Moral issue of euthanasia
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  • 1. Moral Issue of Euthanasia Mevelle L Asuncion CENTRAL MINDANAO UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF NURSING
  • 2. EUTHANASIA Gk word “ eu”- easy “thanatos” – death Painless death Mercy killing
  • 3. Classification1. self-administered Active/positive euthanasia Passive/negative euthanasia2. Other administered Active and voluntary Passive and voluntary Active and nonvoluntary Passive and nonvoluntary
  • 4. Active euthanasia Act of commission Peron end his own life
  • 5. Passive euthanasia Allowed to die without taking medications or refuse medical treatment Act of omission
  • 6. Positive side Mercy killing Preserve human dignityNegative side Hastens the death of the individual Does not prolong agony
  • 7. Different views Garry Williams ◦ Wrong 1. Argument from nature 2. Argument from self-interest 3. Argument from practical effects James Rachel ◦ Allows euthanasia to be humane, since it does not prolong agony ◦ Depends on motive and intentions
  • 8. Different views Fillipa Foot ◦ Active and passive euthanasia ◦ But with patients consent Rachel Brandt ◦ Ross prima facie duty ◦ Active and voluntary ◦ If patient has instructions beforehand then it is our obligatio to fulfill his/her wish
  • 9. Natural law ethics Condemns mercy killing Except for principle of double effect Ex: ◦ Giving of pain reliever with good intention but with indirect effect of shortening lifespan
  • 10. Kant’s ethics Preserve human dignity Autonomous rational being Ok with active voluntary euthanasia Ok with active nonvoluntary if the patient is comatose Comatose ◦ No self-regulating will
  • 11. Utilitarianism Greatest good for the greatest number of people If a patient is dying, it is better to donate organs