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18th Century: Martin’s Chronology 1700 – 1739 Early 18th c. 1740 – 1769 Middle 18th c. 1770 – End Late 18th c.
Blenheim Palace, 1705 – 24
English Baroque style
Student of Sir Christopher Wren
Commissioned for John Churchill as a reward for his military efforts
One of the largest homes of its time
Richard Boyle, third Earl of Burlington 1695 – 1753
Cheswick House, 1725 – 29
English Baroque style Near London Prevailed in English architecture until 1760 then evolves into classicism Andrea Palladio 16th c. architect English Palladian classicism Had a profound influence on European and American architecture
France: Germain Boffrand
Hotel Soubise (outside)
Salon de la Princesse (inside)
Rococo style French style; not really accepted in England Symmetry Scrolls Naturalistic motif i.e. plants and shells More decorative Exterior was simple, but interiors were overwhelmed with detail
Antoine Watteau 1684 – 1721
Return from Cythera 1717 – 19
Louvre, Paris Rococo style This is one of the greatest “French” painters but was actually Flemish Watteau’s style is a refinement of Peter Paul Ruben Rubenist style painter Color over design and form Colorist
Francois Boucher 1703 – 70
The Bath of Venus, 1751
Boucher’s paintings are more porcelain like unlike Watteau who’s style is more feathery
More concerned with form rather than color
Jean-Honoré Fragonard 1732 – 1806
Wallace Collection, London Rococo style Fragonard is the last artist to end this particular style Rubenist style painter Watteau was a great influence Was considered a erotic and risqué image in its time because women didn’t wear under garments NOTE Artistically, Fragonard is the final segment in a closed circle of aristocratic French like and taught just prior to the revolution. Never did a style end so abruptly as did Rococo.