01 roberto bardini
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01 roberto bardini 01 roberto bardini Presentation Transcript

  • OVERVIEW OF THE ITALIAN SWINE INDUSTRY Roberto BARDINI, DVM
  • EU-15
    • Pig presence EU 27 : 159.732 millions
    We are here!
  • The swine market situation in Italy in 2009
    • SOWS: 756.345
    • TOTAL PIGS PRODUCED: 12.922 Millions
    • 4.2% of farmers represent 95.3% of the total
    • The trend shows that the integration and consolidation process is occurring and has yet to be completed
    • DOP: 8.707 mln ( 2008: - 4.5%)
  • Pig distribution
    • The chart below shows the density of pigs in geographic areas: the red areas are the most populated, while the yellow ones are the least.
    Density of pigs population per geographic areas. Source ISTAT 2005 (Red >70 pigs/Kmq. Dark-orange:between 30 & 70 pigs/Kmq. Light-orange: between 10 & 30 pigs/Kmq. Yellow: less than 10 pigs/Kmq ) Lombardia : 44.5% Emilia Romagna : 17.6% Piemonte : 10.6% Triveneto : 10.4% Umbria : 2.8% RO NA
  • DOP production: Parma ham
  • Parma Ham: requirements
      • Feed composition strictly ruled
      • Slaughter weight: >150 kg (now slaughterhouses ask for min. 170 kg)
      • Slaughtered between 9 and 11 months of age
      • Bred in specific regions of Italy (controlled by tattooing)
      • Severe requirements guaranteed by Parma Ham Consortium
  • Market and economy in Italy (2009)
    • 55 mln of hams imported, salted and stored
    • 26 mln of Italian hams produced
    • Average pork price (alive, Modena market): 1,219 Є
    • Average production cost (1 Kg alive): 1.3 Є
    • Italian feed costton : 255 Є (EU 217, E 230, NL 213, D 191, F 181)*
    • *EU commission data
  • Number of pig producing farms
    • Pig production, as shown, is still fragmented.
    • However the 1.000 largest farms account for about 40% of the market and the 5.000 largest farms for 95%
    • Trends show that integration is occurring and 3 major producers now account for more than 20% of production
  • The swine feed industry
    • The swine feed industry is composed of 3 different players:
      • Integrated industry
      • Home feed producers
      • Feed mills /customers
  • Technical data (2006) Days (fattening) Produced pigs/fattening place Convertion Index (30 kg-final weight) Weight at sloughtering (kg) Average Daily Gain (30 kg-final weight) Weaned pigglets/sow/year Ppre-weaning mortality Born alive//farrowing Farrowing/sow/year Countries
  • Are you sleeping….?
  • Circovac ® : Italian Trial
  • Study objective
    • To compare the efficacy of 2 PCV2 vaccines (CIRCOVAC and CircoFlex) on piglets in non vaccinated herd:
    • Clinical situation
    • Heterogeneity
    • Mortality
    • Runts
    • ADWG and Feed conversion.
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  • PCV 2 IZSLER trial: pigs cathegories more involved IZSLER,2011
  • Herd selection
    • - No PCV2 vaccination on sows or piglets until now
    • - PCVD/PMWS Diagnosis
    • - Reliability of management
    • - 26-01-10: Lab. Diagnosis for PMWS in 3 pigs
  • What reliability means
  • The herd
    • 420 sows farrow to finish
    • Batch management: one week system
    • Weaning age: 26 days
    • “ Very Good” sanitary situation (mortality rate from farrow to finish in batches extremely low)
    • Sanitary breakdown 21 days after entering in fattening units (costant feed medications followed by runts and few dead)
    • Housing management: 26-50 d(PW);51-90d (“mangia-bevi”) ;91-120d (grower) ;121-200d (1° fattenenig period: reduction from 19 to 16 pigs per pen ) 201-300d (2°fattening period)
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  • Protocol summary
    • - Blind study: vaccinations were made by another vet
    • 1050 piglets
    • Randomization (Bologna University) 3 homogenous groups for sex, parity, initial weight
    • 5 weekly batches
    • 4 weighing steps
      • - at weaning(26d)
      • - 110 d (before 1st fatt.)
