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  • 1. Riverhead Police Department Training Division Title: Officer Down/Citizen Rescue PPT Version: Windows 2002/XP Created: April 14 th , 2003 by Information & Technologies Section - Version: 2.0 Latest Mod: 08/28/03
  • 2. Riverhead Police Department CRITICAL INCIDENT: Officer Down / Citizen Rescue 2003
  • 3. “ Leave No Man Behind!” Maj. Gen. William F. Garrison Battle of Mogadishu 1993
  • 4. Officer Down / Citizen Rescue Overview
    • Introduction
    • Definitions
    • Positions & Responsibilities
    • ODCR Traffic Stop Incident
    • ODCR Standard Police Response Incident
    • Conclusion
  • 5. Introduction
  • 6.
    • Shooting Incidents unfortunately are nothing new in our society and appear to be on the rise.
    • An average of 163 Police Officers are killed in the line of duty each year. Approximately 60,000 Officers are assaulted each year resulting in 19,000 injuries.
    • There may come a time when one of your fellow Officers or a citizen has been immobilized and a Dynamic Emergency Rescue is required to extract the wounded individual to a safe area.
    • This block of instruction provides the Officer with a foundation regarding Dynamic Emergency Rescues from which they can use to formulate a rescue plan according to the given situation.
  • 7. Important Definitions!
    • Dynamic Emergency Rescue
    • Safe Zone
    • Danger Zone
    • Reactionary Gap
    • Point of No Return
  • 8. Dynamic Emergency Rescue DER is a high risk patrol operation that if required, involves allocating a team of Officers to make a rapid tactical insertion into a potentially hostile outdoor environment, locate, recover, and secure a wounded subject(s), then evacuate from that area in an expeditious manner.
  • 9. Keep in Mind! This block of training deals with a Dynamic Emergency Rescue – A rescue attempt into a potentially hostile area. This training does not deal with a Tactical Emergency Rescue (TER), a rescue that requires a trained Tactical Team utilizing appropriate equipment, ballistic shields or blankets, and diversionary devices entering a confirmed active hostile environment.
  • 10. Safe Zone A high risk area that has been temporarily secured by the Rescue Team providing adequate cover and concealment . It acts as a staging platform from which the rescue mission is executed.
  • 11. Danger Zone A high risk area that has not been secured by the Rescue Team. The longer an Officer is exposed in this area, the higher the probability of encountering a threat. Technically, it is any area that is not a Safe Zone.
  • 12. Reactionary Gap The reactionary gap is the time you have between identifying an attack and time you have to react to it.
  • 13. Point of No Return A point in the Rescue Operation where all of the resources allocated (Manpower, Vehicles, etc.) have been committed to their fullest extent. At this moment they have entered the highest level of vulnerability regardless of whether they continue on or retreat.
  • 14.
    • February 27 th , 1997.
    • Occurred in North Hollywood, California.
    • Suspects – Larry Phillips and Emil Mosuranyo.
    • Wounded 16 People.
    • One Suspect commits suicide and the other is killed by S.W.A.T.
    North Hollywood Bank Robbery
  • 15. North Hollywood Bank Robbery
    • Wounded 16 People – 11 Officers, 5 Civilians.
    • 10 Police Vehicles Destroyed.
    • 4 separate Rescue Operations take place during the incident which lasted approximately 45 minutes.
    • Officers utilized Police Vehicles during the rescues and even commandeered an armored truck to assist in the recovery operation.
  • 16. Positions and Responsibilities
  • 17. Components of the DER
    • Rescue Team Members will consist of -
    • 1. Cover Officers
    • 2. Rescue Officers
    • Depending upon the number of Officers available, if less than the recommended number of personnel are utilized for a team, certain team members may have the responsibility of performing dual roles.
  • 18. What should be done prior to performing the rescue?
    • Obtain as much information possible enroute to the location.
    • Asses the situation. Request appropriate resources - Additional Patrol Units, Medical Personnel, Aviation, and E.S.U.
