14   the ottoman empire
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14 the ottoman empire Presentation Transcript

  • 1. AIM : How did the Ottoman Empire become so powerful? Do Now : How can religion be used to help strengthen an empire? Explain. HW : “The people think of wealth and power as the greatest fate.” – Do you agree or disagree? Explain in at least 10 sentences.
  • 2.
    • The Ottoman Empire
    • 1453-1918
    • The Ottomans
      • Nomadic group of Turkish people.
      • Originally from central Asia.
      • Emerged as rulers of the Islamic world.
    • Ottoman Empire
      • The Fall of the Byzantine Empire
        • Ottomans capture Constantinople (1453)
      • Cut trade with Europe & Asia.
        • Made it difficult for Europeans to pass.
      • Conquered Egypt & North Africa.
      • United Muslims under one rule.
  • 3.  
  • 4.
    • Suleiman the Magnificent
    • The Rule of Suleiman
      • Muslim ruler from 1520-1566.
      • Named the “Lawgiver”.
      • Established & enforced strict laws.
        • Based on the Koran.
        • Reconstructed the Ottoman system of rule.
    • Suleiman’s Social Class System
      • Citizens were organized into four districts.
        • Men of the pen, sword, negotiation & the fields.
      • Higher citizens  special privileges.
      • Educated men held the highest rank.
        • Important advancements made in science, architecture & literature.
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