A2 PE Short Term Technical Preparation 1

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  • 1. A2 PE
  • 2. 1) To understand what athletes need to take into consideration in the short period before competition 2) To understand the meaning of ‘ergogenic aids’ and the different components 3) To be able to give practical examples of technological aids during short-term preparation of sport
  • 3. “short-term” – the time immediately before competition; hours or days before Technical sports such as skiing and cycling often involve large teams of people Large amounts of kit and equipment are often involved
  • 4.  Climate  Playing surface  Indoor/outdoor  Protection/risk of injury
  • 5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIncQXsE52E  Players should wear kit that helps them maintain their core body temperature. For example the use of skins/compression clothing.  Key climatic factors that may affect performance: 1) temperature 2) UV exposure 3) humidity 4) wind  Further Reading - Text book page 44/45 and make notes
  • 6. Key Term – Thermoregulation The ability to maintain body temperature within certain boundaries, even when the surrounding temperature is very different. Key Term – Venous Return The amount of blood returning to the heart (via the veins)
  • 7. Use the information you gained from the video to describe the physiological benefits of compression clothing. Can you think of any other benefits (other than physiological) that short term technological preparation my have on an athlete?
  • 8.  “Substances or devices that enhance energy production, use or recovery, and provide athletes with a competitive advantage” (Ahrendt, 2001)  Used in order to enhance physical power, mental strength or mechanical edge; preventing the onset of fatigue mechanical psychological Types of ergogenic aids chemical physiological
  • 9. Athletes use simple and common mechanical aids such as heart rate monitors, or more complex aids such as hypoxic chambers. (lowoxygen chamber) Why is this short-term? More common mechanical aid is the stream lined swimsuit…..HOWEVER…..
  • 10.  NATURALLY OCCURRING PRODUCTS Example : ginseng  CHEMICAL COPIES Example : creatine monohydrate KEY TERM : Ginseng – a natural extract and one of the oldest sports supplements. It benefits glycogen synthesis (the process of turning glycogen to ATP) and allows an athlete to train and compete for longer and at a higher intensity KEY TERM : Creatine monohydrate – is a powder that is taken with fluids that boosts levels of amino acid, helps maintain energy levels for longer and enhances ATP-PC energy pathway
  • 11.  Techniques such as sports massage and acupuncture  Acupuncture is very controversial as it is not proven to benefit a performer  It involves inserting and manipulating needles into certain points on the body to relieve pain and for therapeutic purposes
  • 12. Include the use of imagery, music and hypnosis KEY TERM : Hypnosis – a wakeful state of focused attention and heightened suggestibility with diminished peripheral awareness.
  • 13. Dietary and nutritional supplements Drugs There are 3 main factors that influence the legality of an ergogenic substance:  Physical Enhance the performance of the athlete  Be detrimental to the athletes health (or potentially lethal)  Conflict with the general spirit of sport.
  • 14. Can you think of any specific times where you have experienced short-term technological preparation? How did this benefit you?