    • Is a DER necessary? – Decision should be made by a Supervisor.
    • Advise responding units of the situation.
    • Quickly assemble the Emergency Rescue Team and deploy as soon as possible.
  • 19. Cover Officer Responsibilities
    • Priority is to secure the perimeter of the rescue area. Maintain the integrity of the safe zone.
    • - Protect Rescue Officers and victim.
    • - Scan assigned area of responsibility – Individual Area of Operation (Individual AO) – 90 Degrees, 180 Degrees, or even 270 Degrees.
    • - Stop any immediate threat.
    • - Limit movement of suspect(s).
    • - Apprehend suspect(s).
  • 20. Rescue Officer Responsibilities
    • Priority is to recover the injured Officer/Citizen.
    • - Make contact with the injured subject as quickly as possible and assess all injuries.
    • - Move them to the safe zone providing they can be moved.
    • - Secure the victim in the appropriate rescue vehicle as quickly as you can.
    • - Notify Cover Officers that the victim is secure and ready for evacuation (Bang on the roof of the vehicle).
  • 21. Remember the 4 Tactical Firearms Safety Rules
    • Always scan with your weapon.
    • Muzzle Discipline – never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to shoot.
    • TFTG – Keep you finger off the trigger until your sights are on the target and you are going to shoot.
    • Be sure of your target and what is beyond it.
  • 22.  
  • 23. Use of Deadly Force
    • Based on IDOL (Immediate Defense of Life) – Use of Force Continuum.
    • Individual Officer makes the decision.
    • Does not require approval from higher authority.
    • Utilized to stop the immediate threat.
    • The Law – “Reasonably Justified”.
    No exception to LAW or POLICY!
  • 24. Suppressive Fire
    • A worst case scenario – should only be employed when other options are not reasonable.
    • Directed at a “Target Specific” threat. Always be cognizant of your background.
    • Utilized to stop or prevent deadly behavior caused by the suspect(s) when entering an exposed area to gain a tactical advantage.
    • All personnel must be aware of intended deployment.
  • 25. DER Support
    • As additional units arrive at the scene they should assist with –
    • - Setting up an overall outer perimeter.
    • - Establishing a Medi-Vac center.
    • - Establishing a landing zone for Aviation.
    • - Manning traffic details if necessary.
    • - Setting up an Incident Command Post.
  • 26. ODCR Traffic Stop Incident
  • 27. Pre Rescue Line Up ODCR Traffic Stop Incident 4 Man Rescue Team 2 Cover Officers 2 Rescue Officers C C R R R1 R2
  • 28. Vehicle Positioning
    • Park the vehicle on a 45 Degree Angle Away from the presumed threat.
    • Attempt to get as close to the victim’s vehicle as you can.
    • Allow enough room so that doors can easily be opened.
    • Drivers must remember to open the door for rear passengers when exiting vehicles.
    • The Victim should be secured in the Rescue Vehicle furthest from the potential threat.
  • 29. Visual Scanning Responsibilities 4 Man Rescue Team R1 C R R2 C R
  • 30. Rescue 1 Scans Left Side R1 C R R2 C R
  • 31. Rescue 2 Scans Right Side R1 C R R2 C R
  • 32. Cover Officers Scan to the Outside looking for Victims / Suspects R1 C R R2 C R
  • 33. Rescue Officers Scan to the Inside looking for Victims / Suspects R1 C R R2 C R
  • 34. V Visual Scanning Responsibilities during the Rescue Approach. R1 R2
  • 35. ODCR Traffic Stop Incident 4 Man Rescue Team deployed utilizing DER Tactics
  • 36. Standard V&T Stop. The Officer is confronted by the suspect.
  • 37. V The Suspect’s vehicle has been damaged during the gunfight. The suspect flees on foot but may still be in the area posing a threat.
