Life Plan Example 9/10


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Life Plan Example 9/10

  1. 1. Life Plan Unit 4. Task 4.4 Name: Tess Noll Dubai British School Centre No: 91515 Candidate No: 8331
  2. 2. I have been riding horses since I was four years old and played polo for over 4 years. I play competitively in local and national competitions. I am a member of the Governing Body of Polo, the Hurlingham Polo Association (see appendix one). I have progressed through the talent identification pathway from captaining my school’s polo team to playing for the Pony Club (see appendix two). I am currently sponsored by Madeline Lloyd Webber and have played in tournaments for St Bartholomew's School, Pangbourne Collage, Watership Down and Desert Palm. During the summer season of 2009 I played and was sponsored by Lord Andrew Lloyd Webber on the Watership Down Polo Team. The team is trained by Mark Holmes who plays for the England team. I currently live in Dubai and play at Desert Palm Polo Club (DPPC) (see appendix three). The club is owned by Ali Albwardy and managed by Martin Valent. Ali Albwardy is the current patron to the Dubai team. I receive coaching from Martin Valent and Matias Machado 2-3 times a week. Martin and Matias have represented Argentina and Dubai in international tournaments including the Cartier International Polo Coronation Cup (see appendix four). My long term aspirations include representing England which I hope to achieve by going to Argentina, playing polo with some of the world’s best polo players. In September 2011 I will attend the University of the West of England (UWE). UWE have one of the best university teams in England and I aim to be a part of this team (see appendix five). Present Performance Level – My background
  3. 3. Time Line: Performance History of Progression in Polo 1992 Birth 1996 – Started horse riding (given my first pony) 2010 2008 – moved to Dubai. Started playing for Desert Palm 1999 – First equestrian competition – showing and showjumping competition 2006 – Started playing polo at Watership Down 2003 – Started St Bartholomew’s School 2007 - Played in SUPA National Championships for St Bartholomew’s School 2008 - Played in SUPA National Arena Championships for Pangbourne College 2007 - Played in SUPA National Arena Championships for St Bartholomew’s School 2009 – Played for Andrew Lloyd Webber at Watership Down 1997 – Started primary school
  4. 4. Pathways after Sixth Form Sixth Form University Work Gap Year During my gap year I will work on a polo yard in Argentina. This will give me opportunities to earn money and play polo. Taking a gap year in Argentina will allow me to play polo at a higher level than if I stayed in England or Dubai as the world best players are from Argentina (see appendix eight). Start at the University of the West of England (UWE) in September 2011 Start at the University of the West of England (UWE) in September 2010. The university has its own polo team. This will allow me to play in the Schools and Universities Polo Association competitions and leagues (see appendix six). From this I will be able to progress as all matches are regulated by the Hurlingham Polo Association meaning my handicap will increase if I continue to make progress (see appendix seven). At the end of the 2010 academic year I will leave the Dubai British School (DBS); from here there are three pathways open to me.