      • - 220 d (end of 1st fatt.)
      • - at slaughter (carcass weight)
  • Every pig ( and farmer….) dream
  • ..and the hard reality!!
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  • Protocol summary
    • - 1050 piglets: 349(Circovac),351(Circoflex),350(Control)
    • - 1st weight and randomizaton, 2 days before weaning/vaccination
    • - the piglets were also vaccinated with Mh vaccine (BIV with W/O adjuvant)
  • Protocol summary
    • - Clinical check each month
    • - Dead, runts and treatments record
    • - Feed consumption (liquid feeding) between 2nd and 3rd weighing (40 -120/150KgBW) measured for about 70% of pigs and up to slaughter
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  • Protocol summary
    • Serology and virology : ELISA PCV2 and Q-PCR-PCV2- IZSLER Mantova
    • Pre-trial: 26-01-10
    • Trial: n°36 piglets/4th batch (12x group)
    • N° blood samples: 6…+/- every month(from 20-05 to 24-11)
  • Monthly clinical control
  • Dead, runts and treatments record
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  • An indispensable tool….
  • Results ADWG vaccinated vs control 82,9 117,8 70,1 Dev. Standard 635,0 733,1 494,1 ADG vaccinati (gruppi A e B) 86,1 124,1 73,3 Dev. standard 613,1 710,5 472,6 ADG (g/giorno) non vaccinati (gruppo C) 25-220 giorni di vita 105-220 giorni di vita 25-105 giorni di vita gruppo
  • Results: ADWG +22gr/d
  • ADWG according to PCV2 vaccine
  • Results-ADWG vaccinated Circovac or Circoflex vs controls 79,7 111,0 70,5 Dev. standard 637,0 736,1 494,7 ADG (g/giorno) Gruppo B (circoFLEX) 86,1 124,4 69,8 Dev. standard 633,1 730,0 493,5 ADG(g/giorno) Gruppo A (circoVAC) 86,1 124,1 73,3 Dev. standard 613,1 710,5 472,6 ADG (g/giorno) non vaccinati (gruppo C) 25-220 giorni di vita 105-220 giorni di vita 25-105 giorni di vita gruppo
  • Results ADWG ADG tra 25 e 220 gg di vita
  • ADWG Results
      • ADG : +22g/die vaccinated vs Controls
      • STAT POS vaccinated vs Controls
      • STAT NEG CIRCOVAC vs Circoflex (-4g)
  • Feed consumption
    • Working in progress: we hope to obtain positive results also for feed conversion rate (around 70% of pigs) and to slaughter
  • Serology Avarage specific Ab titres against PCV2 (log 10) on 36 pigs distributed in 3 groups
  • Losses during the trial 64 6,09% 20 31 TOTAL N° (n°1050) 22 13 9 Subtotale N° 6,28% 31,45,53,72,119, 162,225,276,292, 363,603,842,994 71,190,249,991265,528,573, 727,729 Control (n°350) 22 5 17 Subtotale N° 6,26% 141,222,294, 660,806 34,124,307,464,633, 673,708,868,884, 9454,25,29,275, 300,694,726 Circo 1 ml (n°351) 20 2 18 Subtotale N° 5,73% 107,686 93,96,218,452,469, 539,629,681,715,758. 903,921,959,1005, 1039 291 Circovac (n°349) % runts + dead Runts (n° Tag) Dead (n° Tag) Group
  • To better understand the quality of health management of the farm…
  • Hunted deer to celebrate!
  • Conclusions
    • Difiicult trial
    • Statistically well planned
    • Data obtained statistically significative
    • Confirmation of the “zootechnical” role of PCV2 vaccines
  • thank you for your attention