The Agustan age
Whigs and Tories
The Hanoverian Kings
The International Scene
heralded a period of relative
domestic peace and prosperity
The Augustan Age
Why is the eighteenth century
referred to by critics and
historians as the Augustan age?
This is due to
with the era of
initiated an era
system, the king or queen
ministers,but they were
then answerable to
The ministers formed a
Cabinet that made major
The old aristocracy
The middle classes
and Church of England
The term ‘Tories’ is still
used to refer to the
Held a mojority in
Their origin lay in
the Tories supported a
George I came to
the throne and
dynasty of the
House of Hanover
is a German royal
George I became the first British
monarch of the House of Hanover.
WHY WAS HE CHOSEN ?
He was the closest Protestant heir
to the throne
The period was one of political stability, and the
development of constitutional monarchy.
Great Whig families dominated politics.
The most eminent politician of time was Britain's first
Prime Minister, Robert Walpole.
Britain came to acquire much of her overseas
empire, despite the loss of the American colonies.
Scotland and England were united as ‘Great Britain’
and were to be governed under one parliament.
II. The unification of England and Scotland was not
universally accepted north of the border.
III. A rebel movement grew and fought for Scottish
IV. Scotland was finally defeated at the battle of
The loss of American colonies
Reason:The British Parliament insisted it had the right to
tax colonists to finance the colonies' military defense,
which had become increasingly expensive due to the
French and IndianWars The colonists claimed that, as they
were British subjects, taxation without representation in
Parliament was illegal. The American colonists formed a
unifying Continental Congress and a shadow government
in each colony.
Result: American victory and European recognition
of the independence of the United States, with
mixed results for the other powers.
French revolution war
Reason: polemical declarations that any populace
wishing to dispose of its rulers would be assisted by
Result:end of any possibility of reforming England
Reason:American War of
Independence and The French
Revolution proved to be an
important influnced on Irish
Result:Roman Catholic Relief
Act 1791 helped Catholics relieve
political, educational, and
Choose the correct option
1) During the 18th century, The England passed
a) a new century of peace, stability and prosperity
b) A new century of war,instability and poverty
Answer : a
in England heralded a period of peace
a) Act of Union
b) Glorious or Bloodless Revolution
3) the king or queen formally appointed
ministers,but they were then answerable to
parliament.What kind of monarchy?
a) Absolute monarchy
b) Constitional monarchy
4)Tories were supported by
a) The old aristocracy and Church of England
5) Their origin lay in constitutional
monarchism and opposition to absolute
6) House of Hanover is
a) A German royal dynasty
b) An English royal dynasty