  5. 5. TimeLine: My Future in Polo 2008 Current Level Retirement 2052. Age 60. Currently studying at DBS playing at Desert Palm Polo Club 2008 - 2010. Age 16 -18. Take a gap year in Argentina. Working and playing polo on Marianela Castagnola’s polo yard 2010 – 2011. Age 18 – 19. Attend the University of the West of England – play in SUPA competitions for the University 2011 – 2014. Age 19 – 22. Gain sponsorship and a patron, become a professional polo player travelling internationally for tournaments 2014 – 2032. Age 22 – 40 Write as a journalist 2015 – 2047. Age 23 - 55 Gain HPA Coaching qualification 2012. Age 20. Play in The Queen Mothers Centenary Cup (40 WPT Points) 2018. Age 26 Play in Prince of Wales Trophy (60 WPT Point) 2020. Age 28 Play in Cámara de Diputados Cup (100 WPT points) 2022. Age 30 Play in Argentine Republic Cup (50 WPT Points) 2019. Age 26 Play in Queens Cup (120 WPT Points) 2023. Age 31 Play in Hurlingham Polo Open (150 WPT Points) 2024. Age 32 Play in British Polo Open (150 WPT Points) 2025. Age 33 Play in Gold Cup (Ellerstina) (60 WPT Points) 2021. Age 29 World Polo Tour Rating (WPT) (see appendix nine)
  6. 6. Stages in Polo Unlike many sports, it is hard to pinpoint optimum performance for a polo player as it is often dependent on opportunities. The worlds current top polo players are aged between 24 and 41 years (see appendix ten). Stage Age Stage One 16 - 18 Stage Two 18 - 20 Stage Three 20 - 23 Stage Four 23 - 40 Stage Five 40 - 60 Stage Six 60 + There are no published progressive pathways in polo, one progresses through gaining sponsorship or a patron via social contacts and scouts at certified HPA competitions. I have created my own development pathway. School Polo Pony Club Polo Club Team There are six stages to my life plan. National Team International Team
  7. 7. Occupation: Full time student October –May: Club chukkas and training twice a week at DPPC, this is the Dubai polo season. Due to the small polo circuit in Dubai there are no provisions to play in HPA qualified competitions. This means that my handicap is not monitored and can not increase until I play in England or a HPA governed match. June-September: Participate in club chukkas and tournaments at Watership Down Polo Club a HPA registered club; this is the English polo season. Watership Down is my local polo club where I train as well as compete. Playing in two different countries I get to experience a wide array of polo ponies and two different styles of polo. The playing conditions and facilities in Dubai are incredibly different to England, also the players I play with in each country have varying styles and are at different standards, this means I rarely play a predictable game due to the constantly changing circumstances. Having the experience of playing in both locations allows me to gain a more holistic view of polo and improve my game dramatically compared to players who constantly play the same polo ponies, with the same people. Stage One Age: 16 – 18
  8. 8. Occupation: Gap Year Travel to Argentina to work on Marianela Castagnola’s polo yard in Cañuelas, Buenos Aires Province. I will play polo and receive coaching from her brother Lolo, who is a ten goal players and plays for Argentina and La Dolfina (see appendix eleven). This will give me further experience in the polo industry, I will gain greater knowledge in all areas of the sports, not only as a player. Marianela is a two goal player. I will travel and assist her at the competitions and play in low goal tournaments myself. Making connections in Argentina will help me progress in the polo world, as the vast majority of the top players are Argentinean. Stage Two Age: 18 – 20
  9. 9. Occupation: Full time student at UWE Attend the UWE from September 2011 - June 2014. The degree course I will study is Journalism, media and cultural studies ( ). The university have a polo team and train at Druids Lodge Polo Club. After contacting and playing alongside the captain of the polo team, Eden Ormerod, I have already secured a place on the polo team. The team participate in all university matches throughout the summer and winter seasons. This will give me plenty of opportunities to play in HPA tournaments, improve my handicap and present myself to future patrons During the three years I will be at university I will aim to complete the basic coaching grade (club instructor grade) from the HPA. I aim to use this qualification in stage four and five (see appendix twelve). After three years I will have my degree and will be able to work as a journalist for the PoloTimes ( or seek to turn professional. Stage Three Age: 20 - 23 Journalist Professional Polo Play I will aim to work for PoloTimes, this will be my main commitment and I will play polo as a hobby. Through sponsorship I will be able to play professionally. My full commitment will be to playing polo. University
  10. 10. Occupation: Work as a polo journalist and professional player I aim to have a job working for a polo publication, such as PoloTimes or The Polo Magazine. Due to the nature of job I will be traveling around the world reporting on events and interviewing players. As well as reporting on polo events I aim to be a professional player participating in the events. In order to be a professional polo player you need to have your own string of polo ponies or have a patron who provides polo ponies. If I have my own string I will be running a polo yard as well as playing and writing. During stage four I plan to marry and have children. This will prevent me from playing for a period of time however I will be able to continue writing. Once my children reach the age of five I plan to stay permanently in Argentina where my children will be educated. Having completed the HPA Club Instructors grade in stage three I will aim to move onto the HPA Qualified instructors course. Stage Four Age: 23 - 40 HPA Qualified Instructor Official HPA Instructor HPA Qualified Coach Official HPA Team Coach
  11. 11. Stage Five Age: 40 - 60 Stage Six Age: 60 to death Occupation: Work as a polo journalist, professional polo player and coach After owning my yard I can coach new players in the sport. Due to the nature of the sport being a small community, polo is mainly a social event and having made a permanent residence in Argentina, this should not pose a problem. I will play competitively for as long as possible, retiring from competitve Polo in stage 5. I will move to low goal competitions before retirement and continue to play socially until stage six. There are no veteran competitions or leagues in polo, as competition is balanced through handicap and not their age. During stage six I will retire completely from playing polo, I will mainly focus on coaching others to play.
