A2 Physical Education Managing Elite Performance The Former East Germany, Australia and USA
The Former East Germany Post World War II 1949 – 1990 Two Separate States The German Democratic Republic A large political push for sporting excellence A state with a population similar to London finished second overall in the medal standings at the 1976 Olympics
A talent identification programme was put in place Rigorous testing of primary children Coaches, sport specialists and medical staff monitored attainment Potential talent attended child and youth sport schools Mainly Olympic disciplines Shop Window!
The East German Sports Model East German National Squad National Sports Institute State-run sports club Annual Spartakiad Sports boarding school Primary School Talent ID
State Plan 1425 The Jenapharm Case Strive for Olympic Athletes launched legal success action against the Systematic doping of pharmaceutical giants young athletes Each athlete had their Athletes claimed they own doctor knowingly gave drugs Forced to take Jenapharm blaimed performance enhancing the communist system steroids
TASK: You are lawyers working the case. Research the case Decide which party you will represent Produce a written argument to win the case. You will then argue your case in class
Each of the sports schools were linked to state run sports clubs This allowed athletes to train full time without risking their amateur status for Olympic competition. Associated with particular trades Locomotive (Railway)/Dynamo (Police)/Spartak (Electricians)/CSKA (Army)
National Institutes of sport State of the art facilities Treadmills Swimming flumes Hypoxic Chambers Final preparation for the Olympics German College of Physical Culture in Leipzig Home to most of the ‘supportive medicine’
Modern Day Germany Germany still have a talent ID scheme sport institute model many Olympic training centres No doping scandal!
Australia Australian Institute of sport Born out of failure at the 1976 Olympics in Montreal One silver Four bronze A world best practice model for elite athlete development UK setting up similar programmes
Public displeasure led to large government funding Public money was spent on creating an elite sports system to ensure future succes
AIS 1981 Initial intake of 150 athletes across 8 sports AIS now offers scholarships to 600 athletes each year in 35 separate programmes covering 25 different sports It employs 75 full-time coached Main focus on the Olympics
High performance coaching State of the art technology World-class sports medicine and sports science facility Accommodation Sport Search Need for focussed, successful talent ID Pop: 20.7million compared to 60.5million in UK
Task: Using rowing as an example, explain how the AIS used sports search to identify potential talent in the build up to the 2000 Sydney Olympics.
Athlete Career and Education (ACE)Programme Australian scholarship holders Enhance personal development and performance through career and education services Advisors help athletes plan for life after sport
AIS also provides administrative, sports science and coaching services Funding for state and territory institutes, academies and national sporting organisations.
Some AIS developments The Ice Jackethttp://www.sportsci.org/news/news9811/AISjack The Super Roo Bike & wind tunnel testinghttp://www.powerhousemuseum.com/hsc/bike/a The Altitude Househttp://www.abc.net.au/news/olympics/features/a
Since 1998 AIS has branched out from central model of Canberra to state run facilities Falls in line with federal/state political administration of Australia Reflection of their dedication to improvement and development Commonly athletes preferred to stay in their locality Non residential
United States of America Task: 20 mins Describe how the USA structure their sport and talent I.D. and how their scholarship programmes are structured. Give evidence of the following: Nurturing Talent High School Sport College and University Sport
USA Sporting talent is nurtured through high school and college system Not club based Mirror of professional sport structure Top class facilities for performers and spectators Colleges receive huge support from local areas both financial and as spectators
Scholarships Provides talented amateur sportsmen and women with an exclusive opportunity to pursue both an academic and athletic career simultaneously. Can cover many, sometimes all, of the costs associated with earning a university degree. In return, the student-athlete will represent the university in their respective sport and maintain a good level of academic performance. There are currently over 500,000 student-athletes competing for approximately 2000 collegiate sports programs.
The Annual Draft Professional Sports Contract Draft 4 Years Higher Ed Squad Sports Scholarship High School Squad
Brought in in 1936 the draft is a mechanism for equalising the league and avoiding imbalance of power Professional clubs cream off the best college players Closely followed by media and public
Every college game is recorded and analysed by a national office Players are then ranked The top ranked go through to the draft Draft works in reverse order – weakest performing teams get first pick of the best college athletes Trading and competition between teams Start in feeder teams of professional clubs Only 5 % make it to first team