It is a fact climate change is threatening us.                 We have to work together to face it.               Strength...
BackgroundJakarta- 13th world largest city (2011)     (a jump from its 2007 ranking of 171) Jakarta     has grown more rap...
Natural Hazards    Jakarta’s existing characteristics makes the city vulnerable to natural hazards.                    “Cu...
Loss by Flooding   “Currently extreme flooding is thought to occur approximately every 5 years.”http://en.wikipedia.org/wi...
Topography                     “Jakarta experiences heavy monsoon rains for half the year.”                               ...
Rainfall                                                 Monthly Rainfall 1900-2009http://sdwebx.worldbank.org/climateport...
Growing Populationhttp://goo.gl/EehB7Jakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p6, 22       Jakarta   7
Land Use                                       1980-2002, 1/4 non-urban uses to urban uses.                   1970        ...
Urban Heat Island Effect     “This has resulted in increased consumption of energy for air-conditioning to cool      build...
Land Subsidence & Sea Level RiseJakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p15,17   Jakarta   10
Canals Clogged with Garbage                           Rapid growth puts extreme stress on existing infrastructure.Jakarta:...
Deforestation    “Due to the high rate of deforestation and land use change across the archipelago, Indonesia        comes...
Flooding Events 2007 & 2009                              Jakarta   13
Flooding Events 2013                       Jakarta   14
Urban Poor                              “The urban poor are highly adaptive, but remain vulnerable.”http://goo.gl/W8HaU   ...
Adaptation “This is powerful, locally organized example of how residents in communities are connecting through their own m...
AdaptationJakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p33      http://goo.gl/NBnKVhttp://jakarta.tribunnews.com/2011...
MitigationJakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p31http://goo.gl/4E2lE    http://goo.gl/ljj6o                 ...
Conclusion                                                 Steps Towards Resilience The key for Jakarta going forward is t...
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Student case study jakarta, indonesia

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Student case study jakarta, indonesia

  1. 1. It is a fact climate change is threatening us. We have to work together to face it. Strengthen Jakarta- if that is possible- It will support us, help us reach our dreams.Climate Change and CitiesCase Study Jakarta Horacio Alvear Lakan Cole Wen-Kai Kuo 1
  2. 2. BackgroundJakarta- 13th world largest city (2011) (a jump from its 2007 ranking of 171) Jakarta has grown more rapidly than Kuala Lumpur, Beijing and Bangkok.- 10.1 million population (2011)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jakartahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cities_proper_by_population Jakarta 2
  3. 3. Natural Hazards Jakarta’s existing characteristics makes the city vulnerable to natural hazards. “Currently the greatest disaster vulnerability for Jakarta is flooding.”http://goo.gl/3mtcs http://goo.gl/fPCYo http://goo.gl/10xXihttp://ontario-geofish.blogspot.com/2011_02_01_archive.html Jakarta 3
  4. 4. Loss by Flooding “Currently extreme flooding is thought to occur approximately every 5 years.”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Jakarta_floodJakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p12-13 Jakarta 4
  5. 5. Topography “Jakarta experiences heavy monsoon rains for half the year.” • Perimeter , beaches, swamps areas • Thirteen rivers from south to north • Hundreds of man-made canals • 40% of Jakarda under sea levelJakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p11-12 Jakarta 5
  6. 6. Rainfall Monthly Rainfall 1900-2009http://sdwebx.worldbank.org/climateportal/index.cfm?page=country_historical_climate&ThisRegion=Asia&ThisCCode=IDN Jakarta 6
  7. 7. Growing Populationhttp://goo.gl/EehB7Jakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p6, 22 Jakarta 7
  8. 8. Land Use 1980-2002, 1/4 non-urban uses to urban uses. 1970 1980 1990 2000Jakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p8-9 Jakarta 8
  9. 9. Urban Heat Island Effect “This has resulted in increased consumption of energy for air-conditioning to cool buildings, which in turn contributes to higher ambient temperature in the city.”Jakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p18http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-uIBb8RTWQNs/TaZe1lllbVI/AAAAAAAAASI/N8d5PpB2ZkI/s1600/heat-island.jpg Jakarta 9
  10. 10. Land Subsidence & Sea Level RiseJakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p15,17 Jakarta 10
  11. 11. Canals Clogged with Garbage Rapid growth puts extreme stress on existing infrastructure.Jakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p14,18http://farm1.staticflickr.com/1/131294983_570615abbd.jpg Jakarta 11
  12. 12. Deforestation “Due to the high rate of deforestation and land use change across the archipelago, Indonesia comes in as the country with third-highest emission of greenhouse gases globally.” Mangroves help to slow the current and prevent floodshttp://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/10/12/govt-blames-rain-not-deforestation.htmlJakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p31 Jakarta 12
  13. 13. Flooding Events 2007 & 2009 Jakarta 13
  14. 14. Flooding Events 2013 Jakarta 14
  15. 15. Urban Poor “The urban poor are highly adaptive, but remain vulnerable.”http://goo.gl/W8HaU http://goo.gl/4Gaq2Jakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p20 Jakarta 15
  16. 16. Adaptation “This is powerful, locally organized example of how residents in communities are connecting through their own means to more sophisticated and established water management technology at the region level.” Kampung Melayu • One of largest and oldest villages in Jakarta • A mix of formal and informal settlements • Close relationship in the community • Teneous housing construction Flood early warning system • Mobile phone SMS messages • Broadcasting system • Leave bottom level empty when flooding.http://goo.gl/FWiKA http://goo.gl/7JPL5Jakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p26 Jakarta 16
  17. 17. AdaptationJakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p33 http://goo.gl/NBnKVhttp://jakarta.tribunnews.com/2011/10/14/jakarta-giant-sea-wall-makan-waktu-puluhan-tahun Jakarta 17
  18. 18. MitigationJakarta: Urban Challenges in a Changing Climates, p31http://goo.gl/4E2lE http://goo.gl/ljj6o Jakarta 18
  19. 19. Conclusion Steps Towards Resilience The key for Jakarta going forward is to link its climate change adaption actions to the existing and new spatial plans. Integrated Climate Quantitative Action at Strong Action Plan Measurement Local Level Social Networkshttp://goo.gl/Hl2sJ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMv-cPpKjhohttp://www1.american.edu/ted/ICE/jakarta.html http://www.welovejakarta.com/ Jakarta 19

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