Education Policy in 2011: An Overview

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Great overview of the trends and challenges facing the education sector (both political and technological) from Dale Bassett, Research Director at Reform.

Great overview of the trends and challenges facing the education sector (both political and technological) from Dale Bassett, Research Director at Reform.

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  • 1. Education policy in 2011 An overview Dale Bassett Research Director, Reform Microsoft 12 April 2011
  • 2. Reform – who are we?
    • Independent, charitable, non-party think tank
    • Established in 2002 to set out a better way to deliver public services and economic prosperity
    • Aim to produce research of outstanding quality on the core issues of the economy, health, education, law and order the right balance between government and individual
    • Free market principles: a belief that competition and choice can drive improvements in quality and better value for money
    • Communicate our work to politicians and opinion formers in all parties and none in order to create a consensus for reform
    • Funded by philanthropic individuals, corporate organisations and other charitable trusts
    • Our funding does not influence the content of our research
    • Cross-party advisory board
  • 3. A year of change...
    • Schools
    • Structural changes: academies and free schools
    • “ Core business” changes: curriculum and exams
    • A greater focus on improving the quality of teaching
    • Capital – abolition of BSF, James Review
    • Technology – abolition of Becta, “silent” Schools White Paper
    • Universities
    • Tuition fees – a switch from state to individual funding
    • Increased regulation and requirements on improving access and WP
    • Access to data and career advice
    • Diversification of funding and commercialisation
    • 16-19
    • Further Education reform – UTCs, Wolf Review
    • Apprenticeships – a total of 250,000 by 2014-15
  • 4. ... and of cuts
    • Schools
    • Schools revenue budget frozen in real terms
    • Most ringfencing scrapped but LAs under pressure
    • £2.5bn pa pupil premium
    • Capital spending cut by 60% in real terms by 2014-15
    • Universities
    • Revenue budget cut by 40% (to £4.2bn), offset by tuition fee increases
    • Science budget frozen in cash terms
    • 16-19
    • Revenue budget cut by 25% (to £3.2bn)
    • EMA abolished (£560m) but replaced with £180m bursary scheme
    • £250m pa additional spending on apprenticeships by 2014-15
    • Value for money will be key to maintaining quality of provision
  • 5. Changing the school system
    • Academies
    • 629 schools are now academies (16.5% of secondaries), 473 more applied
    • Semi-independent state-funded schools
    • Freedom over curriculum, pay and conditions, structure of day and year
    • LA-topsliced budget returned to school control
    • Greater autonomy -> need for great leadership and 3 rd party support
    • Free schools
    • 1 opening, 17 approved, 41 at business case stage, 323 applications
    • New academies established by parents, teachers or charities
    • Choice and diversity to respond to demand from parents
    • Competition to drive innovation, quality and value for money
  • 6. Changing the school system
    • Curriculum and exams
    • English Baccalaureate – measures success in 5 core academic GCSEs
    • 15.6% vs 53.4% achieving 5 A*-C or equivalent inc English and maths
    • National Curriculum review – 3 year timetable
    • Rigour in exams – greater role for universities – but could require greater knowledge from examiners (role for technology?)
    • Value for money
    • Procurement – Audit Commission £415m, Treasury £1bn
    • Teacher quality – better quality teaching delivers better value for money
    • High quality teaching adds half a GCSE grade per subject
    • 53 percentile point improvement vs 8 points for class size reduction
    • 80% of a school’s budget is spent on staff – numbers will be reduced
    • Need for innovation and collaboration, use of technology, better CPD
    • OECD says 20% can be saved
  • 7. Changing HE and FE
    • Higher education
    • Shift to private financing – competition to drive VfM
    • Shared services, better use of facilities, staffing levels
    • Much greater diversity in provision: new types of HE, new ways of delivering it, part-time/distance study, over more/fewer years
    • Innovation – better use of best teachers, collaboration, virtual delivery
    • Diversification of funding and new business models – commercialisation of research (Imperial Innovations) and of services (e.g. CPD)
    • Further education
    • Focus on labour market value and progression opportunities (Wolf)
    • Apprenticeships and UTCs – focus on employability
    • HE in FE – at a competitive price
  • 8. An opportunity for technology
    • Need for innovation – new ways of doing things, new products, new focus on quality and customer satisfaction
    • Competition, choice and accountability driving VfM – data
    • Facilitating collaboration – back office and on the front line
    • Capital cuts and tight budgets mean no money to spend to save
  • 9. Your thoughts?
    • [email_address]
    • @dalebassett
    • 020 7799 6699