Infection preverntion

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  • 1. INFECTION PREVENTION Melissa Fisher
  • 2. WHAT IS INFECTION CONTROL? Infection control refers to policies and procedures (setby, OSHA, WHO, etc.)used to minimize the risk of spreading infections. Infection Control protects everyone within the health care setting. Without the correct knowledge and training Infections are easy totransfer amongst others, and quickly.
  • 3. PURPOSE The purpose of infection control is to reduce the occurrence ofinfectious diseases. These diseases are usually caused by bacteria orviruses and can be spread by human to human contact, contact withan infected surface, dried blood; airborne transmission through tinydroplets of infectious agents suspended in the air, and.
  • 4. TRANSMITTION
  • 5. TRANSMITION CONT…1. Process begins with someone or something carrying the infection2. The infection Leaves the individuals body either by blood or airborne.3. The infection enters another individual by either blood or airborne(direct or indirect).4. The second individual comes down with the infection
  • 6.  Not all exposures cause infection, unless… If the passogen is present in the blood or bodily fluids The number of pathogens are present The type of injury or exposer, how and where the pathogensentered the body Current health and immunizations. (stay on top of yourimmunizations to protect yourself)
  • 7. PPE PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Personal ProtectiveEquipment (PPE) are barriers .that protect yourself from Gloves Goggles/ eye shieldsexposure to blood and OPIM Lab coat/ jumpsuits Face masks/ face shields Caps Booties
  • 8. PREVENTION
  • 9. PREVENTION The main focus of prevention is knowledge of disease and howthe disease is transmitted. Yearly (or if any changes or upgrades are mad to the policies andprocedures) trainings OSHA requires.
  • 10. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS Universal Precautions is a safety precaussion that tells you to look at all bloodand OPIM that are handled are assumed to contaminated. HAS now requires all bodily fluids because it is impossible to look at all thesefluids and see traces of blood. Blood Saliva that may contain blood Semen synovial fluid Vaginal secretion pleural fluid Cerebrospinal fluid any blody fluid where blood is visable Any body fluid that can not be identified
  • 11. INCASE OF EMERGENCY EXPOSURE Identify and document the person or source of the blood orOPIM Obtain consent to test the person’s blood and arrange for testingthe person (unless it is known that they are infectious) Inform party or test results Arrange to have blood tested Arrage for counsoling or future medical care if needed
  • 12. GUIDING PRINCIPLES YOU ARE ACCOUNTABLE FOR…. Knowing what the current infection control guidelines are for your practice setting Assessing risks and knowing how to use/apply the infection control guidelines in yourpractice Adhering to the “current” infection control programs Educating and modeling infection control practices for others Being aware of what your infection control resources are and where to find out more Advocating for best practices in infection control Ensuring ongoing quality of infection control practices Monitoring changes to infection control practices (health alerts) and updating your practiceaccordingly
  • 13. VIDEOSBenefis HealthBreak — Infection PreventionUploaded by BenefisHealthSystem on Jan 10, 2012http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VPSUuyws-jk
  • 14. SOURCES Bloodborne and Airborne Pathogenes, second edition; national safety council. New york, New York2009. Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities Recommendations of CDC andthe Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). U.S. Department of Health andHuman Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Atlanta, GA 30333 2003http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/hip/enviro/Enviro_guide_03.pdf Benefis HealthBreak — Infection PreventionUploaded by BenefisHealthSystem on Jan 10, 2012http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VPSUuyws-jk