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New Generation of eLearning Technologies Explained, Compared and Applied
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New Generation of eLearning Technologies Explained, Compared and Applied

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It has been a long time since a new version of SCORM or AICC has been released. The reason for this is simple - those two standards are no longer under active development and have been overcome by …

It has been a long time since a new version of SCORM or AICC has been released. The reason for this is simple - those two standards are no longer under active development and have been overcome by events. The new specifications are xAPI (formerly known as TinCan) and CMI-5, based entirely on WebServices and replacing the aging AICC 4.0 standard.

These new technologies are being enthusiastically embraced by all market segments. But, as with any new technology, there is plenty of confusion, growing pains and misconceptions. In this presentation, Chris Sawwa, director of eLearning at Meridian Knowledge Solutions,explains what works and what doesn’t and how things will change.

He outlines the new standards and how they compare with SCORM, the dominant eLearning content interoperability standard for close to a decade. He explains what the new specs do, how to decide which one to use, and how to proceed from there.

Published in: Education, Technology
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  • 1. Chris SawwaMeridian Knowledge SolutionsApril 15, 2013
  • 2. Topics• How eLearning works today• New eLearning functional models• New specifications (SCORM replacements?)• SCORM vs. xAPI (formerly TinCan) vs. CMI-5• Planning and implementation considerations
  • 3. How eLearning Works TodayLeading Interoperability Standards– SCORM 1.2, 2004 Edition 2,3 and 4– AICC 4.0
  • 4. How eLearning Works Today• SCORM modelWeb BrowserCourse(running inside abrowser)LMSJava Script API Http
  • 5. How eLearning Works TodaySCORM componentsSCORM Package definition (Zip file)
  • 6. ExamplesSample Information stored by SCORM - CMI* Data Model– Learner information (name, ID)– Initialization (mode, reporting)– Success criteria (completion_threshold, scaled_passing_score…)– Time limits (total_time, max_time_allowed…)– Exit mode– Score (raw, min, max, normalized)– Preferences (language, audio_level, delivery_speed…)– Interactions (score, weighting, response, correct_answer…)– State (location, custom data)– Objectives (ID, score, progress, completion…)– …and others…
  • 7. New eLearning Functional ModelsLeading Interoperability Standards– AICC CMI-5– ADL xAPI (a.k.a Experience API or TinCan)– ADL TLA (Training & Learning Architecture)
  • 8. New eLearning Functional ModelsCourse / GameSimulationMobile AppWebService/HttpWebService/HttpWebService/HttpLMS / LRS / Other
  • 9. New eLearning Functional ModelsComponents needed for use w/out an LMS(optional) Package Definition
  • 10. New eLearning Functional ModelsComponents needed for for use with a LMS(required) Package Definition
  • 11. How eLearning Works TodayLeading Interoperability StandardsProjected availability: Now– ADL SCORM• Package Definition – IMS Content Packaging• Launch Specification – SCORM• Data Model – AICC/IEEE CMI• Communication Specification – Native, JavaScript(ECMA Script) API – requires content to run in a webbrowserGood for LMS useGood for LMS use
  • 12. New eLearning Functional ModelsLeading Interoperability StandardsProjected release 1.0 timeframe: April 31, 2013– ADL xAPI (a.k.a Experience API or TinCan)• Package Definition – N/A• Launch Specification – N/A• Data Model – Native, ActivityStream based statements• Communication Specification – Native, RESTWebService APISCORM Replacement? – NO, missing components. Good for non LMS useSCORM Replacement? – NO, missing components. Good for non LMS use
  • 13. ExamplesSample xAPI statements<Actor/Agent> <Verb> <Activity>I did thisChris attempted “War & Peace”Chris completed “War & Peace”Chris attempted “War & Peace Assessment”Chris scored “10%” on “War & Peace Assessment”Chris failed “War & Peace Assessment”Lexi attempted “Winx Believix episode 1”Lexi experienced “Winx Believix episode 1”Max launched “Star Wars, Return of the Jedi”Max experienced “Star Wars, Return of the Jedi”…etc…
  • 14. New eLearning Functional ModelsLeading Interoperability StandardsProjected release 1.0 timeframe: ~1stQ 2014– AICC CMI-5• Package Definition – CMI-5• Launch Specification – CMI-5• Data Model – xAPI statements (a.k.a. Experience API or TinCan)• Communication Specification – xAPI (a.k.a. Experience API orTinCan)SCORM Replacement? – Yes, when specification is ready, for LMS & non LMS useSCORM Replacement? – Yes, when specification is ready, for LMS & non LMS use
  • 15. New eLearning Functional ModelsLeading Interoperability StandardsProjected release 1.0 timeframe: TBD– ADL TLA (Training & Learning Architecture)• Package Definition – N/A• Launch Specification – N/A• Data Model – xAPI statements• Communication Specification – xAPI• Other (e.g. Content Arbitration) - TBDSCORM Replacement? – NO, this is a higher level frameworkSCORM Replacement? – NO, this is a higher level framework
  • 16. PlanningImplementation Considerations– 1stlevel adopters - Software vendors• What type of system/software• What type of content• Specification publish timeframe• Complexity– 2ndlevel adopters – LMS, Authoring and other systemsusers• Software availability timeframe• Content availability• Risks
  • 17. ADL – Advanced Distributed Learning• SCORM, xAPI / Experience API (formerly Tin Can), TLAAICC – Aviation Industry CBT Committee• AICC, CMI (Computer Managed Instruction), CMI-5IEEE LTSC/WG 11 – Learning Technology Sub-committee / Working Group 11• CMI, CMI XML binding, ECMA Script APIIMS GLC – Instructional Management Systems Global Learning Consortium• Common Cartridge, QTI, LTI, Content Packaging, Simple SequencingLETSI – Learning Education Training Systems Interoperability• RTWS (Runtime Web Services)SIF - Schools Interoperability Framework Association• SIF SpecificationeLearning Standards Organizations
  • 18. ADL – Advanced Distributed Learningwww.adlnet.govwww.adlnet.gov/tla/experience-apiwww.adlnet.gov/tlaAICC – Aviation Industry CBT Committeewww.aicc.orgIEEE LTSC/WG 11 – IEEE Learning Technologyhttp://www.ieeeltsc.org:8080/PloneLETSI – Learning Education Training Systems Interoperabilitywww.letsi.orgAdditional Information
  • 19. Chris Sawwawww.meridianksi.comcsawwa@meridianksi.com

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