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Exemplar - National study


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  • 1. Tae Kwon Do National StudySiân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 2. Entering and progressing through Tae Kwon DoThere are two ways one can enter Taekwondo, either by joining an International TaekwondoFederation (ITF) style school (See appendix one), or by joining a World Taekwondo Federation (WTF)(See appendix two). Only WTF Taekwondo is in the Olympics and it is full contact, in which points arealso awarded for knock outs, whereas ITF style Taekwondo emphasises control and technique. Inorder to fully progress in Tae Kwon Do to an Olympic level joining a WTF school would be moreappropriate.In order to progress fully you need to be extremely dedicated as it requires travelling aroundEngland as the national teams and squad training for both Taekwondo Association of Great Britain(TAGB) (See appendix three) and British Taekwondo Control Board (BTCB) (See appendix four) arebased in the North of England and the Midlands, and the BTCB is based in Manchester. The UKNational Taekwondo Centre of Excellence is based at Loughborough University, Loughborough,Leicestershire and hold the BTCBs British Championships each year.Role of the national governing bodyThe BTCB is the national governing body for WTF Taekwondo and is responsible for all types ofWTF/Olympic style Taekwondo in the UK, this includes selecting National teams for the Europeanand World championships, and the Olympic Games. The WTF outlines the rules and regulations.The TAGB is the biggest national governing body in the UK for ITF style Taekwondo. They overseecompetitions within the TAGB gradings and black belt gradings, however the TAGB follow the ITFstyle, rules and regulations but they are not a member of the ITF, but is the founding member ofTaekwondo International of which there are 61 countries that are members. (See appendix five)The TAGB and the BTCB are the main governing bodies in the UK for ITF and WTF Taekwondo; thereare over 15 national governing bodies in the UK for ITF and WTF Taekwondo. Many of these aremembers of the British Taekwondo Council, which is recognised by the Sports Council as the overallgoverning body for Taekwondo in the United Kingdom. (See appendix six)Talent IdentificationTalent identification can occur at many local and regional competitions. Over the past year UK Sportlaunched a talent transfer campaign Talent 2012 Fighting Chance(See appendix seven); for studentswith a kicking base martial arts background to apply to transfer their skills to WTF Taekwondo. Thisgave ITF students the opportunity to take part. Fighting Chance gave the opportunity to recogniseworld class martial artists that would be suitable for transferring their skills, in the hope of being inthe 2012 Olympics and becoming a full time, paid, professional athlete. Former TAGB fighter AaronCook previously took part in a talent transfer scheme, now current world junior champion andnarrowly missing out on a medal in the 2008 Olympics.The BTCB also run residential camps called the England Junior Development Programme which aresubsidised by Sport England. These camps aim to provide junior athletes with the best possiblechance to transfer into the senior Great Britain Taekwondo Academy. To overall create a juniorpathway in taekwondo in order to achieve long term success for Great Britain at majorSiân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 3. competitions. However there is criteria that needs to be met in order to be considered for theopportunity. (See appendix eight)Taekwondo at a national levelBoth the BTCB and the TAGB have national Taekwondo squads. Anybody with a full set of sparringgear and a valid TAGB licence can turn up to the TAGB squad training however the training ischallenging and a good standard of Taekwondo would have to be met, though it does offer thechance to train with some of the best semi-contact fighters in the TAGB and the world.The BTCB selects a national team to participate in the WTF European and World championships andfor the Olympic Games.Funding and sponsorshipThe BTCB has many partners which provide funding and sponsorship for the BTCB and its nationalteam, including the World Taekwondo Federation, The European Taekwondo Union, SportTaekwondo UK LTD, The British Olympic Association, UK Sport, Sport England, The English Instituteof Sport, Adidas and Korea Tourism Organization. This funding ensures that the BTCB national teamthat competes in the European and World Championships and the Olympic Games have world classcoaches, appropriate facilities, sports science and medicine support. (See appendix nine) And BritishTaekwondo are also announcing a major sponsorship opportunity leading up to the 2012 Olympics.The TAGB being ITF style does not get as much funding as the BTCB, as it is WTF and the only stylecurrently accepted by the Olympics, though they get funding from the fees students pay such aslicence fees, grading fees, equipment, courses and tournaments. They have also had campaign-specific sponsorship in the past from Nestle, Thomas Cook, Nationwide and Disney. (See appendixten)GenderTaekwondo is open to both genders, however in competition men and women compete separatelyagainst their own sex. Competitions are also split by weight, height, grade and age as this provides afair match. In Taekwondo there is equal opportunity for both genders.Taekwondo for the disabledPara-Taekwondo does exist, though it hasn’t been around for very long; in 2009 and 2010 the WTFhosted the first and second World Para-Taekwondo championships in Azerbaijan and St Petersburg,Russia. Taekwondo has yet to be added to the Paralympics, however, The International ParalympicsCommittee (IPC) hosted a meeting in December 2010 to discuss whether to include Taekwondo inthe list of the 2016 Paralympics however they decided against it.Siân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 4. Critical analysisIn my opinion it is currently very difficult for a student to be noticed, as there is not as muchprovision for talent identification as in other sports. And when starting Taekwondo you are not toldthat starting in an ITF Taekwondo school you are unable to compete in the larger events if you wishso. In my opinion the Olympics should be open to both styles of Taekwondo, giving both ITF and WTFstudents equal opportunity to progress.Word Count: 981 excluding titles, appendices and