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AMERMS Workshop 8: Microfinance for a Sustainable Environment (PPT by Grameen Shakti)

AMERMS Workshop 8: Microfinance for a Sustainable Environment (PPT by Grameen Shakti)




Sustainable Environment: Using Microfinance and People’s Own Initiatives to Propel Investment in Renewable Energy, Water and Sanitation
ROOM: Lenana Hall
Translated session: English & French
Panelist: Mr. Patrick Lumumba, East Africa Watercredit Program Officer, Water.org, Kenya
Panelist: Mr. Ziad Al Refai, Executive Director, Jordan Micro Credit Company ''Tamweelcom'', Jordan
Panelist: Mr. David Kuria, CEO, Ecotact Limited, Kenya
Panelist: Mr. Tamim Islam, Director - Development, Grameen Trust, Bangladesh on behalf of Abser Kamal, Managing Director, Grameen Shakti, Bangladesh



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    AMERMS Workshop 8: Microfinance for a Sustainable Environment (PPT by Grameen Shakti) AMERMS Workshop 8: Microfinance for a Sustainable Environment (PPT by Grameen Shakti) Presentation Transcript

    • GRAMEEN SHAKTI Journey Towards Green Energy Revolution Presented by: Tamim Islam, Director, Development, Grameen Trust On behalf of: Mr. Abser Kamal, Acting Managing Director, Grameen Shakti Email: g_shakti@grameen.com Africa and the Middle East Regional Microcredit Summit, April 25, 2010, Nairobi, Kenya
    • Bangladesh is an Energy Starved Country Only 40% of the 160 million are connected to the grid Energy Scenario  Most of the rural people do not have access to electricity  Majority rural people depend 40% on kerosene lamps for light 60%  80% of the rural people cook with biomass  This causes economic, health, environmental Non Electrified Area problems Electrified Area Development Needs Energy. Renewable Energy can be a source of cost effective and pollution free energy
    • Poor People & women are the victim of Energy shortage  Bangladesh is severely affected by Energy Shortages unstable supply of electricity & extensive load shedding impose a high cost on the economy  Total Electricity Production is about 4500MW & the real need is more than double only in the grid connected area  Most of the power plants are old and working for more than 20 years  85% of the power plants are operated by natural gas  The total gas reserve is not sufficient to continue the supply after 2016  Electricity is required for reducing poverty and uplifting life standards
    • Journey Towards Green Energy Revolution  Set up in 1996 by Professor Yunus, Founder of Grameen Bank.  Our Mission is to empower the rural people with access to Green & Clean Energy and Income  Now, operating all over Bangladesh with about 850 field offices and over 5000 staff  We envisage a future where rural households of Bangladesh, would have access to environment friendly and pollution free energy at affordable cost
    • Reaching the Rural People The Need For Innovation Main Hurdles were  High Up-front Costs  Lack of Consumer financing  Very limited investments in this sector due to perceived risks and uncertainty  Knowledge and Awareness gap  Lack of efficient, cost–effective after sales service  Lack of policy support
    • Impact of GS activities in Carbon Emission Reduction Activities Yearly Yearly Total savings of Biomass/Fuel Total money cost ( per Unite) Biomass/Fuel ( in million US$) Ton/Liter cost Ton/Liter Installed Solar 180 liter 5,40,00,000 Liter 38.5 Home System 300,000 Biogas Plants 2.0 ton 16000 ton 0.9 8000 Improved 1.8 ton 75600 ton 4.3 Cooking Stove 42000 Total 43.7 Total Carbon Emission Reduction 232000 ton, worth to 2.32 million US$
    • Grameen Shakti has successfully blended Technology with Social, Market Forces to develop a Market Based Approach to reach the rural people - Innovative use of micro-credit Coupled with : • Focus on income generation • Local Technology Transfer • Community participation & awareness development • Dedicated and Committed Staff • Flexible Management • A Listening Culture • Strong Internal Audit System
    • Now, Grameen Shakti is one of the largest rural based Renewable Energy Company in the world  Over 3,20,000 Solar Home Systems installed with 13,000 plus systems installed per month  More than 3000 women technicians & entrepreneurs trained through GTCs  Over 9500 biogas plants constructed  49,000 Improved Cook Stoves made  Growing organic fertilizer and Tree Plantation programs
    • Covers BANGLADESH Activities Area of Grameen Shakti all over Bangladesh GRAMEEN SHAKTI UPDATE Total Office 893 Branch Office 726 Regional Office 110 Divisional Office 12 Technology Center 45 District Covered 64 Upazila Covered 450 Village Covered 32,000 Island Covered 16
