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Moral Issue of  Suicide
DEFINTION Direct willfull destruction of one’s own life Deliberate Voluntary Intentional Terminating one’s own life
WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCEWITH SUICIDE     ANDEUTHANASIA?
Suicide                     Euthanasia Destructive and violent    Person has incurable The person is healthy       ailm...
WHERE WILLYOU CLASSIFY  ASSISTED  SUICIDE?
Causes of Suicide across the History Kamikaze pilots during world war II   Heroic act due to sacrifice of their own coun...
Causes of Suicide1.        Personal reasons     1.    Misforutne and frustrations in love or marriage     2.    Victim of ...
Causes of Suicide2. Financial reasons    Poverty and impoverishment    Great loss of money or collapse in business ventu...
Pros of Suicide Socrates   Believes that life is a property of God   But for him one is accepted to commit suicide if: ...
Pros of Suicide Michael de Montaigne   Individual reaches a point when it is terrible pain, agony and    misery, then su...
Pros of Suicide David Hume   The removal of misery makes suicide morally justifiable and    permissible   To bear unbea...
Cons on Suicide Flavius Josephus    Suicide is a crime    Soul is depositum St. Augustine    Suicide- the greatest si...
Application of Ethical Theories NATURAL LAW ETHICS   Principle of stewardship   Suicide is a sin UTILITARIAN’S PRINCIP...
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Moral issue of suicide

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Transcript of "Moral issue of suicide"

  1. 1. Moral Issue of Suicide
  2. 2. DEFINTION Direct willfull destruction of one’s own life Deliberate Voluntary Intentional Terminating one’s own life
  3. 3. WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCEWITH SUICIDE ANDEUTHANASIA?
  4. 4. Suicide Euthanasia Destructive and violent  Person has incurable The person is healthy ailment or terminal when it comes to condition physical condition  Painless, quiet Sudden interruption or acceleration of destruction of life imminent of certain process death Non-medical reasons  Medical reasons
  5. 5. WHERE WILLYOU CLASSIFY ASSISTED SUICIDE?
  6. 6. Causes of Suicide across the History Kamikaze pilots during world war II  Heroic act due to sacrifice of their own country Japanese Shintoist  Believes that those who died for one’s country will become one of the deities. Japanese’s Harakiri  To die for the sake of honor Roman Catholics Irishmentand Buddhist  Self-immolation and self-starvation
  7. 7. Causes of Suicide1. Personal reasons 1. Misforutne and frustrations in love or marriage 2. Victim of a broken home or marriage 3. Parental indifference or apathy towards one’s boyfriend or girlfriend 4. In-law problems 5. Failure in an examination 6. Loss of honor and integrity 7. Nervous breakdown d/t inability to cope to problems
  8. 8. Causes of Suicide2. Financial reasons  Poverty and impoverishment  Great loss of money or collapse in business venture3. Social reasons  failed coup d’etat  Protest against man’s inhumanity to man
  9. 9. Pros of Suicide Socrates  Believes that life is a property of God  But for him one is accepted to commit suicide if:  Shame, distress,impoverishment  Extraodinary problems  Enevitable turn of future Epicurus  Life is no linger pleasureable then the recourse is to terminate it Lucius Sineca  Suicide is an escape of suffering from decay of old age
  10. 10. Pros of Suicide Michael de Montaigne  Individual reaches a point when it is terrible pain, agony and misery, then suicide is excusable John Donne  Means of liberating oneself from exploitation and oppresion Baron de Montesquieu  It is unjust to compel a person to labor for society he no longer consents to be a member  The act of suicide does not disturbe the order of Providence, nor does any other human act alter the modifications of matter  Thought the soul is separated from the body, the order or regularity in the universe is never changes
  11. 11. Pros of Suicide David Hume  The removal of misery makes suicide morally justifiable and permissible  To bear unbearable pain is in no way part of a natural inclination  Moral duty is reciprocal  alive and healthy render service to society  Life becomes a liablitiy and burden to society  suicide  There is no such thing as designed by God  Man’s life is disposable as that of an oyster
  12. 12. Cons on Suicide Flavius Josephus  Suicide is a crime  Soul is depositum St. Augustine  Suicide- the greatest sin  Self-murder  Deprives ones oppurtunity to repent  Ignoble acts – escape the ills of life St. Thomas Aquinas  Against natural law of self –preservation  Person will be deprived of the community  Usurpation of God’s function
  13. 13. Application of Ethical Theories NATURAL LAW ETHICS  Principle of stewardship  Suicide is a sin UTILITARIAN’S PRINCIPLE  Whenever one has become a burden and liability to the greatest number of people, its justifiable to commit suicide KANT’S ETHICS  Categorical imperative  Treat individulas not as means only but also as ends  Principle of autonomy/self-determination  Has the right to decide whether to commit suicide or not
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