Learning Objectives To gain an understanding of the history and development of elite sport To gain an overview of elite sport in different countries including: East Germany Australia USA
History and Development of ElitePerformance Right think back to last year . . . . . . . . . can you guess at what stage elite performance came about? What about examples?
Examples Prize fighting Cricket Horse Racing Foot races Patrons Lower classesThe driving force was wagering and the quest for sporting excellence wasfuelled by the patrons’ desire to increase their chances of winning andtherefore the size of their purse!
19th Century Elite sport By the late 19th Century there had been a social shift in terms of sporting excellence Using your knowledge of pre-industrial Britain and sport in the 19th Century, explain what this change was and how this may have come about. (4)
Answer Best performers were now almost exclusively drawn from middle and upper classes Public Schooling Muscular Christianity Games ethic High value given to sporting prowess Sporting success was big pulling
Influence of Schools What ways could schools in the late 19th/early 20th Century create opportunities for the development of elite sport? Improved facilities – swimming pool, gym, practice grounds, pavillions etc Increased access to sport – greater time given to Phys Ed on timetable, extended after school programme for sport Weekend sport Employment of ‘professional coaches’
Influence of Universities This approach was mirrored by the universities Eg oxford and cambridge rivalry became the pinnacle of elite sport – competition, formation of rules etc Sporting Blues – elite band of sportsman
Diffusion What is it? Through diffusion came the spreading of rules and games which eventually led to international fixtures A chance to ‘test’ your nation against others ‘Test’ Match!
The Olympic Games IOC 1894 De Coubertin 1896 Athens – largest international sporting event to that date – 250 competitors
Task: Using the text book, draw comparisons between the East German, Australian and American approach to sport. Compile your findings in the form of a short essay.