K9 Operations For Patrol
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K9 Operations For Patrol

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    K9 Operations For Patrol K9 Operations For Patrol Presentation Transcript

    • K9 Operations for Patrol
    • Capabilities
    • Objectives
      • Give each officer a working knowledge of the various uses of a Police Dog.
      • Realize the limitations and capitalize on abilities of a Police Dog.
      • Patrol Officer will be able to assist in maximizing the usefulness.
    • Topics of discussion
      • Building Search
      • Area Search/ Perimeters
      • Tracking / Cover Officer
      • K9 Apprehensions
      • Evidence Recovery
      • Riot / Crowd Control
      • Drug Sniff’s
      • Pursuits
      • Report writing
      • Safety around K9
      • TASERS
    • Building Search
      • Establish perimeter
      • Radio for K9 search of building
        • Searches faster and reduces risks to officers
        • Can locate subject behind locked doors, ceilings, etc.
      • Don’t allow entry into building during search, including owner/key holder.
      • Time is on our side – longer subject is hiding, the more odor emanating.
      • At least one cover officer should be assisting.
      • K9 announcement needs to be made before and throughout the search.
      • Loud speaker might be helpful (i.e. squad, helicopter).
    • Area Search / Perimeters
      • Point of entry unknown / no track found.
      • Do not pursue unless sure of catching subject.
      • Establish a tight perimeter.
      • Radio for K9 assist.
      • Dog can locate a subject hiding in weeds, under deck, etc.
      • Wind / weather might determine start point.
      • K9 announcement needs to be made before and throughout the search.
      • Loud speaker might be helpful (i.e. squad, helicopter).
    • Perimeters
      • Goal of perimeters is to contain the subject, let K9 work.
      • A quickly set and secure perimeter should force subject to “lay down” or hide.
      • Don’t make the perimeter too small, easier to tighten up a perimeter than expand it.
      • All officers / handler will be on one radio channel.
      • Keep radio traffic to a minimum.
      • Mutual aid might be needed, supervisor’s decision.
    • Perimeters
      • All emergency and white lights should be on, not darked out.
      • Try not to distract K9, shining lights, driving around.
      • Stay in squad, don’t contaminate area.
      • Supervisor or perimeter officer should coordinate air unit, if used.
      • Supervisor / handler will decide how long to hold a perimeter.
    • Tracking
      • K9 will search for a human scent / altered ground and begin tracking.
      • Direct handler to the last place suspect was seen.
      • Don’t pursue unless sure of capture.
      • Handler might track on lead or off lead.
      • Article from suspect / missing person is helpful, but not necessary.
      • Weather plays a big role in tracking, refer to handler for specifics.
    • Cover Officer
      • Stay about 15-20’ back.
      • Don’t focus too much on K9, look to other areas to cover.
      • Don’t get a head of K9 team
        • Opening doors.
        • Moving in front of dog.
      • Be tactical, light and noise discipline.
      • When directed by handler move into cuff subject.
      • Search with long gun, if searching for dangerous subject.
    • Evidence Recovery
      • Dog will close in on human scent left on article.
      • Can be used to find
        • Gun, money bag, keys, etc.
      • K9 Alert – Varies by K9
        • Passive alert – K9 lay’s on ground next to article
        • Aggressive alert – K9 retrieves article
      • Call K9 first, don’t contaminate area.
      • K9 Request needs to be timely.
    • K9 Apprehensions
      • Dept Policy: This apprehension refers to a canine officer intentionally releasing or directing a canine to apprehend a suspect who the officer believes has committed or is about to commit a felony or violent misdemeanor criminal act, or to apprehend a mentally ill or mentally defective person to prevent self-injury or injury to another .
    • K9 Apprehensions
      • Let the handler and K9 do their job.
      • Don’t encourage K9.
      • Don’t run in the area when K9 is released for apprehension.
      • The cover officer in most cases will need to handcuff/secure the subject.
      • Don’t move to subject until directed by handler.
    • Riot / Crowd Control
      • Use of K9 to move a crowd is only authorized if used in a defensive action.
        • Effect a rescue of person from a violent crowd.
      • Use of a K9 at the scene of a disturbance where there a handful of people does not constitute crowd control, if utilized for officer safety and not to move a crowd.
    • Drug Sniff’s
    • Drug Sniff’s
      • Use of a canine to locate narcotic odor is a sniff, not a search.
      • Don’t search if K9 is to be used (contamination).
      • Advise handler of any narcotics found or hazards seen.
      • Move / keep subjects out of sight when K9 is working.
      • Remove any animals from the area.
      • Refer to handler for legal updates, if unsure.
      • K9 alert is Probable Cause
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    • Cash Sniff’s
      • Cash in circulation might have trace drug residue, but a K9 is trained to find drug odor, not residue.
      • K9 teams must train for cash sniff’s.
      • Officers should be careful not to contaminate cash prior to sniff (i.e. store or transport with drugs).
    • Pursuits
      • K9 unit should move to the front of pursuit to prepare if the suspect(s) bail from vehicle.
      • Non-K9 squad should conduct radio traffic, if possible. (difficult to hear with K9)
      • Radio – announce there is a K9 in pursuit so responding officers are aware.
      • Handler will remove K9 and search, usually off-lead if a suspect bails.
      • Handler will refer to policy to determine if K9 will be used.
    • Felony Stops
      • K9 can be used to clear vehicle after all compliant occupants have been called out and secured.
      • Officer calling people out of vehicle should have the last person out, leave one door open.
      • K9 announcement should be made, if no response, then K9 can search.
      • Handler will direct K9 to approach, enter and search vehicle for hidden persons.
    • Report Writing / Documentation
      • Handler will document K9 specific information.
      • Don’t try to interpret / write about what K9 was doing or indicating, leave that to handler.
      • Photographs of injuries to suspects, officers and K9.
    • Safety around Canine
      • Don’t run around K9.
      • Dog’s are animals…they chase as a part of instinct and training.
      • Don’t give any commands to K9, this is the handlers job.
      • If challenged by K9, stop the behavior that initiated aggression.
    • TASER’S & K9
      • An inadvertent shock to K9 will be detrimental
      • Handler should be told prior to deployment, if feasible.
      • Taser operator might have to move close to subject to deliver “drive stun” with Taser to avoid accidental discharge into K9.
    • Handler injured
      • There might be another officer / K9 handler that is familiar with dog that can be called.
      • If not, approach dog with confidence and escort with purpose.
      • Squad door can opened and the K9 called over.