  12. 12. Participation Rates vey/active_people_survey_3/detailed_sport_results.aspx Note: I was unable to attain a graph containing more current information displaying rates across various activity areas. Sport England published this data which I researched from their archive. From this graph one can see that there is a decline in participation in sport as age increases. This graph is based on all sports, games and physical activity. If I match the average decline in participation with the stages in my life plan one can see that the rate of participation decreases by 55% from stage one to stage six. 60 + 40 – 60 23 – 40 20 – 23 18 – 20 16 – 18 AgeStage Participation Rate Stage One 80% Stage Two 75% Stage Three 70% Stage Four 65% Stage Five 50% Stage Six 25%
  13. 13. Change in number of participants (at least once a week) in Equestrian APS2 baseline versus most recent reporting period Number of participants 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 44 45 - 64 65+ Age NumberofParticipants Number of participants ‘Sport England’ research has found that participation in equestrian sport decreases between the 16 – 19 age bracket until the 30 -34 age bracket, after this there is a dramatic increases in participation. I believe this dramatic increase is due to an increased level of disposable income people have during the 45 – 64 age bracket. Equestrian sports are an expensive leisure time activity and this restricts access for many at different life stages. Source - ople_survey_3/detailed_sport_results.aspx
  14. 14. Overall sports participation: Number achieving at least 3 sessions a week x 30 minutes moderate sports participation APS2 baseline versus most recent reporting period –all aged 16 and over Number of participants 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 1,400,000 1,600,000 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 44 45 - 64 65+ Age NumberofParticipants Number of participants The same pattern can be seen on the graph below representing an increased involvement of participants taking part three times a week. Equestrian sports do not follow the traditional decline in participation that can be seen in the figure 1 ‘Participation Rates’. Source - ple_survey_3/detailed_sport_results.aspx
  15. 15. Lifestyle Changes Lifestyle changes are important to consider. They can occur at any point however certain circumstances are more predictable than others. The following are a number of circumstances that can effect ones lifestyle; Motivation Family Coaching Official Relocation Injury and hypokinetic disorders
  16. 16. Injury rates and Hypokinetic disorders • As I progress in my life plan maintaining fitness will become more difficult as I anticipate family demands decreasing my available leisure time, this could potentially result in reduced fitness and therefore increased risk of injury but also increased likelihood of hypokinetic disorders. When I retire from competitive polo I will continue to ride in order to help offset hypokinetic disorders (see appendix thirteen). With age I will have to take into consideration my bodies natural changes such as the menopause (see appendix fourteen). PREVIOUS RESEARCH ON INJURY RATES IN POLO M Costa-Paz, L Aponte and D L Muscolo undertook a study into the injury rates of polo players the results of which highlight this and can be found in appendix fifteen.
