Ladders

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  • Today I will be talking about the safety of ladders.
  • The type one ladder only holds 250 pounds.
  • The type two ladder holds 225 pounds.
  • Type three ladder holds 200 pounds.
  • Before using a ladder you should always check it and place it on a stable surface.
  • Before using a ladder you must use the 1:4 ratio- Place the base of the ladder 1 foot away of whatever it leans against for every 4 feet of height to point where the ladder contacts the top.
  • Ladders

    1. 1. Ladders By: Michelle Diamond To: Mr. Sheppard On: Oct 16/09 WorkPlace Safety
    2. 2. There are three basic portable ladder types: <ul><li>Type I – Industrial: heavy-duty with a load capacity not more than 250 pounds . </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Type II – Commercial: medium-duty with a load capacity not more than 225 pounds. (Suited for painting and similar tasks.) </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Type III – Household: light-duty with a load capacity of 200 pounds. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Using a Ladder <ul><li>Make sure the ladder is suited for the type of job you plan to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Before using a ladder, especially a ladder that has been stored in the garage for a while, inspect it for cracks or broken joints. </li></ul><ul><li>Place your ladder on a stable, even, flat surface. Never place a ladder on top of another object. </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Use the 1:4 ratio to ensure a stable working platform. Place the base of the ladder 1 foot away of whatever it leans against for every 4 feet of height to the point where the ladder contacts at the top (see graphic). </li></ul><ul><li>When using an A-frame stepladder, make sure the brace is locked in place. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>If climbing onto another surface, make sure the ladder extends at least three feet past the platform you're climbing onto. </li></ul><ul><li>Secure tall ladders by lashing or fastening the ladder to prevent movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Always face the ladder when climbing or descending. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep both feet on the ladder - never put one foot on a rung and the other foot on a different surface. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not climb higher than the second rung on stepladders or the third rung on straight or extension ladders. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Never stand on the top or the paint shelf of a stepladder. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your belt buckle (if you have one) positioned between the rungs so it doesn't catch. </li></ul><ul><li>Never leave ladders unattended - kids love them. </li></ul><ul><li>When working with electricity, use a ladder made of wood or fiberglass. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Ladder Maintenance <ul><li>Ladders should be inspected once every three (3) months and a record of said inspections should be kept on file for future reference. </li></ul><ul><li>Untreated wooden ladders should be stored in dry areas to prevent moisture or water absorption. When transported on a vehicle, ladders should be properly secured and supported. </li></ul><ul><li>Ladders constructed from fibreglass should be cleaned and sprayed lightly with a clear or pigmented lacquer or paste wax once every three (3) months. </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Check all ladder hardware, nuts, bolts, spreaders, etc. for tightness and good repair. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine and replace worn or frayed ropes or extension ladders. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not attempt to straighten, or allow to remain in use, a bent or bowed ladder. </li></ul>
    11. 11. What not to do with ladders

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