referencesReferencesân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 5. AppendicesAppendix One – International Taekwondo FederationAppendix Two – World Taekwondo FederationAppendix Three - Taekwondo Association of Great BritainAppendix Four – British Taekwondo Control BoardAppendix Five – Taekwondo InternationalAppendix Six – British Taekwondo CouncilAppendix Seven – Talent 2012 Fighting ChanceAppendix Eight – The England Junior Development ProgrammeAppendix Nine – BTCB partnerships and sponsorshipsAppendix Ten – TAGB Campaign specific sponsorship and health and fitness promotionsSiân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 6. Appendix OneInternational Taekwondo Federation. International Taekwondo Federation was established in 1966 at that time only 9 countries wereinvolved since then ITF Taekwondo is taught in almost every country in the world. The ITF is aseparate organisation to the TAGB however the TAGB practise the ITF style of Taekwondo andtherefore have to follow its rules and regulations.Siân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 7. Appendix TwoWorld Taekwondo Federation. World Taekwondo Federation was established in 1973. The Association now has unions in 5regions, The African Taekwondo Union, The Asian Taekwondo Union, The European TaekwondoUnion, The Oceania Taekwondo Union and The Pan America Taekwondo Union. Which then haveseparate governing bodies in most countries which are part of the WTF and their correspondingunion.Siân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 8. Appendix ThreeTaekwondo Association of Great Britain TAGB was formed in 1983 and has since become one of the founding members of the BritishTaekwondo Council. It is now one of the largest martial arts organisations in the world with over 600clubs in the UK and over 25,000 members. The TAGB played a leading role in the reunification ofBritish Taekwondo into one governing body so that they would all be recognised by the UK sportscouncil under one main national governing body.Siân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 9. Appendix FourBritish Taekwondo Control Board BTCB was established in 1982 and is the governing body for WTF Taekwondo in the UK. TheBTCB is a member of the WTF, The British Olympic Association, The European Taekwondo Union andrecognised by UK sport. It is responsible for all aspects of WTF Taekwondo in the UK. This includesselecting national teams to compete in the European Championships, World Championships andOlympic games. Being part of the WTF it therefore follows the rules and regulations of the WTFTaekwondo style.Siân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 10. Appendix Five International have 61 countries that are members these are;Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Costa Rica,Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ireland, Finland, France, Gambia,Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Latvia,Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zeeland, Nigeria, Norway,Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Russia, Sierra Leone,Singapore, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Ukraine, United Kingdom,USA, Venezuela.Siân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 11. Appendix SixBritish Taekwondo Council aim of the British Taekwondo Council was so that all governing bodies could be recognised inthe UK sports council under one main national governing body for the UK.Siân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 12. Appendix SevenTalent 2012 Fighting Chance Sport launched a talent identification program recently, with the hope of identifying world classmartial artists that would be able to transfer their skills to WTF Taekwondo with the aim of bringinghome a medal in the 2012 Olympic Games. Also offering the ultimate goal of a chance to become afull time paid professional athlete.There were several regulations that were needed in order to apply and then several stages for theapplicants, these included;- Aged 16+ - Lightening reactions and decision making-Male or Female - Desire and determination for success- All weight categories - UK passport holder or eligible for a UK passport- Excellent skill level- Current success at a national levelin a kicking orientated combat sportThe first stage of application was a online form in which details were given about current and pastsuccess and why they thought they should be in the 2012 Olympic Taekwondo squad. 1000 peopleapplied and 200 made it through to the talent identification days held around the UK.The second stage, which was a talent identification day, involved many different assessments. Theseincluded leg strength, flexibility, fitness and power tests and finally a combat test in which applicantsfought a 3x3minute WTF fight in front of the Great Britain WTF Coach and Sarah Stevenson, Olympicbronze medallist.The third stage involved a second identification day. During this day pad work and more sparringwere assessed. There were around 40 people who made it through to this stage, many were TAGBfighters.The next stage is an 8 day residential boot camp at the WTF UK headquarters in Manchester, to beheld in May. After this stage there will be a second residential trip to Korea for a few weeks beforeplaces as a professional athlete are offered to successful candidates. Three TAGB fighters made itthrough to this stageSiân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 13. Appendix EightThe England Junior Development ProgrammeSee website for full details and criteriaân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 14. Appendix NineBTCB Partnerships and sponsorshipsSee full list at:ân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050
  • 15. Appendix TenTAGB Health and fitness promotions the last few years the TAGB has been involved with health and fitness promotions with companiessuch as Nestle, Nationwide Building Society, Sainsburys, Asda, Cardinal Securities, Disneyland andRotary International. 2007 the TAGB was involved in the Sainsburys Active kids vouchers, where children could collectthe vouchers for their school, for every £10 spent in store a voucher would be awarded andadditional vouchers would be give for spending money on items marked as healthy such as freshfruit and vegetables. The school were then able to exchange these vouchers for coaching foractivities they probably never had the chance to do before, such as a trained taekwondo coachcoming to their school to teach them.Siân RobertsCandidate Number: 8050