World War Slideshow Revision III
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World War Slideshow Revision III

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World War Slideshow Revision III World War Slideshow Revision III Presentation Transcript

  • Major Causes of WORLD WAR II
  • World War II
    • The Great Depression
    • The rise of fascism (making ones state supreme and expanding ones own state at the expense of other countries).
    • Rise of Dictatorship
    • The rise of militaristic regimes in Germany, Japan and Italy. (Each country seeking expansion and power).
    • The League’s failure to put a stop to the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1931.
    General Causes of WWII
  • The Great Depression
    • The Depression had extreme effects on industrialized countries and the exporting of raw materials.
    • International trade declined as well as public income and profits.
    • In many European states, citizens sought to blame government for the intolerable conditions and turned to anti-democratic government or dictators such as Adolf Hitler, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, and Benito Mussolini.
    • The desperate public invested their trust in leaders who promised to better conditions.
    • In many European states, citizens sought to blame government for the intolerable conditions and turned to anti-democratic government or dictators such as Adolf Hitler, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, and Benito Mussolini.
    • The desperate public invested their trust in leaders who promised to better conditions
    The Great Depression was a world wide economic crash which began as early as 1928.
  • T h e G r e a t D e p r e s s i o n I n G e r m a n y
    • " In order to pay its debts for World War I, Germany engaged in a tremendous hyperinflation of its currency, printing paper marks until they became utterly worthless.“ –Mr. Lawrence Reed.
    • Germany was hit hard by the Great Depression, a major factor contributing was the Treaty of Versailles (meant to settle disputes and hostility from World War I).
    • However, revenge and hostility throughout the German public was not put down.
    • Most likely, the terms dictated to Germany (or the falsely summarized terms of the treaty of Versailles) angrily arouse the public.
    • Germany had be pay large sums of money to Allies which prevented their countries growth.
    • The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act issued in the United States in 1930 contributed to Germany’s economic collapse by sparking an international trade war. Thus preventing the industries of Germany from selling their goods to foreign markets.
    • Hyperinflation of Currency : Germany, (adhering to the Treaty of Versailles) was required to pay tremendous War debt. Germany printed so much money it became nearly worthless. The destruction of currency wiped out peoples savings and shut down capitalists.
    • When Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 in socialized and militarized the economy. Instead of placing focus on manufacturing industries that would boos Germany’s economy, the focus went toward war industries.
  • The Great Depression in France
    • Following World War I, France was trying hardest to repair the damages caused by Germany.
    • Unlike Britain, France had a more self sufficient economy.
    • However, the depression had an intense effect on French economy causing the February 6 th 1934 riots.
    • French economy consisted of small and medium sized business, staying away from trusts and large companies.
    • France didn’t invest much into the stock exchange, and backed their money with gold.
    • German war debts to brought in much money which helped France pay off what they had owed to the United States.
  • Germany Stops Making Payments
    • When Germany failed to make anymore payments the French President Raymond Poincare sent troops to occupy Rhur Valley.
    • This notion set in place to enforce payment from Germany.
    • German Response to Rhur Valley.
    • Germany handed over inflated money ruining Franc’s currency.
    • Thus, Germany’s war debt owed to France was discontinued.
    • The government of France fell soon after the fact.
    • Franc’s economy was still a lot stronger than that of its neighboring countries, mostly because the value of the frank was so strong.
  • Long Term Causes of World War II
    • In 1929 many people wanted to make a movement toward world peace. However, the crashing of the stock market and decline in world economy hindered this desire.
    • Governments of all countries tried to help their people by introducing new economic policies such as Protectionism : increasing the demand for goods made in ones own country by not accepting foreign goods. This notion was believed to increase the availability of jobs and make a country self sufficient.
    • In the long run however, International relations were harmed by this policy.
    • More people began to protest in their own country
    • The League of Nations idea of ‘world co-operation’ was shut down by the protectionism policy.
    • Mass depression lead to the public blaming government for what was happening (the depression).
  • Desperation calls for a Dictator
    • Jobs as well as food was becoming scarce.
    • Where hope was the only option, people began to steer their faith toward political parties which promised to ‘better conditions’ if elected to power.
    • In Germany and Japan, this put an end to democratic governments and anti-democratic governments arose to power.
    • While trying to improve the conditions in ones own country, aggression became common toward other countries.
  • How Power Imbalance Contributed…
    • Some European countries owned large empires and others did not.
    • Which country owned what resulted primarily from their success or failure in World War I.
    • France and Britain owned the largest empires which covered almost a third of the world.
    • Grievance over these two countries gain erupted in Germany, Japan, and Italy.
    • Wanting to make ones own empire more powerful, countries (once again) sought to expand.
    • Prior to 1914 Germany, France, and Britain were the three industrial super-powers of the world. However, the impact of World War I and the great Depression caused a shift in this power to the United States. Germany, extremely angered by this shift sought to regain their financial and economic standing.
  • World War II began on September 1 st 1939.
    • When Germany invaded Poland with out declaring war.
    • Britain and France then declared war on Germany on Sept. 3 rd
    • All of the Commonwealth of Nations followed soon after.
  • The German Public
    • In the mix of Adolf Hitler’s propaganda, he promised
    • To end communism and provoke Anti-Semitism: (outside threat or common enemy threat).
    • The sole element that may have caused Nazi rise to power is Hitler himself. Hitler dominated his public with a kind of charisma
    • That could not be tried. Hitler had a through understanding of German people and their desires.
    • So much so that even when failure was evident Hitler was never blameworthy.
    • Hitler’s ability to touch his public so effectively had a significant impact on the German peoples attitudes toward war and their willingness to proceed.
  • Germany
    • When Adolf Hitler rose to power Germany’s goal became to acquire land.
    • Considering the fact that Germany seized both Austria and Czechoslovakia without any sort of fight/protest, shows that super-powers such as Britain and France didn’t want to face a continuation of the gruesome world war I.
    • Many countries however, didn’t see the height of Germany’s expansion aims, and the invasion of Poland became the final straw.