Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal?
Article-Level Acquisition: An Alternative to the Big Deal? Oxford University Press LAG Oxford May 25, 2012 Michael Levine-Clark University of Denver
Journals – Current Landscape Big deals supplemented by Single-title subscriptions supplemented by Article-level acquisition On the margins ILL PDF purchase
The Big Deal Cost effective Incredible deals for University of Denver Lots of bang for the buck Access to many more titles than possible with title-by-title selection Probably not sustainable with current academic library budgets
Journal vs. Article In electronic environment, the article is what matters The unit most people want (Relatively) affordable per item Easily discoverable
Replacing the Big Deal Medium or small deals More title-by-title selection Unmediated article-level purchase
Why DDA is Ideal for Books High cost per use (but cheap unit cost) Low overall use As percentage of collection (40% not used) Per item (most only used 1-2 times) High publishing output ~1 million titles annually (UNESCO)
Articles (Why DDA May Not Be Ideal) Low cost per use (but generally expensive absolutely) High overall use Smaller publishing universe (but still impossible to get it all) ~350,000 titles (EBSCO)
Current Options Expensive PDF lease $30+ per article Print/download Given to end user Nothing for library Nothing for next user Works well for marginal material – not enough demand to warrant a subscription
Current Options Read-only short-term loan Cambridge University Press model Low cost ($5.99) in line with normal cost per use 24-hour access No download/print Another use = another payment Might work for core material – but limited utility
A Goal: Replace Big Deal – Similar Access Level for Similar Spend
Replace Big Deal Benefit libraries Access to wider range of journals/articles Greater budgetary flexibility Benefit publishers Maintain most revenue in face of stagnant/shrinking library budgets Maintain viability of journals Increase access to journals (beyond core) Benefit both Move from journal to article
Possible Models Expensive PDF purchase $30+ per article Print/download Full-text access on publisher site Available to next user Potentially lower cost per use
Possible Models Cheaper short-term loan $1.99 Print/download Single user with expiration
Possible Models - Requirements Need a sustainable price Need a cap At some point the library owns the article (or journal) Do publishers need a guarantee, or do we assume that good content will be acquired?