Fire as a Natural Hazard

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A presentation by NFPA's Hylton Haynes to the Boston Public Safety Group on May 10, 2012. References include an image from the BioMap2 report by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and The Nature …

A presentation by NFPA's Hylton Haynes to the Boston Public Safety Group on May 10, 2012. References include an image from the BioMap2 report by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and The Nature Conservancy

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  • NFPA Research & Analysis report – Mart Aherns, NFIRS Brush, Grass & Forest Fires data 2004-2008
  • Thursday April 19th, Brush Fire Wooded Area near Trenton Road in Dedham 50-100 acres Neponset River Reservation.
  • Average summer heat indices under 2 emission scenarios, Union of Concerned Scientists, 2007Audobon, Trustees of Reservation, Arnold Arboreteum etc.Pitch Pine scrub oak ecosystem – certainly is a fire adapted ecosystem.
  • 745 active communities in 40 states; Residents are accepting their role in mitigating wildfire hazards> 1.2 million people;Communities have invested $103 million+ since 2003,213 sites involved 5+ years

Transcript

  • 1. Fire as a Natural Hazard Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 2. Topics• NFPA• Wildland Fire Basics• Call For Action• Wildland Urban/Interface• Challenges/Strategies• Firewise® Program Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 3. National FireProtection Association • Non-profit life safety codes and standards organization - 501(c)3 • Founded 115 years ago • 70,000+ members worldwide • 300+ consensus codes and standards documents Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 4. Wildland Fire Basics FUEL Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 5. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 6. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 7. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 8. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 9. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 10. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 11. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 12. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 13. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 14. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 15. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 16. Peak Fire SeasonsHylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 17. 1985 Wildfires – A Call to Action 1,400 homes lost! 400 in ONE day! Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 18. National Wildland Fire Facts• 44 million homes wildland-urban interface• $308 million in losses each year municipal jurisdictions• 356,800 fire/year• 23% of all fires reported by local F.D.• Frequency of fire incidents greater in the east versus the west Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 19. Wildland/Urban Interface (WUI)• Not a place or a zone• A set of conditions under which awildland fire reaches beyond trees, brush,and other natural fuels to ignite homes andtheir immediate surroundings. Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 20. Wildland/Urban Interface (WUI)• We may not recognize it, but many of us live in it! Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 21. NFPA & WUI• Wildfire safety standards date back to the 1920s• Modern involvement in “the WUI” came 25 years ago Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 22. Inferno by the sea: Residents still recall 1941’s Great Fire that wiped out a Marshfield neighborhoodBy SARAH COFFEYThe Patriot LedgerMARSHFIELD – To one young child, “It looked like the whole world was on fire.”Other Marshfield residents vividly recall narrow escapes, exploding beer cans, burned firetrucksand a massive casino consumed in a fireball.Marshfield’s Great Fire of 1941 wiped out the entire Ocean Bluff section of town on April 21.Within four hours, it burned 446 homes, 96 garages, 12 stores, two hotels, a post office, a churchand the casino, leaving behind just brick chimneys and concrete steps. Damage was estimated at$1.5 million, more than a fifth of the town’s assessed value.Thirty families were left homeless, escaping only with the clothes on their backs. No one died.Hundreds of firefighters from dozens of area departments fought the fire, but only a few wereinjured. Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 23. Boston?Well maybe not,but pretty close. Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 24. Challenges• Climate Change• Fire is a part of the ecosystem• Open Spaces• Multiple Jurisdictions• Smoke• Access• Mulch Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 25. Strategies• Firewise® Program• Ready, Set, Go Program• CERT Program• Community Wildland Protection Plan• Fire Adapted Communities®• WUI Regulation Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 26. What is Firewise?• A cooperative program (NFPA, USFS, DOI, NASF)• Specifically focused on WUI residents• Community based voluntary action• Promotes science-based fire safety principles Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 27. Firewise Strategies: Home Ignition Zone• The Home Ignition Zone includes the home, in addition to its immediate surroundings up to 200 feet. If it’s attached to the house, it’s part of the house. Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 28. Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 29. Mulch• Mass. DFS press release says Massachusetts had — 184 fires in past five years that spread to buildings — $5 million loss in a sprinklered apartment building• In homes outside of high-risk areas, keep at least18 inches between mulch beds and buildingmaterials• Plant growth requirements depth 1” versus 3-4” Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 30. Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 31. Firewise Communities/USA® Recognition Program Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 32. Firewise Products/ ResourcesFree Firewise Materials on NFPA Catalog: with FREE shipping! Hylton Haynes, CF | Pala, CA – March 21, 2012
  • 33. Local ContactDavid Celino, Chief, Bureau of Forest Fire Control Massachusetts Dept of Conservation and Recreation 251 Causeway Street, Suite 600 Boston, MA 02114 Phone: 508-326-2403 david.celino@state.ma.us Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012
  • 34. THANK YOU!Michele Steinberg – msteinberg@nfpa.org Hylton Haynes – hhaynes@nfpa.org Heidi Wagner – firewiseheidi@nfpa.org www.firewise.org | www.nfpa.org Hylton Haynes, CF| MAPC – Boston Hazard Mitigation Planning Meeting, May 10, 2012