• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Black Plague
 

Black Plague

on

  • 1,641 views

English Project

English Project

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,641
Views on SlideShare
1,640
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Black Plague Black Plague Presentation Transcript

    • Intro To Black Death
      • Unleashed a rampage of death across Europe
      • Lasted three years
      • 25 to 50 percent of Europe’s population had fallen victim to pestilence
      • www.eyewitnesstohistory.com
      • By: Michelle
    • Forms of Black Death
      • Bubonic Plague (infection of the lymph glands)
      • Septicemia Plague (infection of the blood)
      • Pneumonic Plague ( infection of the lungs)
      • Pneumonic Plague can spread from person to person
      • www.dhpe.org/infect/plague.html
      • By:Michelle
    • Causes of Black Death
      • Bites from infected fleas
      • By direct contact with the tissue or body fluids of plague infected animals
      • By inhaling infectious airborne droplets from persons or animals with the plague
      • Chapple, Mike."Could we survive Plague? The Black Death Decimated Europe in the Middle Ages and a New Epidemic Is Closer Than We Think." Daily Post 1 Sept. 2004.[Liverpool, England].Print.
      • By: Michelle
    • Prevention of Black Death
      • Controlling rodent fleas
      • Educating the public
      • Contacting the medical community in places where plague occurs
      • Barnett, Anthony. The Story of Rats: Their Impact on Us, and Our Impact on Them. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin. 2001. Print.
      • By: Michelle
    • Black Death in 1348
      • Coming out of the East, the Black Death reached the shores of Italy in the Spring of 1348
      • Men, women, and children caught in it’s onslaught were bewildered, panicked and finally devastated.
      • They had no defense, and no understanding of the cause of the pestilence
      • Benedictow, Ole J. "The Black Death: The Greatest Catastrophe Ever." History Today Mar. 2005. Print.
      • By: Michelle
    • Information about Black Plague
      • Bacterial Disease
      • Spread by rodents and infected fleas
      • Caught by humans and other animals who were bitten by infected fleas
      • Defoe,Daniel. A Journal of the Plague Year. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print
      • By: Michelle
    • Historical Timing of Black Plague
      • The arrival of the Mongols and the Ottomans had disrupted trade routes
      • Certain areas of Europe were edging into depression
      • Climate was changing, with cooler and wetter weather creating lower crop yields
      • Population was increasing
      • The Church was in poor shape
      • The Hundred Years’ War added to the plague and famine
      • Difficulties created by war and a constricted economy were exacerbated by the Black Death
      • Encyclopedia article; Plague. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. New York. 2009
      • By: Michelle
    • Is The Children’s Game Lyrics really referring to the Black Death in 1348?
      • Ring around the Rosy: One of the first visible signs of the infection were red rings surrounding a rosy bump, all over the victims body
      • Pockets full of Posy: The plague created “foul air” so carrying flowers helped them deal with the smell of death
      • Ashes, Ashes: This is referring to all the ashes in the air, after they had burned hundreds of dead bodies
      • We all fall down: This means that they too will eventually die of the plague
            • Holmes, George. The Later Middle Ages, 1272-1485. Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1962.iii.Print.
      • By: Michelle
    • Symptoms of Black Death
      • Symptoms occurred between 2 to 6 days
      • Hard, painful, burning lumps, on neck, underarms, and inner thighs
      • Lumps soon turned black, split open, and began to ooze blood
      • The average people who caught this disease died within a week
      • The ill would start to smell utterly revolting
      • Plague Facts.2005.Web.2 Dec. 2009.< www.dhpe.org/infect/plague.html >.
      • By: Michelle
    • Black Death in Relationship to William Shakespeare
      • William Shakespeare lost, brothers, sisters, close friends, and fellow actors
      • William Shakespeare lived in the Elizabethan Era, the same time when the Plague stated
      • Theaters often closed due to the pestilence
      • Actors and writers would leave London to try to escape the Plague
      • The Black Death, 1348 Ibis, 2001. Web. 3, Dec. 2009.< http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/plague.htm >.
      • By: Michelle
    • Work Cited
      • Chapple, Mike.&quot;Could we survive Plague? The Black Death Decimated Europe in the Middle Ages and a New Epidemic Is Closer Than We Think.&quot; Daily Post 1 Sept. 2004.[Liverpool, England].Print.
      • Barnett, Anthony. The Story of Rats: Their Impact on Us, and Our Impact on Them. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin. 2001. Print.
      • Benedictow, Ole J. &quot;The Black Death: The Greatest Catastrophe Ever.&quot; History Today Mar. 2005. Print.
      • Defoe,Daniel. A Journal of the Plague Year. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print.
      • Encyclopedia article; Plague. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. New York. 2009.
      • Holmes, George. The Later Middle Ages, 1272-1485. Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1962.iii.Print.
      • Plague Facts.2005.Web.2 Dec. 2009.< www.dhpe.org/infect/plague.html >.
      • Totaro, Rebecca.&quot;English Plague and New World Promise.&quot; Utopian Studies 10 (1999). Print.
      • The Black Death, 1348 Ibis, 2001. Web. 3, Dec. 2009.< http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/plague.htm >.
    • Alchemy
      • A medieval philosophy and early form of chemistry
      • Aims were the transmutation of base metals into gold, the discovery of a cure for all diseases, and the preparation of a potion that gives external youth