  17. 17. During different stages in my life I will experience events which will change my motivation. One event might be playing in high goal tournaments during stage four. Stage Age Stage One 16 - 18 Stage Two 18 - 20 Stage Three 20 - 23 Stage Four 23 - 40 Stage Five 40 - 60 Stage Six 60 + In stage four of my life plan I hope to marry and have children. This will effect the amount I can play both during and post pregnancy. This will not only impact my physical fitness but also restrict my participate in tournaments, affecting my handicap. I will not be able to live such a transient life, living between Argentina and England for the polo seasons, as once I have children they will need consistency for schooling. If a member of my family is ill now or later in life, it might be difficult for me to see or help them due to our varying locations around the world. I would have to be prepared to give up playing polo for a period of time in order to do so. As I will be living between countries during stage two and four of my life plan I will have friends in many countries, however constantly moving might mean I lose contact with friends. Although during stage five of my life I aim to take up a permanent residence in Argentina. Lifestyle changes Living between Argentina and England in stages two and four will mean I will not have my family geographically close for periods of time. This will effect me as the support from my family keep me motivated and confident in my performance.
  18. 18. Coaching / Official The HPA offers 6 coaching leadership awards starting from a one day volunteer’s course progressing to Official HPA Team Coach. The game of polo has a number of positions for officials. These include Umpire, Coach, Goal Judge, Score- keeper. Formal examinations are taken in these positions at a recognised official level (see appendix twelve). These exams are run by the HPA. In the UK there are 213 Polo clubs and 124 are offering positions for leaders. Voluntary Assistants Club Instructor HPA Qualified Instructor Official HPA Instructor HPA Qualified Coach Official HPA Team Coach Stage Age Stage One 16 - 18 Stage Two 18 - 20 Stage Three 20 - 23 Stage Four 23 - 40 Stage Five 40 - 60 Stage Six 60 + I aim to achieve a club instructor grade during stage three, then complete the further grades during stage four. I will use them during the later stages in my life plan. The HPA is connected to the Federation of International Polo, as a result of this the HPA grades are recognised and valid world wide. Word Count 1098
  19. 19. Bibliography charge-as-Argentina-thrash-England-in-Coronation-Cup.html
  20. 20. Appendices Index Appendix One – The Hurlingham Polo Association Appendix Two – Pony Club Polo Appendix Three – Desert Palm Polo Club Appendix Four – Cartier International Coronation Cup Appendix Five – The University of the West of England Appendix Six – Schools and Universities Polo Association Appendix Seven – Information on handicaps Appendix Eight – World Polo Tour – nationality of players Appendix Nine – World Polo Tour – tournaments Appendix Ten – World Polo Tour – worlds top ten players Appendix Eleven – Bartholome Castagnola Appendix Twelve – HPA coaching and officiating Appendix Thirteen – Hypokinetic disorders Appendix Fourteen – Menopause Appendix Fifteen - Injuries to polo players
  21. 21. Appendix One - The Hurlingham Polo Association Website: The Hurlingham Polo Association (HPA) is the governing body for polo in the UK, Ireland and many other countries throughout the world. As such, it is responsible for the regulations and rules under which the game is played. This includes the handicapping of any one playing in the U.K. or Ireland, and the fixtures list. The object of the HPA is to further the interests of polo generally and support by all possible means the common interests of its affiliated clubs and associations. In 2004, the HPA became an incorporated company limited by guarantee. The directors of the company are the Stewards who form an executive committee which meets usually four times a year. The members of the company are the elected Council representatives of the affiliated clubs and associations. The Council meets twice a year, in December and in May for the AGM and approval of the accounts. Beneath the Stewards, the following sub committees have specific responsibilities to the Stewards as indicated by their headings: Handicap, Development, Coaching, International, Finance and Grants, Umpire and Rules, Umpire Grading, Disciplinary, Polo Pony Welfare, and Arena.
