Established one of the first great European empires (336-323 BC)
Inherited father’s throne after death
Conquered and dominated Persian empire
Contantine the Great
Ruler of the Holy Roman Empire
United eastern and western European regions
Established Christianity as the primary religion all over the land
Notable Rulers (Cont.)
Emperor of Rome
Military leader and conqueror
Abolished Roman Republic
Established himself as emperor
Crumbled French republic, and under his rule, established the new rule as a military dictatorship
Issued new legal “Napoleonic Code”
Changed administration and educational systems in France
How to build and establish a strong empire.
In order to establish an empire, one civilization must utilize warfare to conquer over other.
The perfect example in American history includes the Spanish Conquistador, Hernan Cortez, who, with supreme military power, dominated over the Aztecs.
Trade is also beneficial in keeping a strong empire.
Walter Ralegh, and English adventurer and writer sates, “whosoever commands the sea, commands the trade, whosoever trade of the world, commands the riches of the world, and consequently the world itself. (Pagden 86-87)
Trading overseas established economic dominance
Slaves, agricultural products, animals, riches, , spices gold, etc.
The Origins and Nature of New World Slavery
Slavery existed back even before history was recorded
Slaves were used for other jobs other than for plantation farming
Slaves received very poor treatment. Masters and slave owner would often times subject slaves to torture and beatings.
Slaves were usually foreign and, as a result, did not speak the same language as natives
Farm owners later found slaves as a source for free and efficient labor.
At first, African slaves were not a part of colonizing America, but trade routes along the Atlantic ocean would bring African American slaves over for better crop production.
From the American Revolution to the 1820s, there were many pushes to liberate slaves. Abraham Lincoln would later succeed.
In the same century (1807 & 1888), Britain and Brazil would abolish it’s slave trading business.
Guns, Germs, and Steel
Author argues that civilization is a combination of taking advantage of opportunity when it arises with already previously set historical conditions.
To expand, Europeans sought for better trade opportunities. This resulted in voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, to the Americas.
Better technology, and a weakened native civilization lead to the Europeans conquering the Americas with little difficulty.
Guns, Germs, and Steel
Despite being outnumbered, the Natives were easily conquered due to technological advances in weaponry in the hands of the conquerors.
While traders and explorers brought goods, they also brought along diseases. Because the Natives’ immune system was unfamilar with these new diseases, most of the population was wiped out, as a result, the Europeans had an easier time conquering them
The biggest disease to have impacted the Americas was smallpox.