      • The imagined substance was capable of turning other metals into gold was called the philosopher’s stone
      • Alchemy. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition: Columbia Universtiy Press.New
      • York.2009.Print.
      • By: Carlos
    • Definition of Alchemy
      • A medieval chemical philosophy having as it’s asserted aims the transmutation of base metals into gold, the discovery of the panacea, and the preparation of the elixir of longevity
      • A seemingly magical power or process of transmuting
      • The hypothetical substance sought by alchemists that was believed to transform base metals into gold and give eternal life
      • www.thefreedictionary.com/alchemy
      • By: Carlos
    • Practitioners of Alchemy
      • Their goals were so unrealistic, and because they had trouble achieving them, people in the Middle Ages gave them the reputation of fakers and con artists
      • While they never succeeded in turning lead into gold (one of their main goals), they did make discoveries that helped to shape modern chemistry
      • Alchemists invented early forms of some of the laboratory equipment used today, including beakers, crucibles, filters and stirring rods. Alchemy In the Middle Ages.2009.Web.2 Dec. 2009.
      • <www.historymedren.about.com/od/alchemy/Alchemy_in_the _Middle_Ages.htm>.
      • By: Carlos
    • Alchemists
      • They discovered and purified a number of chemical elements, including mercury, sulfur, and arsenic
      • The methods they developed are still important today
      • They were one of the first people to have discovered chemical elements
      • Alchemy.The Free Dictionary Farlex, 2009. Web. 4 Dec. 2009. < http://www.thefreedictionary.com/alchemy >.
      • By: Carlos
    • Alchemy in the Middle Ages
      • Alchemy in the Middle Ages was a mixture of scicence, philosophy, and mysticism.
      • Far from operating within modern definitions of a scientific discipline, medieval alchemists approached their craft with a holistic attitude.
      • They believed that purity of mind, body, and sprit was necessary to pursue the alchemical quest successfully.
      • Henderson, Joesph L, and Dyane N. Sherwood, Transformation of the Psyche: The Symbolic Alchemy. London: Brunner-Routledge,2003.Print.
      • By: Carlos
    • Beliefs of Alchemists
      • At the heart of medieval alchemy was the idea that all matter was composed of four elements: earth, air, fire, and water
      • With the right combination of elements on earth it was theorized that any substance might be formed.
      • Alchemists believed that the “transmutation” of one substance into another was possible
      • Osler, Margaret J. &quot;Atoms and Alchemy; Chemsitry and the Experimental Origins of Scientific Revolution.&quot; Journal of History 42 (2007).Print.
      • By: Carlos
    • Symbols of Alchemy
      • Medieval alchemy was much as an art as a science
      • Probationers preserved their secrets
      • With an obfuscating system of symbols and mysterious names for the materials they studied, they kept their studies undercover
      • Read, John.Prelude to Chemistry: An Outline Of Alchemy, It's Literature and Relationships.New York: Macmilan, 1937.Print.
      • By: Carlos
    • Origins and history of alchemy
      • Alchemy originated in ancient times, evolving independently in china, India, and Greece
      • In all these areas the practice ultimately degenerated into superstition, but it migrated to Egypt and survived as a scholarly discipline
      • By the 13 th century it was discussed seriously by leading philosophers, scientists, and theologians.
      • Salant, Nathan S. The Mystery of Human Relationship: Alchemy and the Transformation of the Self.London:Routledge,1998.Print.
      • By: Carlos
    • Goals
      • To discover the relationship of man to the cosmos and take advantage of that relationship to the betterment to mankind.
      • To find the “philosopher’s stone,” an elusive substance that was believed to make possible the creation of an elixir of immortality and the transmutation of common substances into gold.
      • In the later middle ages, to use alchemy as a tool in advancement of medicine
      • Slessor, Catherine.&quot;Alchemy and Invention.&quot; The Architectural Review Oct. 1998.Print.
      • By: Carlos
    • Achievements
      • Medieval alchemists produced hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, potash and sodium carbonate.
      • Thought their experiments, medieval alchemists invented and developed laboratory devices and procedures that are, in modified form, still used today
      • The practice of alchemy laid the foundation for the development f chemistry as a scientific discipline
      • Alchemy In the Middle Ages.2009.Web.2 Dec. 2009. <www.historymedren.about.com/od/alchemy/Alchemy_in_the _Middle_Ages.htm>.
      • By: Carlos
    • Work Cited
      • Alchemy. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition: Columbia Universtiy Press.New York.2009.Print.
      • Alchemy In the Middle Ages.2009.Web.2 Dec. 2009. <www.historymedren.about.com/od/alchemy/Alchemy_in_the _Middle_Ages.htm>.
      • Alchemy.The Free Dictionary Farlex, 2009. Web. 4 Dec. 2009. < http://www.thefreedictionary.com/alchemy >.
      • Henderson, Joesph L, and Dyane N. Sherwood, Transformation of the Psyche: The Symbolic Alchemy. London: Brunner-Routledge,2003.Print.
      • Osler, Margaret J. &quot;Atoms and Alchemy; Chemsitry and the Experimental Origins of Scientific Revolution.&quot; Journal of History 42 (2007).Print.
      • Read, John.Prelude to Chemistry: An Outline Of Alchemy, It's Literature and Relationships.New York: Macmilan, 1937.Print.
      • Salant, Nathan S. The Mystery of Human Relationship: Alchemy and the Transformation of the Self.London:Routledge,1998.Print.
      • Slessor, Catherine.&quot;Alchemy and Invention.&quot; The Architectural Review Oct. 1998.Print.