  22. 22. Appendix Two – Pony Club Polo Aims & Objectives To provide Members with an introduction to the game of polo. Pony Club Polo has four objectives: • Help young players to understand the basic principles of polo: rules, riding, tactics, striking the ball and the care and welfare of ponies • Set high standards of conduct with a competitive spirit in a team sport • Provide a bridge to the adult game • Have fun! Pony Club Polo Rules Although the Rule Books can be downloaded, it is strongly recommended that you buy a copy of the appropriate discipline Rule Book(s) so that you always have it to hand for your competitions. All Rule Books are available from The Pony Club Shop at a cost of £3.00. Section Age Ranges Under 116Jorrocks Under 149Handley Cross Under 1511Surtees Under 1512Hipwood Under 1714Loriner Under 1815Langford Under 2115Ledner Under 2115Rendell Under 2116Gannon Age on 1st JanMin Age Section
  23. 23. Appendix Three – Desert Palm Polo Club
  24. 24. Appendix Four – Cartier International Coronation Cup The following artile was published by Telegraph Coronation-Cup.html Adolfo Cambiaso leads the charge as Argentina thrash England in Coronation Cup England suffered their worst-ever defeat to Argentina on Cartier International Day at Windsor Great Park, beaten in the Coronation Cup 12-5 by the rampant visitors, led by imperious Adolfo Cambiaso. England were always underdogs and in front of more than 20,000 spectators, Argentina made full use of the skills of Cambiaso, and the young pretender to his throne, Facundo Pieres. In a scrappy match, Argentina dominated the first half and were 5-2 ahead after three chukkas. The South Americans have now beaten England three times for the Coronation Cup, 10-9 in an extra seventh chukka 10-9 in 2000, and 14-8 in 1995. For England, captain Luke Tomlinson scored four goals and led an England rearguard which saw the home quartet fight back to 5-4 in the fourth chukka, before two rapid replies put Argentina into a position from which they dominated the match. Tomlinson, his brother Mark, Malcolm Borwick and James Beim all battled valiantly, but Cambiaso and Pieres took the game away from them. Cambiaso, the 35-year-old star of the sport, showed exactly why he remains the world's best player, rarely failing to thrill with his skills and horsemanship. Cambiaso received the Coronation Cup from Prince Charles, on Cartier's 25th anniversary of supporting International Day, yet player of the match went to Argentina's three-goal player Martin Valent. It was a day for Argentina to celebrate and one for England to forget. England: James Beim (7), Mark Tomlinson (6), Malcolm Borwick (6), Luke Tomlinson (7, capt). Argentina: Gustavo Usandizaga (3), Facundo Pieres (10), Adolfo Cambiaso (10, captain), Martin Valent (3).
  25. 25. Roll Of Honour National Universities Champions - Outdoors West of England draw against Oxford Brookes2004 West of England2003 Bristol University2002 Oxford Brookes2001 Edinburgh University2000 Durham University1999 Durham University1998 Durham University1997 Royal Agricultural College1996 Edinburgh University 1995 Appendix Five – University of the West of England Polo
  26. 26. Appendix Six - SUPA Schools and Universities Polo Association Website: SUPA was established to promote and develop Schools and Universities Polo. Founded in 1991, SUPA acts as a central point of reference for advice, guidance and encouragement. SUPA organises tournament, representative teams and seeks to distribute financial support as far as possible. There is now an extensive winter and summer programme of polo for Schools, Junior Schools and Universities. SUPA supports an active winter programme of training and development, National Arena Championships and regional tournaments. The summer programme features National Junior Schools, Girls Schools and National Universities Tournaments. All of these tournaments feature beginners, novice, intermediate and Open Divisions. There are on average around 20 players in each school - with some schools having over 40 players. There are around 50 schools and 50 universities involved with SUPA and well over 2,500 young players represented and supported by SUPA.
