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Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
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Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?

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Levine-Clark, Michael, “Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?,” Invited. Oxford University Press Library Advisory Group, Oxford, May 25, 2012

Levine-Clark, Michael, “Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?,” Invited. Oxford University Press Library Advisory Group, Oxford, May 25, 2012

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  • 1. Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal? Oxford University Press LAG Oxford May 25, 2012 Michael Levine-Clark University of Denver
  • 2. Journals – Current Landscape Big deals supplemented by Single-title subscriptions supplemented by Article-level acquisition  On the margins  ILL  PDF purchase
  • 3. The Big Deal Cost effective  Incredible deals for University of Denver Lots of bang for the buck  Access to many more titles than possible with title-by-title selection Probably not sustainable with current academic library budgets
  • 4. The Journal Inflation Problem80.0%70.0%60.0%50.0%40.0%30.0% Recurring Non-Recurring20.0%10.0%0.0% FY FY FY FY FY FY 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 (est)
  • 5. Journal Costs – University of Denver Aggregators ILL $123,330 $11,402 5% 0% Journal Individual Packages Journals $1,352,598 $1,144,582 51% 44%
  • 6. Titles Available – By Source ILL Journal 2,902 0 Packages 5% 0% 10,145 16% Individual Journals 1,542 2% Aggregators 49,117 77%
  • 7. Cost Per Journal Title$800.00 $742.27$700.00$600.00$500.00$400.00$300.00$200.00 $133.33$100.00 $2.51 $3.93 $0.00 Journal Individual Titles Aggregators ILL Packages
  • 8. Cost Per Use (Article)$5.00 $4.70$4.50$4.00$3.50$3.00$2.50$2.00 $1.83$1.50$1.00$0.50 $0.26$0.00 Journal Individual Titles Aggregators ILL Packages
  • 9. Cost Per Use (Article)$45.00 $41.54$40.00$35.00$30.00$25.00$20.00$15.00$10.00 $4.70 $5.00 $1.83 $0.26 $0.00 Journal Individual Aggregators ILL ILL Copyright Packages Titles
  • 10. How Do You Replace the Big Deal?
  • 11. Journal vs. Article In electronic environment, the article is what matters  The unit most people want  (Relatively) affordable per item  Easily discoverable
  • 12. Replacing the Big Deal Medium or small deals More title-by-title selection Unmediated article-level purchase
  • 13. Why DDA is Ideal for Books High cost per use (but cheap unit cost) Low overall use  As percentage of collection (40% not used)  Per item (most only used 1-2 times) High publishing output  ~1 million titles annually (UNESCO)
  • 14. Articles (Why DDA May Not Be Ideal) Low cost per use (but generally expensive absolutely) High overall use Smaller publishing universe (but still impossible to get it all)  ~350,000 titles (EBSCO)
  • 15. Current Options Expensive PDF lease  $30+ per article  Print/download  Given to end user  Nothing for library  Nothing for next user  Works well for marginal material – not enough demand to warrant a subscription
  • 16. Current Options Read-only short-term loan  Cambridge University Press model  Low cost ($5.99) in line with normal cost per use  24-hour access  No download/print  Another use = another payment  Might work for core material – but limited utility
  • 17. A Goal: Replace Big Deal – Similar Access Level for Similar Spend
  • 18. Replace Big Deal Benefit libraries  Access to wider range of journals/articles  Greater budgetary flexibility Benefit publishers  Maintain most revenue in face of stagnant/shrinking library budgets  Maintain viability of journals  Increase access to journals (beyond core) Benefit both  Move from journal to article
  • 19. Possible Models Expensive PDF purchase  $30+ per article  Print/download  Full-text access on publisher site  Available to next user  Potentially lower cost per use
  • 20. Possible Models Cheaper short-term loan  $1.99  Print/download  Single user with expiration
  • 21. Possible Models - Requirements Need a sustainable price Need a cap  At some point the library owns the article (or journal) Do publishers need a guarantee, or do we assume that good content will be acquired?
  • 22. Thank You

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