    • Blending Market Forces with Adaptive technology  Micro-utility Model - Sharing a Solar Home System to reduce cost and increase income Polli Phone : Mobile Phone centers with Solar powered mobile phones  Small Solar Home Systems : Popular among low income household helping to replace kerosene and generate income Micro-Utility Model has become very popular in Market places
    • Financial Mechanism Option Down Installments Service Charge payment (Flat rate) Option-1 15% 36 months 6% Option-2 25% 24 months 4% Option-3 100% cash payment with 4% discount SSHS Min 15% 24- 36 months 6% People can own a SHS at the same cost of Kerosene
    • Yearwise Installation of SHS and Planning of 2010 220000 Plan 2010 113736 75887 48339 27991 13791 18634 7800 228 370 1240 1745 3170 4660 Upto 19971998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    • Grameen Shakti’s Biogas Program  A program design Sustainable waste management & responsive to decentralized power system client needs :  Soft loans  On the spot trouble shooting  Adaptive research  Mason & User training
    • Initially started as a pilot project in 2005 GS has Constructed more than 9000 biogas plants, around 300 large sized biogas plants Promoted Organic Fertilizer business and linkage between Poultry/Live- stock, Agriculture & biogas technology Slurry Processing at a biogas plant
    • Over 4 million BIOGAS PLANTS can be constructed : Gas, Light , Electricity & Organic Fertilizers  Gas , light & organic fertilizer for small farmers with few livestock  Burden of women is reduced, their heath protected  Poultry Owners can get rid of the poultry wastes, give connection to neighbors, save firewood, get fertilizers, produce electricity  Cost-effective rented gas for small businesses & households
    • Year wise Biogas Plant Construction Growth and Planning of 2010 16,000 Plan 2010 4605 2548 1590 453 30 Upto'05 2006 2007 2008 2009 P-2010
    • IMPROVED COOKING STOVES Cost effective technology for pollution free healthy Rural Environment & Green Jobs  2000 ICS technicians cum entrepreneurs have been created  Nearly 45 manufacturing units set up through seed capital and technical assistance for smooth supply d of grates, chimneys etc.  Households and businesses save 50% fuel cost  Women can cook in smoke free kitchens
    • Year wise ICS Growth and Planning of 2010 276,000 Plan 2010 29565 4588 11404 410 Upto’06 1 2007 2 3 2008 4 2009 5 P-2010
    • Grameen Technology Centers Creating Green Jobs For Women • Over 3000 women trained in sustainable energy technologies • Some trainees set up their own energy businesses • 45 GTC now set up to carry out training & manufacturing in rural areas to strengthen GS services • Moving beyond Solar PV Mrs. Ambia, woman technician working at her home
    • Grameen Shakti Telecommunication New Initiative • Grameen Shakti participates with Grameen Phone to install 6.5 KW solar plants for 4 BTS • Grameen Shakti received more offer from other mobile phone companies to install solar panel for BTS after the successful installation of Grameen Phone BTS. • Compared to diesel, solar electricity offers a sustainable, cost-effective and environment-friendly electricity supply for Bangladesh’s growing telecommunication industry.
    • The Challenges Ahead  Financial and legal frame work needs upgrading  Lack of involvement of financial institutions  Higher price of Solar PV system ( Price of Battery & other accessories increasing)  Increasing power efficiency of Solar PV system  Creation of new & skill manpower
    • Road Map to 2012 Solar program  Set up 1000 Branch Offices in the next 2 years to install one million SHSs by 2012  Setting up 100 GTCs in the next 2 years Biogas plants  Install of 50,000 biogas plant within 2012.  Scale up linkages between biogas technology, live stock, agriculture and income generation to create a sustainable program Improved Cooking Stoves  10 million stoves by 2015 through local entrepreneurs
    • National and International Awards Received by Grameen Shakti 1. Energy Globe Award (Austria) 2002 2. European Solar Prize (Germany) 2003 3. USAID Best Theme Award 2003 4. Solar Prize 2004 5. IDCOL Award 2005 6. Ashden Award (UK) 2006 7. European Solar Prize (Germany) 2006 8. Tech Museum Award (USA) 2007 9. Right Livelihood Award (Sweden) 2007 10. Energy Globe Award (Brussels) 2008 11. National Environment Award (Bangladesh) 2008 12. Ashden Outstanding Achievement Award (UK) 2008 Grameen Shakti
    • Thank you for your Kind Attention