  27. 27. Appendix Seven – Handicapping Handicaps. a. Upon payment of the appropriate fee for the current year, each Registered Player, who is not under suspension by the Association, will be entitled to an outdoor and/or arena handicap. 1) An individual registered with the Association during the prior year, who has had a handicap assigned for the current year, may activate that handicap by the payment of the current year’s Registration Fee including any applicable penalty. 2) An individual who does not have a handicap assigned for the current year must complete a written application requesting that a handicap be issued. Such handicap does not become effective until the office of the Association is so notified by the Chairman of the National Handicap Committee and the Registration Fee is paid. 3) An application for a handicap, including handicap recommendations, must be signed by the Delegate of the Club through which the individual is registered, the Circuit Handicap Chairman, and the National Handicap Chairman. 4) The National Handicap Committee will use the designation “NR” for any individual for whom the Committee feels it does not have adequate input. 5) The National Handicap Committee may append a “T” to the handicap of any individual. Such a handicap is subject to review and change at any time until the “T” is removed. The review of a “T” handicap may be requested by any member of a Circuit Committee or of the National Committee.
  28. 28. 6) Registered Players will be handicapped on a descending scale of 10 -1, A (0), B (-1), C (-2), N (Novice) or NR (No Rating). In calculating team handicaps the numeric equivalents of A, B and C will be used. 7) Any Player not registered during the prior year will be issued a “T” handicap for the current year. b. The National Handicap Committee will consist of a Chairman, the Chairman of the Association, the Chairmen of each Circuit Handicap Committee, and eight members appointed by the National Committee Chairman, each for a one-year term. Committee members may be reappointed for an indefinite number of terms. 1) The National Handicap Committee Chairman will be appointed by the Chairman of the Association, with the approval of the Board of Governors, to serve for a one-year term. The same person may be reappointed for an indefinite number of one-year terms. 2) The National Handicap Committee Chairman will be selected from the current members of the National Handicap Committee. 3) There will be an Arena Handicap Sub-Committee consisting of a Chairman appointed by the National Handicap Committee Chairman and not less than three additional members appointed by the Sub- Committee Chairman. All Arena Sub- Committee members will serve one-year terms and be eligible for reappointment. e. Emergency handicaps may be assigned by the National Handicap Committee Chairman or by the Chairman of the Association. No Individual who has not been given a handicap as above provided will be eligible to play in any Association match, game or tournament event at any Member Club
  29. 29. Appendix Eight – World Polo Tour
  30. 30. Appendix Nine - World Polo Tour Website New standards have been introduced to measure the performance of international level polo players. This system shows the level of excellence of the sport. The World Polo Tour (WPT) is the international ranking of Polo Players. Each player is being ranked according to their performance, during the course of the year, in the main tournaments around the world. The system came up as the result of the urge, by players and club managers, to create a circuit that reflects the best Polo in the World. There are four levels of tournaments; Challenger, Cup, Masters and Grand Slam, plus the Master Series which is only for professional polo players. In order to determine the category of each tournament, several aspects are taken into consideration: The handicap of the tournament, the place, the organization, the amount of teams entered and the level of players participating and the amount of spectators attending the last editions. The lists of tournaments are being reviewed every year in order to reflect the reality of the International Circuit.