  • 38. V The Officer has been wounded and requires immediate rescue. A DER Team has been approved and deployed. R2 R1
  • 39. V Vehicle #1 takes the point flanking position. R2 R1
  • 40. V Vehicle #2 takes the rear flanking position. R2 R1
  • 41. V A barrier is created with the vehicle’s engine blocks providing cover. R1 R2
  • 42. Safe Zone V This creates a temporary Safe Zone. R1 R2
  • 43. V C R Rescue Team Members take their positions. C R R1 R2
  • 44. Cover Officers provide cover. V C R C R R1 R2
  • 45. V C R C R If a Diversionary Device is available it should be utilized. R1 R2
  • 46. V C R C R Rescue Officers perform the recovery portion of the operation. R1 R2
  • 47. C C The victim is removed to the appropriate Rescue Vehicle. R1 R2 V R R
  • 48. V C C R R Once the victim is secured the Team can begin the evacuation procedure. R1 R2
  • 49. V C C R R Rescuers will bang on the vehicle’s roof letting their teammates know that they are ready for evacuation. Bang! Bang! Bang! Bang! When all members are accounted for, the vehicles can evacuate the area. R1 R2
  • 50. The vehicle without the victim should be the last to leave the area. R2 R1 R2
  • 51. The Traffic Stop Officer Down Rescue Operation is finished. R1 R1
  • 52. The vehicle formation that is utilized in the Traffic Stop Rescue Operation is simple and flexible enough to handle an array of rescue situations in this setting.
  • 53. V C R C R Officer wounded on the roadway. R1 R2
  • 54. V C R C R Officer wounded off the roadway. R1 R2
  • 55. V C R C R Officer wounded and still inside the Police vehicle. R1 R2
  • 56. V C R C R Officer wounded on the roadway and the suspect’s vehicle is gone. R1 R2
  • 57. V C R C R Civilian wounded and still inside the their vehicle. R1 R2
  • 58. ODCR Standard Police Response Incident
  • 59. Pre Rescue Line Up ODCR Standard Police Response Incident 4 Man Rescue Team 2 Cover Officers 2 Rescue Officers C C R R R1 R2
  • 60. ODCR Standard Police Response Incident 4 Man Rescue Team deployed utilizing DER Tactics
  • 61. Domestic Disturbance Call. V
  • 62. The Officer is wounded and requires immediate rescue. V A DER Team has been approved and deployed. R1 R2
  • 63. Vehicle #1 takes the point flanking position. V R2 R1
  • 64. Vehicle #2 takes the rear flanking position. V R2 R1
  • 65. V A barrier is created with the vehicle’s engine blocks providing cover. R1 R2
  • 66. Safe Zone V This creates a temporary Safe Zone. R1 R2
  • 67. V Rescue Team Members take their positions. C R C R R1 R2
  • 68. V C R C R Cover Officers provide cover. R1 R2
  • 69. V C R C R If a Diversionary Device is available it should be utilized. R1 R2
  • 70. V C R C R Rescue Officers perform the recovery portion of the operation. R1 R2
  • 71. C C The victim is removed to the appropriate Rescue Vehicle. R1 R2 V R R
  • 72. C C V R R Once the victim is secured the Team can begin the evacuation procedure. R R2 R1
  • 73. C R C R Rescuers will bang on the vehicle’s roof letting their teammates know that they are ready for evacuation. Bang! Bang! Bang! Bang! When all members are accounted for, the vehicles can evacuate the area. R1 R2
  • 74. The vehicle without the victim should be the last to leave the area. R1 R2 R1
  • 75. The Standard Police Response Officer Down Rescue Operation is finished. R2 R2
  • 76. The vehicle formation that is utilized in the Standard Police Response Rescue Operation is simple and flexible enough to handle an array of rescue situations in this setting.
