KANT’S ETHICS Immanuel Kant Deontologism- duty- obligation Intuitionism, internal motive must be good Motivist theoryA man performs a moral act if and only if one does whatever one is obliged to do
KANT’S ETHICS 2 type of of acts 1. Act done in accord with duty Doctor performs his functions out of fear of being accused of negligence 2. Act done from a sense of duty Doctors act if they recognize that there is special obligation to their patients because of their relationships with them
KANT’S ETHICS It is always wrong to lie (giving placebo) Treat people as ends not as means Act only on that maxim which can and at the same time will become a universal law Always act as to treat humanity as and end and never as only means
ROSS ETHICS Rule deontology Reject utilitarian precept Good------- happiness in the end Actual duty Prima facie duty Example Act with the more stringent/stronger duty Ex: pt ask you, am I going to die? Actual duty - tell the truth Prima facie duty give comfort of the mind
PRIMA FACIE DUTY BY ROSS1. Duty of fidelity2. Duty of reparation/compensation3. Duty of gratitude4. Duty of justice5. Duty of beneficence6. Duty of self improvement7. Duty of non maleficence
RAWLS THEORY OF JUSTICE Hypothetical situation Under the veil of ignorance Man is rational and self-interested Social justice Individual is inviolable Erroneous theory is tolerable in the absence of good one Individual liberty should be restricted in order to maintain equality of oppurtunity.