Behaviorism learning theory

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Behaviorism learning theory

  1. 1. Behaviorism Learning Theory<br />By:<br />Michelle Pascale<br />
  2. 2. Behaviorism Learning<br />The Behaviorism Learning Theory is the prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thinking play no essential part in its teaching methods.<br />That is, human learning is based purely on the notion that there is no internal cognitive processing of information.<br />
  3. 3. Major Contributors In Behaviorism<br />Ivan Pavlov<br />Developed the theory of classic conditioning through a behavioral experiment with a dog<br />
  4. 4. Classic Conditioning<br />Classic Conditioning is to the process of introducing a stimulus in hopes of achieving a desired reflex<br />It is a learning process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus<br />
  5. 5. Major Contributors In Behaviorism<br />B. F. Skinner<br />Developed the theory of operant conditioning through experiments made with pigeons<br />
  6. 6. Operant Conditioning<br />Operant Conditioning is the process of introducing a stimulus with the hopes of achieving a desired response<br />It is a learning process that is the result of shaping behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns<br />
  7. 7. Behaviorism In The Classroom<br />Behaviorism can be applied to a classroom quite easily<br />Reward those behaviors that are positive through incentives and encouragement<br />Eliminate those behaviors that are negative through punishment and consequences such as taking something away <br />
  8. 8. Behaviorism And Technology<br />Behaviorism’s positive reinforcement can be found throughout many educational software applications<br />Online learning uses visual and sometimes audio cues to positively reinforce a student when he or she gives a correct answer<br />Negative reinforcement can also be used in the same manner in order for the student when he or she chooses an incorrect answer<br />
  9. 9. Behaviorism In My Classroom<br />In my classroom, I would try to use positive reinforcement to provide my students with an enjoyable learning experience. I would only use negative reinforcements when it is the last option I have to turn to, in order to help my students learn to their fullest ability. Positive reinforcement helps the student to retain their knowledge in a long-term sense, and that is my goal.<br />
  10. 10. Credits<br />http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/a/classcond.htm<br />flowstate.homestead.com/skinner.html<br />http://www.flavinscorner.com/skinnerbird.JPG<br />http://wik.ed.uiuc.edu/index.php/Behaviorism<br />http://radvar.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/thinking-bart.jpg<br />

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