  • 77. V C R C R Officer wounded off the roadway. R1 R2
  • 78. V C R C R Officer wounded on the roadway. R1 R2
  • 79. V C R C R Officer wounded and still inside the Police vehicle. R1 R2
  • 80. C C R R Improvised formation for police vehicle parked in the driveway. V R2 R1
  • 81. Improvised formation for NO additional vehicle. V C C R R R2 R1
  • 82. Parameters to Consider!
  • 83. Suspect Contact and Apprehension
    • Cover Officers are responsible for suspect apprehension: If a suspect is confronted -
    • - Stop suspects deadly behavior.
    • - Take suspect into custody.
    • Remain in a position of cover, bring the suspect to you.
    • One Officer should give clear and concise orders to the suspect.
  • 84. R R Cover Officers are engaged in suspect contact while Rescue Officers continue with the rescue operation. V C C S R2 R1
  • 85. Nighttime
  • 86. Nighttime Dynamic Emergency Rescue
    • Darkness adds an additional element to be concerned about.
    • Provides suspect(s) with enhanced concealment.
    • Visibility is decreased.
    • Increased responsibilities of Rescue Team Members.
  • 87. Nighttime Procedures
    • Utilize all available lighting – Headlights (Bright Mode), Takedown Lights, etc.
    • All team members must focus on visual scanning during the vehicle approach .
    • Cover Officers should scan with vehicle’s search light if available.
    • Team members should have personal flashlights readily available.
  • 88. Nighttime Approach. R1 R2
  • 89. Vehicle is on wrong side of the road as you approach?
  • 90. Options
    • Setting up the vehicle formation is the priority of Rescue Vehicle #1
    • Regroup and approach from correct direction.
    • If the setting does NOT allow for this then use an improvised formation.
    • Drive past the location, turn around, and then perform the rescue operation.
    • Team Leader should make this decision.
  • 91. The victim’s vehicle is parked on wrong side of the road as you approach. V R2 R1
  • 92. S V Use an improvised formation set up by Rescue #1. R1 C R R2 C R
  • 93. Rescue Team is threatened by a rear attack ?
  • 94. V C R C R Rescue Team is threatened by a rear attack. S R2 R1
  • 95. Options
    • Move quickly to available cover and engage the threat.
    • Reposition the rescue vehicles in order to provide adequate cover.
    • Abort the rescue operation and regroup.
    • Decision should be made by Team Leader.
  • 96. Victim cannot be moved ?
  • 97. Options
    • Victim may have to be moved under exigent circumstances.
    • Call for additional support and begin to make preparations for securing the area.
    • Abort the rescue operation and regroup.
    • Decision should be made by Team Leader.
  • 98. Multiple Victims ?
  • 99. Options
    • 4 Man DER Team with 2 Vehicles has the resources to transport 2 Victims . One Victim for each vehicle.
    • If there are more than 2 Victims then additional vehicles may have to be deployed or the area may have to be secured.
  • 100. Conclusion
  • 101. Key Factors for a Successful Operation
    • Be Prepared – Gather as much intelligence as time permits.
    • Maximum use of Cover.
    • Numeric Superiority – Show of Force.
    • Firepower Superiority.
    • Speed – Surprise – Shock Action.
    • Accuracy – the operation must not only be fast, it must also be effective.
    • Safety – Must be a formal part of planning.
  • 102. We in the Law Enforcement profession tend to confuse Good Luck with Good Tactics , and therefore continue to employ unsound tactics because they have “worked before”. In reality, many of our tactics have worked because of the simple fact that the arrestee choose not to resist arrest or to kill an Officer on the day he confronted him. We must always be open to new ideas and maintain a certain flexibility in our approach to tactical operations, especially when the life of a fellow Officer is counting on our actions.
  • 103. Officer Down / Citizen Rescue has been presented to you by the Riverhead Police Department’s Training Division. Instructors: P.O. Bernard J. Bobinski P.O. Christopher Mohl Riverhead Police Department Training Division 210 Howell Avenue Riverhead, New York 11901 (631) 727-4500 Safe Today Alive Tomorrow!

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