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Res62 presentation5

Res62 presentation5






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    Res62 presentation5 Res62 presentation5 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 5 The development of competitive sport
    • Learning outcomes:
      • understand the role of festivals in the history of sport
      • understand the emergence of rational sport as a result of the industrial revolution
      • understand the characteristics of sport in the twentieth and twenty-first century
      • understand the concept of deviance in sport
    • History of sport timeline Ancient  Festival  Popular  Public  Oxbridge  Rational Origins Games Recreations Schools Sport 1 st 10 – 12 th 14 – 18 th Early 19 th Mid – 19 th End of 19 th M illennium Century Century Century Century Century
    • The Olympic Games
      • Origins in Ancient Greece, where they were held every four years as part of a religious ceremony to the god Zeus.
      • Baron Pierre de Coubertin introduced the modern Olympic Games in 1896.
      • The aim of the Games was to prevent war and develop more international friendship.
      • The Games for most of the twentieth century were amateur, with performers competing purely for enjoyment.
    • Development of sport
      • Remember
      • Sport in pre-industrial Britain was linked to a need for war preparation.
      • Early sports were divided by social class and background.
      • The church and local gentry were important in the organisation of festival games.
      • The Modern Olympic Games are a combination of ancient and modern festivals.
    • Industrialisation changed the way people lived, worked and played
      • Urbanisation – large populations moved into the cities and towns where there was a lack of space for recreation.
      • Industrialisation – life was based around the factory system and machine time.
      • Working conditions – initially were very poor for the lower classes, with long shifts and little free time. The twentieth century saw a gradual increase in free time; legislation brought in the Saturday half day, the Ten Hour Act and early closing for shop workers.
      • Economics – the systems of capitalism and industrial patronage led to the formation of work and church teams, which often developed into professional clubs.
    • The role of Oxbridge in the development of sport
      • Remember
      • The universities of Cambridge and Oxford played an important role in the development of sport.
      • They were the first place where compromise rules were developed.
      • They also developed regular fixtures – Varsity matches.
      • Blues became important role models and teachers.
    • The development of sport in the twentieth century
      • Remember
      • The rise of spectatorism and its influence on sport in the twentieth century.
      • The continued development of commercialisation and Americanisation in sport in the UK.
      • The influence the 1984 Olympics had on subsequent global games.