  31. 31. World Polo Tour Ranking: 1 Name: Adolfo Cambiaso Nationally: Argentina Birthyear: 1975 (35 years old) Handicap: 10 (Argentina), 10 (United Kingdom), 10 (United States) World Polo Tour Ranking: 2 Name: Gonzalo Pieres Jr. Nationally: Argentina Birthyear: 1982 (28 years old) Handicap: 10 (Argentina), 10 (United Kingdom), 10 (United States) World Polo Tour Ranking: 3 Name: Facundo Pieres Nationally: Argentina Birthyear: 1986 (24 years old) Handicap: 10 (Argentina), 10 (United Kingdom), 10 (United States) World Polo Tour Ranking: 4 Name: Pablo Mac Donough Nationally: Argentina Birthyear: 1982 (28 years old) Handicap: 10 (Argentina), 10 (United Kingdom), 10 (United States) World Polo Tour Ranking: 5 Name: Juan Martin Nero Nationally: Argentina/ Italy Birthyear: 1981 (29 years old) Handicap: 10 (Argentina), 10 (United Kingdom), 10 (United States) Appendix Ten - Ranking of the worlds top ten polo players; World Polo Tour Ranking: 6 Name: Eduardo Novillo Astrada Jr. Nationally: Argentina Birthyear: 1972 (38 years old) Handicap: 9 (Argentina), 9 (United Kingdom), 10 (United States)
  32. 32. World Polo Tour Ranking: 7 Name: Hilario Ulloa Nationally: Argentina Birthyear: 1985 (25 years old) Handicap: 9 (Argentina), 8 (United States) World Polo Tour Ranking: 8 Name: Mariano Aguerre Nationally: Argentina Birthyear: 1969 (41 years old) Handicap: 10 (Argentina), 10 (United States) World Polo Tour Ranking: 10 Name: Ignacio Novillo Astrada Nationally: Argentina Birthyear: 1978 (32 years old) Handicap: 9 (Argentina), 8 (United Kingdom), 8 (United States) World Polo Tour Ranking: 9 Name: David Stirling Jr. Nationally: Uruguay Birthyear: 1981 (38 years old) Handicap: 9 (Argentina), 9 (United Kingdom), 9 (United States)
  33. 33. Appendix Eleven – Bartholome Castagnola Bartolomé Castagnola Born June 16, 1970 (1970-06-16) (age 39) Lomas de Zamora, Buenos Aires Province Occupation Polo Player Spouse(s) Camila Cambiaso Children 3 sons Bartolomé Castagnola born June 16, 1970 in Lomas de Zamora, Buenos Aires Province is an Argentine polo player with a 10-goal handicap and ranked among the top twenty players. He is often referred to as Lolo. Bartolomé Castagnola started playing polo seriously, when he was 14 and his father took him to the La Martina Polo School, where he got to know Adolfo Cambiaso. In 1988, he started playing polo abroad, when he went to San Diego with Marcelo Caset and won the San Diego Open. Since then, he won the Sotogrande Gold Cup, the US Open, the USPA Gold Cup, the Queen’s Cup and the Hurlingham Open among other. He participated 14 times in the Campeonato Argentino Abierto de Polo (Argentine Open), won 6 times and took part in the final another 3 times. Castagnola played for La Martina, Ellerstina, Outback and Dubai and played in Argentina, Spain, Dubai, United Kingdom and Australia. He founded the La Dolfina Polo Team, together with Adolfo Cambiaso, where he usually plays on position 4. Bartolomé is married to Camila Cambiaso, sister of Adolfo Cambiaso. He has three sons.
  34. 34. Appendix Twelve – HPA Coaching and Officiating Information on coaching and officiating from the Hurlingham Polo Association Website - Coaching Criteria There are several different grades of coaches/instructors. Guidelines as to their capabilities are set out below. This does not prevent an individual from coaching or instructing at higher levels. Official HPA Team Coach • Currently used by the HPA to coach HPA selected teams and to help with courses and seminars. • Appointed annually by the Development Committee. HPA Qualified Coach • Ability and experience to coach players of 3 goals and above and teams of 8 goals and above. • Should have reached 3 goals. Official HPA Instructor • Currently used by the HPA to help with courses. • Appointed annually by the Development Committee.
  35. 35. HPA Qualified Instructor • Ability and experience to get a player above 0 goals and to coach a ‘low goal’ team. • Would normally have reached 2 goals and be over 21 years of age. • Technically correct when demonstrating stick work and riding. Club Instructor • Good understanding of the rules and positioning for set plays and basic team tactics. • Teaches according to HPA Guidelines. • Must normally have held a handicap of at least 0 and be over 18 years of age. Voluntary Assistants • Those who have attended the one-day course to learn the basic guidelines in order to help in a voluntary capacity (e.g. at their club or in the Pony Club). • No assessment has been made of their knowledge or ability to help with instruction and thus they do not hold any qualification. TO OBTAIN A QUALIFICATION There will be two courses a year for prospective coaches and instructors. Anyone attending the course must be eligible by age and handicap for the qualification that they are trying to achieve and also have an umpire grade and valid First Aid Certificate. Prior to the course, those attending for the first time will be sent the guidelines and the coaching DVD.
