Portuguese Colonization Motives Find better trade opportunities: trade partners, raw materials (gold, spices), and ports. Overpower any Indian Opposition Spread the faith of Christianity and help convert natives Early Successes Henry the Navigator: financed voyages on oceans, and with the help of astronomers and map makers, helped charted directions for future sailors. Vasco De Gamma: took a fleet of Portuguese explorers and reached to Calicut, India, in what many considered the spice capital of the world.
Christopher Columbus 1451-1506 Portuguese explorer Major component in early phases of European expansion and colonization Sailed to fin indies to establish trade prosperity Found continent of America, which would later set up more voyages and an eventual colonization.
Treaty of Tordesillas Established in 1494 by Pope Alexander VI Spain v. Portugal in a competition for trade dominance Divided two countries the Atlantic world This dividing line gave Portugal Brazil, which allowed them to claim, conquer, and colonize.
Antonio de Gouveia (1528-1566) Educator and Humanist from Portugal Born and raised as a Christian, but later studied other secular subjects. (science, astrology, medicine). Convinced people he knew the secret of invisibility. Various skills gave him title, “Gold Priest” would later use his skills to help country prosper economically.
Catarina de Monte Sinay 1680-1758 Entrepreneur and nun Loved her life to her nun life and dedicated herself to find true salvation. Spent most of her time in Bahia, Brazil trying to help people to God and spreading the Christian faith from native home.
Francisca Indian Slave Woman Claimed to be wrongfully enslaved, worked to fight for her freedom. Engaged in a relationship with Angelico Goncalves. He would later play a part in Francisca’s fight for freedom. Failed to bring witnesses to court resulted in her return to her slave life.