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Ana Lucia Cadena CLIFF workshop

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PhD research presentation at the workshop of the Climate Food and Farming Network, Dec. 2-4 at Aarhus University, Foulum. The Climate Food and Farming Network is an initiative of Copenhagen U., Aarhus …

PhD research presentation at the workshop of the Climate Food and Farming Network, Dec. 2-4 at Aarhus University, Foulum. The Climate Food and Farming Network is an initiative of Copenhagen U., Aarhus U., and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

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  • 1. InsBtute  of  Landscape  Ecology   Potentials of native plant species in Agroforestry systems for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and improvement of local environmental and communities‘ life conditions Ana  Lucia  Cadena  Gonzalez-­‐Thiele   Wes5älische  Wilhelms-­‐Universität  Münster  (Germany)  
  • 2. Location MunicipaliBes  of  Campo  Hermoso  and  Zetaquira,  Boyacá,  Colombia   http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/85/ Colombia-departaments-sa.svg/240px-Colombia-departamentssa.svg.png
  • 3. Scenery •  Lack  of  local  plans  and  strategies  –  only  isolated  efforts   •  Lack  of  informaBon  on  dimensions  of  losses  because  of   depleBon  of  resources  and  global  warming  at  local  level   (long  heavy  rains)   •  Lack  of  research  on  potenBals  of  Agroforestry  systems   •  DepleBon   of   tradiBonal   knowledge   and   naBve   plants   resources,    lack  of  strategies  to  maintain  these  species.   •   Lack  of  moBvaBon  of  local  community    
  • 4.                                                  Some  effects  of  heavy  rains   Zea  mays  subsp.  mays  
  • 5. Preliminary results Campo  Hermoso   Zetaquira   •  15  endangered  medicinal   species          9  naBve  species   •  20  dissapeared  medicinal   species          7  naBve  species   •  Ur#ca  dioica  L.  popularity   (IUV)   •  7  endangered  medicinal   species          3  naBve  species   •  13  dissapeared  medicinal   species          6  naBve  species   •  Ruta  graveolens  L.   popularity          
  • 6. Main Objectives •  To  collect  quanBtaBve  informaBon  on  greenhouse   gas  (GHG)  emissions  in  tropical  small  scale  farming   systems  of  Boyacá,  Colombia.   •  To  analyse  the  potenBal  of  agroforestry  systems   with  naBve  mulB-­‐purpose  and  medicinal  plants  to   reduce  GHG  emissions.   •  To  promote  the  culBvaBon  and  conservaBon  of   naBve  plant  species,  especially  endangered  species.     •  To  add  benefits  to  local  producBon  of  food,   medicine  and  to  improve  economy.  
  • 7. Hypotheses •  The  potenBal  of  Agroforestry  systems  with  culBvaBon   of    introduced  medicinal  plant  species  is  equal  to   Agroforestry  systems  with  culBvaBon  of  naBve  species   in  terms  of  miBgaBon  of  Green  House  Gas  emissions.     •  NaBve  mulBpurpose  and  medicinal  plant  species  are   o_en  not  culBvated  in  Agroforestry  systems  due  to  the   lack  of  producBvity.   •  Lack  of  knowledge  of  the  producBvity  that  naBve  and   mulBpurpose  medicinal  plant  species  can  offer  to  the   local  economy  has  limited  investments  in  projects   related  to  the  culBvaBon  of  these  species.    
  • 8. Methods     Introduc&on  and   diagnos&cs     -­‐IntroducBon  of             the  project   -­‐Survey   -­‐Semi-­‐structured   Interviews   -­‐Data  analyses   -­‐SelecBon  of   species  -­‐local   interest  and   necessiBes-­‐   -­‐Previous  results     Sampling  and   collec&on  of   data   Design  of   homegarden   model   Evalua&on  of   impact  on   livelihoods     -­‐SelecBon  of   plots  with   agroforestry   systems  and     selected  species       -­‐Design  of  local   homegarden   model  with     selected  species/     based  on  local   necessiBes   (community  and   environment)     ProducBvity   projecBons   -­‐Food     producBon?   -­‐Medicinals   producBon?     -­‐Influence  on   local  economy?     -­‐PotenBals  off   GHG  miBgaBon?     -­‐Structured   interviews     -­‐Analysis  of   fluxes  of  gases   -­‐Sampling  of   gasses     -­‐StaBsBcal   analyses      -­‐PromoBon  of       culBvaBon  of  the   homegarden   model  in   comunal  plots   and  within  local   schools      
  • 9. Some species to take into account Municipality Campo   Hermoso Zetaquira Endangered  species Smilax  aspera  L.,  Cattleya   schroederae  Rchb.F.,  Nicotiana   tabacum  L.,  Ocimum   campechianum   Mill.,  Psidium   guineense   Sw.,  Sapindus  saponaria   L.,  Crescentia  cujete  L.,  Inga  edulis   Mart. Ceiba  pentandra  (L.)  Gaertn,   Tabebuia  sp.,  Phaseolus  sp. Disappeared  species Carica  pentagona  Heilborn,  Platymiscium   ulei  Harms  ex  Harms,  Persea  mutisii  Kunth  ,   Drymis  granadensis L.  f.,  Brownea  ariza   Benth,  Ananas  comosus  (L.)  Merr. Juglans  neotropica  Diels,  Crescentia  cujete   L.,  Gossypium   sp.,  Solanum  betaceum  Cav.,   Schizolobium  excelsum   Vegel.,  Persea   mutisii  Kunth.
  • 10. Additional species •  Melissa  officinalis       •  Verbena  li7oralis   •  Ur#ca  dioica  (popular  in  Campo  Hermoso)   •  Ruta  graveolens  (popular  in  Zetaquira)  
  • 11. Expectations Juglans  neotropica  Diels   Ca7leya  schroederae  Rchb.  F  
  • 12. References •  Russell  Nathan,  2012.  Eco-­‐Efficiency:  From  Vision  to  Reality.   CIAT-­‐CGIAR,  Cali,  Colombia     •  Nair  P.K.R.,1993.  An  IntroducBon  to  Agroforestry,  Kluwer   Academic  Publishers.  Dordrecht,  The  Netherlands.   •  Nair  P.K.R.  et  al.  Agroforestry  as  a  strategy  for  carbon   sequestraBon,  Journal  of  Plant  Nutri#on  and  Soil  Science.   2009.  172  :  1,  10-­‐23     •  Sinclair,  F.,  et  al.  2012.  Enhancing  the  effecBveness  of   agroforestry  research  in  Colombia.  World  Agroforestry   Centre  ICRAF  [online].  Available  from:  hnp:// worldagroforestry.org/our_products/publicaBons/details? node=54130  [Accessed  Nov  20,  2013]   •  Annual  Report  2011-­‐2012:  trees,  livelihoods,  landscapes.   World  Agroforestry  Centre  ICRAF  [online].  Available  from:   hnp://www.worldagroforestrycentre.org/our_products/ publicaBons/details?node=53879  [Accessed  Nov  20,  2013]  
  • 13. Thanks