The Uses of Open Data

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The Uses of Open Data

  1. 1. The Uses of Open DataAndrew StottUK Transparency Boardformerly Director, data.gov.uk& UK Deputy GCIO @dirdigengSkopje, Macedonia andrew.stott@dirdigeng.com21 March 2012 0.91
  2. 2. A World of Open Data 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. Federal Government, USA 4
  5. 5. United Kingdom Government 5
  6. 6. Australia 6
  7. 7. Moldova 7
  8. 8. Kenya – first in Africa 8
  9. 9. World Bank 9
  10. 10. London, United Kingdom 10
  11. 11. City of Vancouver, Canada 11
  12. 12. City of Rennes, France 12
  13. 13. City of San Francisco, USA 13
  14. 14. City of Vienna, Austria 14
  15. 15. A World of Open Data Now over 200 governmental Open Data sites 15
  16. 16. Some UK Examples 16
  17. 17. New economic and social value 17
  18. 18. Cleansing and organising data Business Intelligence from item-level purchasing data 18
  19. 19. Information services to the public Weather, transport and public facilities among most downloaded Smartphone Apps 19
  20. 20. Data Mining  Prescription data  Patient outcome data  Longitudinal health records  Pupil-level education records 20
  21. 21. Operational efficiency/optimisationReal time info on road delays and roadworks allowslogistics efficiency 21
  22. 22. Financial Products  Weather Risk Management (US: $4bn annual contracts value)  Flood insurance on detailed topography and river records 22
  23. 23. Customer attraction and retention estate agents/ realtors Financial services builders and other local services Local house prices attract potential customers 23
  24. 24. Public Service data as a hub for civilengagement 24
  25. 25. Improving Public Services 25
  26. 26. Nation-wide Crime DataVision: CrimeArrestConvictionSentence 26
  27. 27. Crime Data to your mobile phone 27
  28. 28. Crowd-sourcing to improve official data 28
  29. 29. Government is a data user too 29
  30. 30. Transparent and Accountable Government 30
  31. 31. Transparent and Accountable Government 31
  32. 32. Pressure to justify and restrain costs 32
  33. 33. Transparency promoting sustainability 33
  34. 34. Public scrutiny of contracts 34 http://www.otvorenezmluvy.sk/
  35. 35. Data Journalism 35
  36. 36. Lessons learned 36
  37. 37. Top-level political support essential“Greater transparency “Public informationwill enable the public does not belong toto hold politicians and Government, itpublic bodies to belongs to theaccount” public.” 37
  38. 38. Strong civil society ―demand-side‖ vital too 38
  39. 39. Passionate team important too! 39
  40. 40. Deliver incrementally 40
  41. 41. Ensure clear, common, licensing 41
  42. 42. It’s not (just) an IT project!CIOs can give leadership, but CIOs/IT Directors often do not “own” the data Key issues are business, policy and politics: don’t let policy makers brand it as “just IT” Keep the IT simple ‒ Established open source (eg CKAN+Drupal) or commercial products (eg Socrata) ‒ use existing contracts/infrastructure with niche firms ‒ host data on existing websites or on public Cloud 42
  43. 43. Don’t accept ―no‖ — work out ―how‖ It’s held separately by n different organisations, and we can’t join it up It will make people angry and scared without helping them It is technically impossible We do not own the data The data is just too large to be published and used Our website cannot hold files this large We know the data is wrong We know the data is wrong, and people will tell us where it is wrong We know the data is wrong, and we will waste valuable resources inputting the corrections people send us People will draw superficial conclusions from the data without understanding the wider picture People will construct league tables from it It will generate more Freedom of Information requests It will cost too much to put it into a standard format It will distort the market Our IT suppliers will charge us a fortune to do an ad hoc extract 43
  44. 44. It’s not just about new dataScope for “Open Data” also includes datapreviously “published” but … in non-reusable format with restricted licence only aimed at specialist groups only for payment only in response to requests difficult to find data.gov.uk contains a lot of data which nobody knew was already published 44
  45. 45. The importance of location 45
  46. 46. Data Quality  Release of data will reveal issues of data quality  Celebrate greater checking of data!  Use as stimulus to  Measure  Prioritise  Improve 46
  47. 47. Continuously engage with developersPhotos: @memespring, 47@MadLabUK, @paul_clarke
  48. 48. .. and highlight applications, not data 48
  49. 49. Open Government Data Re-Use Model Government Business/Civil Society Consumer Government should not do more than strictly necessary Improve Gov data Aggregation Processing, MarketingData Creation and editing and End Use and delivery Organisation packaging Specialist Specialist Specialist Specialist Services Services Services Services 49
  50. 50. Open Data Institute: its mission Develop capability of UK businesses to exploit value of Open Data Engage developers/small businesses to build Open Data supply chains and commercial outlets Help public sector use its own data more effectively Ensure academic research in Open Data technologies 50
  51. 51. Summary Open Data has Triple Objectives: Transparency + Public Services + Economics Varied, innovative business/social models ―Push‖ and ―Pull‖ of data Business and Civil Society engagement is essential ‒ Important to grow open data “ecosystem” Data flow can be both ways 51
  52. 52. Questions? 52
  53. 53. End 53

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