Struggle & Survival: Spain


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Struggle & Survival: Spain

  1. 1. Struggle & Survival Spain Michael Huey
  2. 2. Diego Vasicuio <ul><li>Peru colonization by the Spaniards </li></ul><ul><li>Spaniards wanted to instill catholic practices and traditions to the native people of Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Vasicuio was a known widely as the native Priest of Salamanca, Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Follower of the Sorimana idol, and encouraged other followers in rituals. </li></ul><ul><li>Later accused of a heretic and brought before Father Prado </li></ul>
  3. 3. Martin Ocelotl <ul><li>1496 – 1537 </li></ul><ul><li>Born into a merchant family in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Converted to Catholicism at the age of twenty-nine, but still practiced old traditions. </li></ul><ul><li>At the time of the Spanish inquisition, Ocelotl decided to fully devote himself to Catholicism for own protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Brought to trial before the Spanish Inquisition on crimes of witchcraft and predictions. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Juan de Morga & Gertrudis de Escobar <ul><li>Both were rebellious slaves in Mexico, </li></ul><ul><li>Gertrudis Escobar was a slave that frequently tried to escape but failed at every attempt. </li></ul><ul><li>Was often beaten and punished </li></ul><ul><li>Juan Morga was literate, able to read and write. </li></ul><ul><li>Was owned by a brutal master. </li></ul><ul><li>Struggled for freedom and survival. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Isabel Moctezuma <ul><li>1509-1550 </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter of Moctezuma II, an Aztec ruler who was killed by Hernan Cortes during the Spanish Conquest. </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion to Christianity led Isabel to give generous tithes to those who needed it. </li></ul><ul><li>Married many Spanish men and gave birth to a lot of children, including Cortes’s daughter. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Beatriz de Padilla <ul><li>Was branded as a mulatto, meaning having both a white and black parent. </li></ul><ul><li>Was accused and brought to trial on the charges of witchcraft and murder of Spanish people, including a priest. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that a woman of Beatriz de Padilla’s background could not have attracted men without the use of “magic”. </li></ul><ul><li>It turned out that Beatriz de Padilla was in love with the priest that she was accused of killing. </li></ul><ul><li>Was later clear of all charges. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Miguel Hernandez <ul><li>Mulatto citizen, was also able to read and write. </li></ul><ul><li>Most notably known for his business skills and travels </li></ul><ul><li>Known as the Master of the Mule Trains, originating a goods transport market. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Enrico Martinez <ul><li>Martinez was a highly educated and respected man, acting as an astronomer for the royal family and interpreter for the Spanish Inquisition. </li></ul><ul><li>Went to work on a canal, but was responsible for failure after a heavy rainstorm that lead to a massive flood. </li></ul><ul><li>Although he was trained as an engineer, it was believed that failure on his canal was due to a lack of knowledge. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tula <ul><li>One of Mexico’s greatest cities in the ninth and tenth centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Earliest people of the Aztec tribe. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to other parts of Mexico, but still kept the same heritage. As a result, conflicts broke out, which resulted into small wars. </li></ul><ul><li>A proud culture of early Aztecs, known for their architecture, writing, and art. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Empire Bulders <ul><li>Moctezuma I, a strong, mighty warrior, rose to power of the Aztec nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Dubbed as the father of the Aztec empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered other nations to expand and to prevent own empire from being annihilated. </li></ul><ul><li>Prisoners of war were brought to Monctezuma’s empire to appease the gods as human sacrifices. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Aztecs, Conquering Heroes <ul><li>Triple Alliance appointed many rulers all throughout Aztec Empire through arms and politics. </li></ul><ul><li>Human sacrifice was a practice, not invented by Aztec tribes, but from a tradition performed a thousand years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that blood of human sacrifices was the “holy water” to please the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Montezuma II rose to absolute power in 1503. This stirred up unrest and lead to rebellions. </li></ul><ul><li>Great Tenochtitlan became the center of the Mexican world. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Arrival of the White Man <ul><li>Spanish expedition to the new world resulted in Hernan Cortes landing in Mexico, right in the midst of the Aztec Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Cortes and Spanish motivation: expansion of wealth, promotion of the Christian faith, and power growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Aztecs attempted to fight back, but technological advances in armor and weaponry gave the natives a huge disadvantage against the Spaniards. </li></ul><ul><li>Empire ultimately conquered by Spaniards in 1520s, resulting a new leader and the deaths of thousands of natives. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Resistance to Collaboration <ul><li>Since Cortes’s victory, he imposed new ideals and policies on to the fallen Aztecs. </li></ul><ul><li>Such as include a strict conversion to Christianity and to cast away all former “idols”, a universal marriage system, and a class system </li></ul><ul><li>Spaniard took great measures to wipeout Aztec tradition and religion, including the destruction of temples, shrines, sculptures, and others. </li></ul><ul><li>Native Aztecs found it hard to retain cultural identity while adapting Spanish traditions. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Aftermath <ul><li>Aztec culture and people started to disappear as the new colonial Spaniards instilled their traditions and beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>Church was now placed at the center of Spanish and Mexican lives. </li></ul><ul><li>A great migration of thousands of people to the new central city of Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Both native people and Spaniards began to forge the two distinctive cultures together. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Bartolomé de las Casas <ul><li>Spanish priest (1484-1566) </li></ul><ul><li>Radically against the poor treatment of the native people in the new world. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed Natives shouldn’t be enslaved by the Spaniards. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Historia de las Indias” </li></ul><ul><li>Firmly believed in converting Natives to Christianity. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Black Legend <ul><li>Term originated by Julian Juderias (1877-1918) </li></ul><ul><li>Described as having a negative bias towards Spanish conquest. </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed especially towards the Spanish Inquisition, who tortured and brutally damaged Natives and other humans in efforts to Christianize them. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Manila Galleons <ul><li>The Manila Galleons were the fleet of trading ships that traveled annually to the Philippines from Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Established when Andres de Urdaneta found an alternate trading route back to New Span from the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>Columbus dreamed, before his death, to establish trade to the East Indies to bring good back to Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Philippine Islands became a key player in the Spice Trade for the Spanish nation. </li></ul>