Abbas Zaki:
  • 64. Abbas Zaki:• When we say that the settlement should be based upon the borders of June 4, 1967, President [Abbas] understands, we understand, and everybody knows that the greater goal cannot be accomplished in one go.• If Israel withdraws (to the 67 borders- B.Y) – what will become of Israel? It will come to an end.• [...] If one says that one wants to wipe Israel out ... Cmon, its too difficult. Its not [acceptable] policy to say so. Dont say these things to the world. Keep it to yourself. (Fatah Central Committee Member Abbas Zaki, Al-Jazeera Sep. 2011)
  • 65. Palestinian Authority Mufti(Highest religious authority at Fatah event, Jan. 15, 2012): Moderator at Fatah event:
  • 66. AHMEDINJAD –“DEATH TO ISRAEL”
  • 67. HAMAS: “KILL THE JEWS, THE CHRISTIANS, THE COMUNISTS, TO THE LAST ONE” Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 68. HAMAS: “KILL THE JEWS, THE CHRISTIANS, THE COMUNISTS, TO THE LAST ONE” Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 69. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 70. ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT*• Article 7• Crimes against humanity• 1. For the purpose of this Statute, "crime against humanity" means any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack:• (a) Murder; (b) Extermination; (c) Enslavement; (d) Deportation or forcible transfer of population; (e) Imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental rules of international law; (f) Torture; (g) Rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity; (h) Persecution against any identifiable group or collectivity on political, racial, national, ethnic, cultural, religious, gender as defined in paragraph 3, or other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law, in connection with any act referred to in this paragraph or any crime within the jurisdiction of the Court; (i) Enforced disappearance of persons; (j) The crime of apartheid; (k) Other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health.• “The crime of apartheid" means inhumane acts of a character similar to those referred to in paragraph 1, committed in the context of an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group over any other racial group or groups and committed with the intention of maintaining that regime”
  • 71. The Apartheid Lie
  • 72. Moshe Katsav, the eight president George Kara,of Israel, was sent to 7 years in jail The Presiding Judge
  • 73. According to the Democracy Index 2011, nearly 53 percent of Israeli Arabs are “Proud to be Israelis” The survey conducted by the Israel Democracy Institute
  • 74. 42 percent of Jerusalem Arabs say they would try to move to Israel if their neighborhood became part of a new Palestinian state These findings are from a survey sponsored by The Washington Institute and conducted by Palestinian pollster Dr. Nabil Kukali of the Bethlehem-based Palestinian Center for Public Opinion (PCPO), in partnership with the Princeton-based Pechter Middle East Polls
  • 75. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 76. FLOTILA TO GAZA
  • 77. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 78. Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com
  • 79. THE FIRST CHCHEN WAR 1994-1996 IRAQ,50,000-200,000 THE SECOND CHCHEN WAR FALUJJAH 1999-2001 30,000-100-000 2004 (1,200) SRI-LANKA 2,000-6,000 2009 NATO-KOSOVO WAR PAKISTAN 1999 SWAT VALLEY10,000-40,000 (500) 1,100-2,500 2009 ISRAEL: CAST LEAD (1,200) 6,000 2009 (700) 500-700
  • 80. BATTLES DEATH TOLL (COMBTANTS & CIVILIANS) COMBATANTS 0.7 CIVILIANS? 0.1 0.6 ISRAEL GAZA CIVILIANS 0.8 2 0.5 NATO BELGRAD 1.6 3 1 PAKISTAN SWAT 0.8 6 1 USA FALLUJAH 1.2 30 10 SRI LANKA45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
  • 81. GOLDSTONE C: “If I had known then what I know now, the Goldstone Report would have been a different report” (Washington Post, April 1, 2011)Ben-Dror Yemini bdyemini@gmail.com