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  • Today I will be talking about the safety of ladders.
  • The type one ladder only holds 250 pounds.
  • The type two ladder holds 225 pounds.
  • Type three ladder holds 200 pounds.
  • Before using a ladder you should always check it and place it on a stable surface.
  • Before using a ladder you must use the 1:4 ratio- Place the base of the ladder 1 foot away of whatever it leans against for every 4 feet of height to point where the ladder contacts the top.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Ladders By: Michelle Diamond To: Mr. Sheppard On: Oct 16/09 WorkPlace Safety
    • 2. There are three basic portable ladder types:
      • Type I – Industrial: heavy-duty with a load capacity not more than 250 pounds .
    • 3.
      • Type II – Commercial: medium-duty with a load capacity not more than 225 pounds. (Suited for painting and similar tasks.)
    • 4.
      • Type III – Household: light-duty with a load capacity of 200 pounds.
    • 5. Using a Ladder
      • Make sure the ladder is suited for the type of job you plan to do.
      • Before using a ladder, especially a ladder that has been stored in the garage for a while, inspect it for cracks or broken joints.
      • Place your ladder on a stable, even, flat surface. Never place a ladder on top of another object.
    • 6.
      • Use the 1:4 ratio to ensure a stable working platform. Place the base of the ladder 1 foot away of whatever it leans against for every 4 feet of height to the point where the ladder contacts at the top (see graphic).
      • When using an A-frame stepladder, make sure the brace is locked in place.
    • 7.
      • If climbing onto another surface, make sure the ladder extends at least three feet past the platform you're climbing onto.
      • Secure tall ladders by lashing or fastening the ladder to prevent movement.
      • Always face the ladder when climbing or descending.
      • Keep both feet on the ladder - never put one foot on a rung and the other foot on a different surface.
      • Do not climb higher than the second rung on stepladders or the third rung on straight or extension ladders.
    • 8.
      • Never stand on the top or the paint shelf of a stepladder.
      • Keep your belt buckle (if you have one) positioned between the rungs so it doesn't catch.
      • Never leave ladders unattended - kids love them.
      • When working with electricity, use a ladder made of wood or fiberglass.
    • 9. Ladder Maintenance
      • Ladders should be inspected once every three (3) months and a record of said inspections should be kept on file for future reference.
      • Untreated wooden ladders should be stored in dry areas to prevent moisture or water absorption. When transported on a vehicle, ladders should be properly secured and supported.
      • Ladders constructed from fibreglass should be cleaned and sprayed lightly with a clear or pigmented lacquer or paste wax once every three (3) months.
    • 10.
      • Check all ladder hardware, nuts, bolts, spreaders, etc. for tightness and good repair.
      • Examine and replace worn or frayed ropes or extension ladders.
      • Do not attempt to straighten, or allow to remain in use, a bent or bowed ladder.
    • 11. What not to do with ladders