Code of Chivalry Hayle Reid and Michael HodgesPresentation Transcript
CODE OF CHIVALRYBy: Michael Hodges & Hayle Reid2nd
DEFINITION plural chiv·al·ries Definition of CHIVALRY 1 : mounted men-at-arms 2 archaic a : martial valor b : knightly skill 3 : gallant or distinguished gentlemen 4 : the system, spirit, or customs of medieval knighthood 5 : the qualities of the ideal knight : chivalrous conduct See chivalry defined for English-language learners » See chivalry defined for kids » Examples of CHIVALRY the knights code of chivalry He paid her fare as an act of chivalry . Origin of CHIVALRYMiddle English chivalrie, from Anglo-French chevalerie, from chevaler knight — more at chevalier First Known Use: 14th century Other History Terms agonistic, carpetbagger, enceinte, fief, historiography, paladin
KNIGHTS AND THEIR CODES There is a Knight code of Chivalry and there is a Castles Code Morals is the key term to the definition of Chivalry. It was a high set ofmorals that gave these knights and their codes of chivalry their famous name.
SONGS The Song The Song of Roland, sings the documented respect and ways of Chivalry.I CLXXXVII King Marsilies, fleeing toCharles the King, our Lord and Sovereign, Sarraguce, Dismounted there beneath anFull seven years hath sojourned in Spain, olive cool; His sword and sark and helmConquered the land, and won the western main, XCVI And Gerins strikes Malprimis of Brigal So aside he put, On the green grass lay downNow no fortress against him doth remain, his good shield is nothing worth at all, Shatters the in shame and gloom; For his right handNo city walls are left for him to gain, boss, was fashioned of crystal, One half of it he’d lost, ‘twas clean cut through; SuchSave Sarraguce, that sits on high mountain. downward to earth flies off; Right to the flesh has blood he’d shed, in anguish keen heMarsile its King, who feareth not God’s name, through his hauberk torn, On his good spear he swooned. Before his face his ladyMahumet’s man, he invokes Apollin’s aid, has the carcass caught. And with one blow that Bramimunde Bewailed and cried, with veryNor wards off ills that shall to him attain……. pagan downward falls; The soul of him Satan bitter rue; Twenty thousand and more away hath borne…….. around him stood, All of them cursed Carlun and France the Douce. Then Apollin in’s grotto they surround, And threaten him, and ugly words pronounce: "Such shame on us, vile god!, why bringest thou? This is our king; wherefore dost him confound? Who served thee oft, ill recompense hath found." Then they take off his sceptre and his crown, With their hands hang him from a column down, Among their feet trample him on the ground, With great cudgels they batter him and trounce. From Tervagant his carbuncle they impound, And Mahumet into a ditch fling out, Where swine and dogs defile him and devour……..
THE CODE To fear God and maintain His Church To serve the liege lord in valour and faith To protect the weak and defenceless To give succour to widows and orphans To refrain from the wanton giving of offence To live by honour and for glory To despise pecuniary reward To fight for the welfare of all To obey those placed in authority To guard the honour of fellow knights To eschew unfairness, meanness and deceit To keep faith At all times to speak the truth To persevere to the end in any enterprise begun To respect the honour of women Never to refuse a challenge from an equal Never to turn the back upon a foe
CHRISTIANITY INFLUENCEChristianity also influenced chivalry through the Crusades. The Crusades were military expeditions undertaken by Christian knights to recapture from Muslim control the holy places of pilgrimage in Palestine, or the Holy Land.Although many knights enlisted in search of financial gain, military glory, and adventure, many were also moved by genuine religious enthusiasm. This enthusiasm was reflected in the founding of the military religious orders-theKnights Templar, the Teutonic Knights, and the Hospitalers. The members of these orders took religious vows and shared a common vision of recapturingthe Holy Land for Christianity. They believed that knighthood could be a holy form of life when used for Christian purposes. These orders helped infuse chivalry with religious idealism.
TODAY’S CHIVALRY Essential elements of today’s code of chivalry All of a knights virtues were symbolized by the equipment he used, and perhaps nothing was more symbolic than the knights spurs. The spurs represented courage, and when a young man was knighted, it wassometimes said he had "won his spurs." (The spur pictured belonged to a German knight of the 16th century.) Although we often refer to the “code of chivalry,” in truth, there was no such thing as a uniform code of knightly behavior and attitude in the Middle Ages.(And if you’ve read some version of a “true code of chivalry” on the Net or in a book somewhere, rest assured it was written sometime long after the Age of Chivalry was past.) Many people — from successful knights to contemplativephilosophers — compiled lists of virtuous qualities, called the “kinightly virtus,” which they felt defined chivalry. No two were exactly the same. There were, however, several common themes found in these lists of knightly virtues. By combining these, we have created what we consider to be the seven knightly virtues of the modern code of chivalry:
TODAY’S CODE OF CHIVALRY : Courage More than bravado or bluster, today’s knight in shining armor must have the courage of the heart necessary to undertake tasks which are difficult, tedious or unglamorous, and to graciously accept the sacrifices involved. Justice A knight in shining armor holds him- or herself to the highest standard of behavior, and knows that “fudging” on the little rules weakens the fabric of society for everyone. Mercy Words and attitudes can be painful weapons in the modern world, which is why aknight in shining armor exercises mercy in his or her dealings with others, creating a sense of peace and community, rather than engendering hostility and antagonism.
CONTINUATION Generosity Sharing what’s valuable in life means not just giving away material goods, but also time, attention, wisdom and energy — the things that create a strong, rich and diverse community. FaithIn the code of chivalry, “faith” means trust and integrity, and a knight in shining armor is always faithful to his or her promises, no matter how big or small they may be. NobilityAlthough this word is sometimes confused with “entitlement” or “snobbishness,” in the code of chivalry it conveys the importance of upholding one’s convictions at all times, especially when no one else is watching. Hope More than just a safety net in times of tragedy, hope is present every day in a modernknight’s positive outlook and cheerful demeanor — the shining armor that shields him or her, and inspires people all around.