The word tattoo comes from the Tahitian "tatu" which means "to mark something." History of Tattoos. The earliest known examples of Tats were in Egypt and were present on several female mummies dated to c. 2000 B.C. In Borneo, women tattooed their symbols on their forearm indicating their particular skill. Tattoos around the wrist and fingers were believed to ward away illness. Girls coming of age were marked to announce their place in society, as were the married women.
How tattoos were processed before. Before, in some tribal cultures, tattoos are created by cutting the design into the skin and rubbing the wound with ink, ashes or other agents. Some make them by hand tapping the ink into the skin with the use of sharpened sticks, animal bones or needles. In Japan, they still use the traditional method of inserting ink manually using bamboo or steel needles.
How Tattoos are done now. The most common method is the electric tattoo machine, inserting ink into the skin using a needle that rapidly pokes the needles in and out of the skin The first tattoo machine was invented by Samuel O Reilly in 1891. Modern tattoo machines use electromagnetic coils which was first discovered by Thomas Riley and improved by Alfred Charles South in 1899.
Tom Leppard He was the worlds most tattooed person. Mr Leppard spent £5,500 covering his body in leopard-like spots, was the world's most tattooed man. Mr Leppard, 73, said: "I'm getting too old for that kind of life." He said: "I've loved every minute and when you're covered in leopard tattoos you certainly get noticed - I became a bit of a tourist attraction on Skye."
Reasons why tattoos are becoming more of a fashion statement. Tattooing is one of the oldest art forms known to exist. It is used as a form of expression in the world's cultures, and has been used for many purposes throughout history. During the early twentieth century in the United States, tattoos were difficult and sometimes dangerous to apply. For many years, circus sideshows, hobo camps, and port-of-call navy towns were the only places where tattoos could be obtained. After the war, tattoo artists began to communicate with each other more fluently about equipment and technique.
It is from this era that tattooing's modern resurgence begins. In 1976 the National Tattoo Association was founded, and became a group which encouraged members to share information with each other. This helped a whole generation of people who had become involved in tattooing; many of whom came from a fine art background. Ed Hardy, Vyvyn Lazonga, and Gil Montie were all working at this time. Montie, working in Hollywood, tattooed many celebrities, prompting a new style trend in L.A.
Tattoos, suddenly, are everywhere. According to one survey this month, a fifth of all British adults have now been inked (as contemporary usage has it). Among 16 to 44 year-olds, both men and women, the figure rises to 29%. Article about Tattoos. Celebrities are portraying tattoos to be a fashion statement. The rise and rise of the tattoo All sorts of unlikely people have them. Such as bank clerks, university lecturers, nuclear engineers. Tattooing has become a respectable high-street business. Once, this was a class thing: tattoos were for soldiers, sailors, bikers and criminals. Borderline deviant behaviour. Now the prime minister's wife has one. From the guardian: http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2010/jul/20/tattoos
Kat Von D’s View… "I am a canvas of my experiences, my story is etched in lines and shading, and you can read it on my arms, my legs, my shoulders, and my stomach. ” “I learned a long time ago… what other people think really doesn't matter ... In the big picture, all that doesn't matter.”
Why people want tattoos: Self expression. Rebellion of society/family. Splurge of the moment. Devotion.
What the whole series is about… The whole series will be about the perception of tattoos. The series is to show the different perceptions of tattoos in society. For example the younger generation have a completely different opinion to tattoos towards the older generations perception. However, nowadays tattoos are a form of self expression.
The purpose for our documentary is… To explore the emotional and personal reasons for getting a tattoo alongside horror stories of flesh eating diseases and what's in store in the future for tattoos. To try and educate our audience about tattoo’s and change opinions. We want to show that the perception of tattoo’s are changing…
TARGET AUDIENCE Teenagers/adults of all ethnicities because anyone can get tattoos. Ages between 17-30 We chose this target audience because they are young and venerable to peer pressure also because adults are interested in tattoos. We want to educate them and challenge stereotypes.
FOCUS ON Tattoo Discrimination (Prejudice) Our Documentary Title will be: SKIN DEEP. We are surrounded by it. E.g we live in London with multi cultural people such as teachers with tattoos. There more popular now then ever, but we want to show another side to tattoos.
FONTIDEA’S Use similar idea; The title Of the Documentary
Favorites Both clear and still show a creative side.
SKIN DEEP -> Perception of tattoos; 1st min; SHOTS= ESTABLSHING SHOT 1. Voice over of an introduction to the WHOLE documentary. Flashing images of multiple exciting clips from documentary and videos with low volume. Fast forward of images of the specified episode. “ Welcome to Skin Deep, this episode is full of interesting and a variety of views on The Perception of Tattoos.”TITLE SHOWN 2.Presenter standing in front of the iconic Camden Lock. (background of water and graffiti, also shows market having connotations that it’s not a formal place) 2ND min; HISTORY of tattoo’s .e.g. One of the oldest ways of decorating yourself known to human kind was the tattoo. ( SHOT OF TATTOIST BRIEFLY SPEAKING) ‘Tattoos have been one of the most frequently used body arts.’ Stats: 16% of all adults have at least one tattoo - 31% of people with tattoos are gay, lesbian, or bisexual Images of a crowd full of tattooed people. 3 people from crowd; 1.What does your tattoo mean? 2.Since having It done, have you experienced any prejudice or discrimination? 3.Depending on answer- do you regret it? 3rd min;Typical tattoos were for sailors, criminals and people in the army. View in the past. How its changed;MEDIA. Mp’s wife with a dolphin tattoo and how it was a big taboo.Talk to older people with/ without tattoos and their opinion. 4th min; LOCATION: tattoo shop Pan of the shop and people inside. HISTORY OF TATTOO SHOPS People in the shops: Ask what they want. Why? Will it effect their profession? First shot showing a 30 second interview with someone in the tattooing profession. Have you applied for other jobs and what was the response? Was it affected because of your tattoos?
5th min; What is happening after the break Images of teenagers and young people (funny) about how the perceive tattooed people etc. Iconic lock. Near water and graffiti.