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Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
Struggle & Survival: Spain
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Struggle & Survival: Spain


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  • 1. Struggle & Survival Spain Michael Huey
  • 2. Diego Vasicuio
    • Peru colonization by the Spaniards
    • Spaniards wanted to instill catholic practices and traditions to the native people of Peru
    • Vasicuio was a known widely as the native Priest of Salamanca, Peru
    • Follower of the Sorimana idol, and encouraged other followers in rituals.
    • Later accused of a heretic and brought before Father Prado
  • 3. Martin Ocelotl
    • 1496 – 1537
    • Born into a merchant family in Mexico
    • Converted to Catholicism at the age of twenty-nine, but still practiced old traditions.
    • At the time of the Spanish inquisition, Ocelotl decided to fully devote himself to Catholicism for own protection.
    • Brought to trial before the Spanish Inquisition on crimes of witchcraft and predictions.
  • 4. Juan de Morga & Gertrudis de Escobar
    • Both were rebellious slaves in Mexico,
    • Gertrudis Escobar was a slave that frequently tried to escape but failed at every attempt.
    • Was often beaten and punished
    • Juan Morga was literate, able to read and write.
    • Was owned by a brutal master.
    • Struggled for freedom and survival.
  • 5. Isabel Moctezuma
    • 1509-1550
    • Daughter of Moctezuma II, an Aztec ruler who was killed by Hernan Cortes during the Spanish Conquest.
    • Conversion to Christianity led Isabel to give generous tithes to those who needed it.
    • Married many Spanish men and gave birth to a lot of children, including Cortes’s daughter.
  • 6. Beatriz de Padilla
    • Was branded as a mulatto, meaning having both a white and black parent.
    • Was accused and brought to trial on the charges of witchcraft and murder of Spanish people, including a priest.
    • Believed that a woman of Beatriz de Padilla’s background could not have attracted men without the use of “magic”.
    • It turned out that Beatriz de Padilla was in love with the priest that she was accused of killing.
    • Was later clear of all charges.
  • 7. Miguel Hernandez
    • Mulatto citizen, was also able to read and write.
    • Most notably known for his business skills and travels
    • Known as the Master of the Mule Trains, originating a goods transport market.
  • 8. Enrico Martinez
    • Martinez was a highly educated and respected man, acting as an astronomer for the royal family and interpreter for the Spanish Inquisition.
    • Went to work on a canal, but was responsible for failure after a heavy rainstorm that lead to a massive flood.
    • Although he was trained as an engineer, it was believed that failure on his canal was due to a lack of knowledge.
  • 9. Tula
    • One of Mexico’s greatest cities in the ninth and tenth centuries.
    • Earliest people of the Aztec tribe.
    • Migration to other parts of Mexico, but still kept the same heritage. As a result, conflicts broke out, which resulted into small wars.
    • A proud culture of early Aztecs, known for their architecture, writing, and art.
  • 10. Empire Bulders
    • Moctezuma I, a strong, mighty warrior, rose to power of the Aztec nation.
    • Dubbed as the father of the Aztec empire.
    • Conquered other nations to expand and to prevent own empire from being annihilated.
    • Prisoners of war were brought to Monctezuma’s empire to appease the gods as human sacrifices.
  • 11. The Aztecs, Conquering Heroes
    • Triple Alliance appointed many rulers all throughout Aztec Empire through arms and politics.
    • Human sacrifice was a practice, not invented by Aztec tribes, but from a tradition performed a thousand years ago.
    • Believed that blood of human sacrifices was the “holy water” to please the gods.
    • Montezuma II rose to absolute power in 1503. This stirred up unrest and lead to rebellions.
    • Great Tenochtitlan became the center of the Mexican world.
  • 12. The Arrival of the White Man
    • Spanish expedition to the new world resulted in Hernan Cortes landing in Mexico, right in the midst of the Aztec Empire.
    • Cortes and Spanish motivation: expansion of wealth, promotion of the Christian faith, and power growth.
    • Aztecs attempted to fight back, but technological advances in armor and weaponry gave the natives a huge disadvantage against the Spaniards.
    • Empire ultimately conquered by Spaniards in 1520s, resulting a new leader and the deaths of thousands of natives.
  • 13. Resistance to Collaboration
    • Since Cortes’s victory, he imposed new ideals and policies on to the fallen Aztecs.
    • Such as include a strict conversion to Christianity and to cast away all former “idols”, a universal marriage system, and a class system
    • Spaniard took great measures to wipeout Aztec tradition and religion, including the destruction of temples, shrines, sculptures, and others.
    • Native Aztecs found it hard to retain cultural identity while adapting Spanish traditions.
  • 14. Aftermath
    • Aztec culture and people started to disappear as the new colonial Spaniards instilled their traditions and beliefs.
    • Church was now placed at the center of Spanish and Mexican lives.
    • A great migration of thousands of people to the new central city of Mexico.
    • Both native people and Spaniards began to forge the two distinctive cultures together.
  • 15. Bartolomé de las Casas
    • Spanish priest (1484-1566)
    • Radically against the poor treatment of the native people in the new world.
    • Believed Natives shouldn’t be enslaved by the Spaniards.
    • “ Historia de las Indias”
    • Firmly believed in converting Natives to Christianity.
  • 16. Black Legend
    • Term originated by Julian Juderias (1877-1918)
    • Described as having a negative bias towards Spanish conquest.
    • Aimed especially towards the Spanish Inquisition, who tortured and brutally damaged Natives and other humans in efforts to Christianize them.
  • 17. Manila Galleons
    • The Manila Galleons were the fleet of trading ships that traveled annually to the Philippines from Mexico.
    • Established when Andres de Urdaneta found an alternate trading route back to New Span from the Philippines.
    • Columbus dreamed, before his death, to establish trade to the East Indies to bring good back to Spain.
    • Philippine Islands became a key player in the Spice Trade for the Spanish nation.