Grammar book
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Grammar book Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Grammar Book
    Miguel Hodges
  • 2. Table of contents
    Content Slide number
    Present –ar, -er, -ir endings 1-2
    Stem changers 3
    Irregular “yo” 4
    Saber vs. Conocer 5
    Reflexives 6
    “Se” impersonal 7
    Dipthongs with accents 8
    Verbs like -ger/-gir, -uir/-guir, -cer/-cir 9
    Hace +____+ que +______ 10
    Imperfecto 11
  • 3. Present Tense –ar/-er/-ir
    In the present tense for verbs ending in –ar
    In the present tense for verbs ending in -er
  • 4. Present Tense –ar/-er/-ir cont’d
    In the present tense for verbs ending in -ir
  • 5. Stem Changers
    Also called “Boot verbs” it changes in all but nosotros.
    More than just the ending changes. The vowel in the stem changes.
    3 catergories. eie, o ue, and ei.
    Common e ie verbs- Tener, Preferir
    Common oue verbs- Dormir, Poder, Jugar
    *Common ei verbs- Decir, Repetir, Servir.
    * This stem change only happens in –Ir verbs!
  • 6. Irregular “yo” Form
    caber (to fit) yoquepo
    caer (to fall) yocaigo
    conducir (to drive) yoconduzco
    conocer (to know,) yoconozco
    escoger (to choose )yoescojo
    dirigir (to direct) yodirijo
    hacer (to do, to make) yohago
    poner (to put, to place)yopongo
    saber (to know something - a fact)yosé
    salir (to leave)yosalgo
    seguir (to follow)yosigo
    traer (to bring)yotraigo
    valer (to be worth)yovalgo
    ver (to see)yoveo
  • 7. Saber vs. Conocer
    When using saber it mean that you know a fact or how to do something.
    When using conocer it means you know a person or are familiar with something.
  • 8. Reflexives
    When refering to a person doing an action.
  • 9. “Se” impersonal
    When using an impersonal voice like “How do you spell truck?” in Spanish you place “se” in front to make it a general statements.
  • 10. Dipthongs with accents
    Ask about?
  • 11. Verbs like Ger/gir, Uir/Guir, Cer/cir
    For verbs that end in ger/gir, In the first person change the g to a j.
    In guir verbs, in the yo form the gu changes to g.
    In uir verbs add a y before a, e and, o.
    For cer/cir verbs, in the yo form, change the c to a z.
  • 12. Hace+ ______+que+_____
    The second blank is to be filled with a verb in either the present or preterite form.
  • 13. Imperfecto
    A past tense form for events without a specific time.
    For –ar endings
    For –er/-ir endings