DEFINTION Direct willfull destruction of one’s own life Deliberate Voluntary Intentional Terminating one’s own life
WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCEWITH SUICIDE ANDEUTHANASIA?
Suicide Euthanasia Destructive and violent Person has incurable The person is healthy ailment or terminal when it comes to condition physical condition Painless, quiet Sudden interruption or acceleration of destruction of life imminent of certain process death Non-medical reasons Medical reasons
Causes of Suicide across the History Kamikaze pilots during world war II Heroic act due to sacrifice of their own country Japanese Shintoist Believes that those who died for one’s country will become one of the deities. Japanese’s Harakiri To die for the sake of honor Roman Catholics Irishmentand Buddhist Self-immolation and self-starvation
Causes of Suicide1. Personal reasons 1. Misforutne and frustrations in love or marriage 2. Victim of a broken home or marriage 3. Parental indifference or apathy towards one’s boyfriend or girlfriend 4. In-law problems 5. Failure in an examination 6. Loss of honor and integrity 7. Nervous breakdown d/t inability to cope to problems
Causes of Suicide2. Financial reasons Poverty and impoverishment Great loss of money or collapse in business venture3. Social reasons failed coup d’etat Protest against man’s inhumanity to man
Pros of Suicide Socrates Believes that life is a property of God But for him one is accepted to commit suicide if: Shame, distress,impoverishment Extraodinary problems Enevitable turn of future Epicurus Life is no linger pleasureable then the recourse is to terminate it Lucius Sineca Suicide is an escape of suffering from decay of old age
Pros of Suicide Michael de Montaigne Individual reaches a point when it is terrible pain, agony and misery, then suicide is excusable John Donne Means of liberating oneself from exploitation and oppresion Baron de Montesquieu It is unjust to compel a person to labor for society he no longer consents to be a member The act of suicide does not disturbe the order of Providence, nor does any other human act alter the modifications of matter Thought the soul is separated from the body, the order or regularity in the universe is never changes
Pros of Suicide David Hume The removal of misery makes suicide morally justifiable and permissible To bear unbearable pain is in no way part of a natural inclination Moral duty is reciprocal alive and healthy render service to society Life becomes a liablitiy and burden to society suicide There is no such thing as designed by God Man’s life is disposable as that of an oyster
Cons on Suicide Flavius Josephus Suicide is a crime Soul is depositum St. Augustine Suicide- the greatest sin Self-murder Deprives ones oppurtunity to repent Ignoble acts – escape the ills of life St. Thomas Aquinas Against natural law of self –preservation Person will be deprived of the community Usurpation of God’s function
Application of Ethical Theories NATURAL LAW ETHICS Principle of stewardship Suicide is a sin UTILITARIAN’S PRINCIPLE Whenever one has become a burden and liability to the greatest number of people, its justifiable to commit suicide KANT’S ETHICS Categorical imperative Treat individulas not as means only but also as ends Principle of autonomy/self-determination Has the right to decide whether to commit suicide or not
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