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A2 Centres of Excellence

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  • 1. A2 Physical Education Managing Elite Performance The Former East Germany, Australia and USA
  • 2. The Former East Germany Post World War II 1949 – 1990 Two Separate States The German Democratic Republic A large political push for sporting excellence A state with a population similar to London finished second overall in the medal standings at the 1976 Olympics
  • 3. A talent identification programme was put in place Rigorous testing of primary children Coaches, sport specialists and medical staff monitored attainment Potential talent attended child and youth sport schools Mainly Olympic disciplines Shop Window!
  • 4. The East German Sports Model East German National Squad National Sports Institute State-run sports club Annual Spartakiad Sports boarding school Primary School Talent ID
  • 5. State Plan 1425  Strive for Olympic success  Systematic doping of young athletes  Each athlete had their own doctor  Forced to take performance enhancing steroids The Jenapharm Case  Athletes launched legal action against the pharmaceutical giants Athletes claimed they knowingly gave drugs Jenapharm blaimed the communist system
  • 6. TASK:  You are lawyers working the case.  Research the case  Decide which party you will represent  Produce a written argument to win the case.  You will then argue your case in class
  • 7. Each of the sports schools were linked to state run sports clubs This allowed athletes to train full time without risking their amateur status for Olympic competition. Associated with particular trades Locomotive (Railway)/Dynamo (Police)/Spartak (Electricians)/CSKA (Army)
  • 8. National Institutes of sport State of the art facilities Treadmills Swimming flumes Hypoxic Chambers Final preparation for the Olympics German College of Physical Culture in Leipzig Home to most of the ‘supportive medicine’
  • 9. Modern Day Germany Germany still have a talent ID scheme sport institute model many Olympic training centres No doping scandal!
  • 10. Australia Australian Institute of sport Born out of failure at the 1976 Olympics in Montreal One silver Four bronze A world best practice model for elite athlete development UK setting up similar programmes
  • 11. Public displeasure led to large government funding Public money was spent on creating an elite sports system to ensure future succes
  • 12. AIS 1981 Initial intake of 150 athletes across 8 sports AIS now offers scholarships to 600 athletes each year in 35 separate programmes covering 25 different sports It employs 75 full-time coached Main focus on the Olympics
  • 13. High performance coaching State of the art technology World-class sports medicine and sports science facility Accommodation Sport Search Need for focussed, successful talent ID Pop: 20.7million compared to 60.5million in UK
  • 14. http://www.ausport.gov.au/ais
  • 15. Task: Using rowing as an example, explain how the AIS used sports search to identify potential talent in the build up to the 2000 Sydney Olympics.
  • 16. Athlete Career and Education (ACE) Programme Australian scholarship holders Enhance personal development and performance through career and education services Advisors help athletes plan for life after sport
  • 17. AIS also provides administrative, sports science and coaching services Funding for state and territory institutes, academies and national sporting organisations.
  • 18. Some AIS developments The Ice Jacket http://www.sportsci.org/news/news9811/AISj ackets.html The Super Roo Bike & wind tunnel testing http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/hsc/bi ke/article.htm The Altitude House http://www.abc.net.au/news/olympics/featur es/altitude.htm
  • 19. Since 1998 AIS has branched out from central model of Canberra to state run facilities Falls in line with federal/state political administration of Australia Reflection of their dedication to improvement and development Commonly athletes preferred to stay in their locality Non residential
  • 20. United States of America Task: 20 mins Describe how the USA structure their sport and talent I.D. and how their scholarship programmes are structured. Give evidence of the following: Nurturing Talent High School Sport College and University Sport
  • 21. USA  Sporting talent is nurtured through high school and college system  Not club based  Mirror of professional sport structure  Top class facilities for performers and spectators  Colleges receive huge support from local areas both financial and as spectators
  • 22. Scholarships  Provides talented amateur sportsmen and women with an exclusive opportunity to pursue both an academic and athletic career simultaneously.  Can cover many, sometimes all, of the costs associated with earning a university degree.  In return, the student-athlete will represent the university in their respective sport and maintain a good level of academic performance.  There are currently over 500,000 student-athletes competing for approximately 2000 collegiate sports programs.
  • 23. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=pvuW_sWtETA
  • 24. The Annual Draft Professional Sports Contract Draft 4 Years Higher Ed Squad Sports Scholarship High School Squad
  • 25. Brought in in 1936 the draft is a mechanism for equalising the league and avoiding imbalance of power Professional clubs cream off the best college players Closely followed by media and public
  • 26. Every college game is recorded and analysed by a national office Players are then ranked The top ranked go through to the draft Draft works in reverse order – weakest performing teams get first pick of the best college athletes Trading and competition between teams Start in feeder teams of professional clubs Only 5 % make it to first team
  • 27. www.ncaa.org www.nfl.com/draft
  • 28. Stretch and Challenge Copy out the text and answer the question Pg 159
  • 29. The UK  What structures are in place and what developments have there been in the UK to enhance elite sport?
  • 30. Have you made reference to these? UK Sport – sports councils World Class Performance Pathway UKSI National Network Centres NGB’s Elite Coach Education Programme ACE UK Athlete Funding
  • 31. UK Sport Structure
  • 32. World Class System
  • 33. UKSI – National Network and High Performance Centres
  • 34. www.uksport.gov.uk/pages/athlete_zone
  • 35. ACE UK/Performance Lifestyle http://www.uksport.gov.uk/pages/performa nce-lifestyle/
  • 36. How does the funding of elite athletes differ around the world?