Grammar: Parts of Speech


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Grammar: Parts of Speech

  1. 1. GRAMMAR From The Magic Lens by Michael Clay Thompson
  2. 2. Grammar is a way of THINKINGabout language.
  3. 3. 4 Levels of Grammar: Parts of speech Parts of a sentence Phrases Clauses
  4. 4. The 8 Parts ofSpeech
  5. 5. Noun Verb PronounAdjective Adverb Preposition Conjunction Interjection
  6. 6. Noun
  7. 7. A noun is a person,place, thing, or idea. place— Rolling Meadows, stadium, beach thing—ball, water, sand idea—happiness, love, freedom
  8. 8. Take the placePronoun of nouns. It, itsHe, him, hisShe, her, hersThey, them, theirs
  9. 9. This, that, these, thoseMyself, yourself, himself,ourselvesWho, whose, whom,which, that
  10. 10. Verb
  11. 11. Action & Linking VerbsAction verbs—indicates somethingthat can be done or performed(“what you do”) run, jump, skip, scream, swimState of being (Linking Verbs) linksthe subject to another word He is cute. He is tall. He is in the room. He=cute; he=tall; he=in the room
  12. 12. More linking verbs…To be Am, is, are, was, were, be, been, beingSeemsFeelsAppears
  13. 13. linking verb or actionverb?Bob ran. Action! He is moving his feet!Bob seems fast. Linking! Bob=fast. Connects the adjective to the noun it describes
  14. 14. linking verb or actionverb?Betty is pretty. Linking! Betty=pretty. Links adjective pretty to Betty. Betty answered thephone. Action! She physically picked up her phone.
  15. 15. Helping VerbsHelp the main verb in a sentence byextending the meaning of the verbForms of Be Forms of Do Forms of Haveam do haveIsare does haswaswere did hadbe, being,been
  16. 16. More Helping Verbs
  17. 17. Describes a noun or pronoun.Adjective Which one? this, that What kind? red, large, sick How many? six, four hundred How much? None, little
  18. 18. Articles are Adjectivesaanthe
  19. 19. Adjectives in ActionShe saw a cute boy at the football game.He had dark hair and blue eyes.
  20. 20. Describes a verb,Adverb an adjective, or another adverb.
  21. 21. Where? Here, there, outsideWhen? Now, then, later, yesterdayHow? Quickly, slowly, stupidlyHow often? Never, twice, sometimesHow long? Hardly, greatly, veryHow much? More, less Adverbs
  22. 22. Adverbs in ActionHe called yesterday.(yesterday tells whenhe called—modifiesverb)
  23. 23. She sang quite loudly.(loudly tells how shesang—modifies verb)(quite tells how loudly—modifies adverb)
  24. 24. The very cute boy e-mailedher.(very tells how cute—modifies adjective)
  25. 25. Conjunctions Link together words, phrases, and clauses.
  26. 26. Coordinating Conjunctions:(co=together) (con=together) (junct=join) and but or, nor, for so yet
  27. 27. Coordinating Conjunctions:F--forA--andN--norB--butO--orY--yetS--so
  28. 28. Subordinating Conjunctions:(sub=under) (con=together) (junct=join) if as since when because
  29. 29. Subordinating Conjunctions:A--asB--beforeB--becauseI --if, If onlyS--sinceA--afterW--whileA--althoughW--when, WheneverU--unlessW--whetherU--until
  30. 30. Subordinating Conjunctions:
  31. 31. Shows the Preposition relationship between its object and another word in the sentence.Don’t end a sentencewith a preposition.
  32. 32. PrepositionsShow time, space, or direction Time : before, during after Space: in, on, beside, around, among Direction: to, from, toward
  33. 33. Prepositions never standalone. They are before theirobject (a noun).He ran over the hill.Over=preposition hill=itsobject ( a noun)Over the hill=prepositional phrase
  34. 34. Prepositions:About Before ConcerningAbove BehindAcross Below DownAfter Beneath DuringAlong BesidesAmid Between ExceptAmong BeyondAround But Forat by from
  35. 35. In Through WithInto Throughout Within In back of To Without In case ofOf Toward In front ofOff Apart from In place ofOn Under As for In spite ofOver Underneath As well as Inside of Until Aside fromPast Unto Because of Up By means ofsince upon Contrary to
  36. 36. Instead ofOut ofTogether withUp atUp toWith regard to
  37. 37. A little word that Interjection expresses a feeling, calls attention, says yes or no, or indicates a pause.Wow! Gee! Yep! Hey! Well, Ah!