  36. 36. Appendix Thirteen - Hypokinetic disorders The definition of hypokinetic from the mdical dictionary – http://medical- Etymology: Gk, hypo, under, kinesis, movement pertaining to diminished power of movement or motor function, which may or may not be accompanied by a mild form of paralysis. Hypokinetic diseases are conditions that occur from a sedentary lifestyle. Examples could include obesity and complications arising from sedentary behaviour. The term first originated in the book: Hypokinetic Disease (Kraus & Raab, 1961). It describes many of the diseases and conditions associated with inactivity and poor fitness such as those conditions outlined in "Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the U.S. Surgeon General". Health problems brought about by lack of exercise have increased. Charles Corbin (an American health expert) refers to these as "hypokinetic diseases" which he says are due to lack of activity. This can be accounted for, to some extent by the change from jobs needing physical effort to more sedentary occupations (e.g. office jobs). These diseases include: obesity high blood pressure high cholesterol osteoporosis osteoarthritis low back pain adult onset (type 2) diabetes mellitus
  37. 37. Appendix Fourteen – Menopause The menopause is sometimes known as the 'change of life' and is marked by the ending of menstruation (when a woman's periods stop). A woman’s periods do not usually stop suddenly. They generally become less frequent, the odd period is missed and then they stop altogether. When it happens In the UK, the average age for a woman to reach the menopause is 52. A woman is said to have reached the menopause once she has not had a period for one year. After this point, she can be described as post-menopausal. If the menopause occurs in a woman who is under 45 years of age, it is known as premature menopause. It is estimated that premature menopause affects 1% of women under the age of 40 and 0.1% of women under the age of 30. What happens? During the time leading up to the menopause (perimenopause), the hormonal and biological changes that are associated with the menopause begin. As a result of these hormonal changes, many women experience both physical and emotional symptoms, such as hot flushes, night sweats and irritability. The menopause is the end of egg production (ovulation). This occurs as a result of falling levels of the female sex hormone oestrogen, which regulates a woman’s periods. Treatments Most women reach the menopause without seeking medical advice. However, treatments are available that can ease menopausal symptoms that are severe or distressing.
  38. 38. Appendix Fithteen – Injuries to polo players Br J Sports Med 1999; 33:329-331 doi:10.1136/bjsm.33.5.329 Injuries to polo riders: a prospective evaluation. M Costa-Paz, L Aponte-Tinao, D L Muscolo Carlos E Ottolenghi Institute of Orthopaedics, Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess prospectively the incidence, nature, and severity of injuries to polo riders competing in the 1996 Argentine High Polo season. METHODS: Assessment, documentation, and provision of care for all injuries sustained during the 1996 season by one of the authors. Riders were also surveyed retrospectively for their previous polo injuries. RESULTS: 34 riders took part in the study. Nine injuries were sustained prospectively and 55 injuries were reviewed retrospectively (64 total). The injuries were categorised as minor (10), moderate (13), and major (41). Twenty five (39%) injuries occurred in the arms, 20 (31%) in the legs, 12 (19%) in the head, 3 (5%) in the back, and 4 (6%) in the face. A fracture occurred in 25 (39%) injuries as most resulted from a fall from the horse. Additionally, facial lacerations occurred prospectively in five riders but did not result in missed play. An overall injury rate of 7.8/1000 player-game hours was calculated. CONCLUSIONS: Although many sports have injury rates much greater than 8/1000 player-game hours, the severity of most injuries occurring in polo was classified as major, with fractures and facial lacerations common. The use of a helmet with a face protector is recommended to decrease injury to players. A doctor experienced in the management of serious trauma should be present at all polo matches.