OVERVIEW OF THE ITALIAN SWINE INDUSTRY Roberto BARDINI, DVM
EU-15 <ul><li>Pig presence EU 27 : 159.732  millions </li></ul>We are here!
The swine market situation in Italy in 2009   <ul><li>SOWS: 756.345 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL PIGS PRODUCED: 12.922 Millions...
Pig distribution <ul><li>The chart below shows the density of pigs in geographic areas: the red areas are the most populat...
DOP production: Parma ham
Parma Ham: requirements <ul><ul><li>Feed composition strictly ruled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaughter weight: >150 kg (...
Market and economy in Italy (2009) <ul><li>55 mln of hams imported, salted  and stored  </li></ul><ul><li>26 mln of Italia...
Number of pig producing farms <ul><li>Pig production, as shown, is still fragmented. </li></ul><ul><li>However the 1.000 l...
The swine feed industry <ul><li>The swine feed industry is composed of 3 different players: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrat...
Technical data (2006) Days (fattening) Produced pigs/fattening place Convertion Index (30 kg-final weight) Weight at sloug...
Are you sleeping….?
Circovac ® : Italian Trial
Study objective <ul><li>To compare the efficacy of 2 PCV2 vaccines (CIRCOVAC and CircoFlex) on piglets in non vaccinated h...
 
PCV 2 IZSLER trial: pigs cathegories  more involved IZSLER,2011
Herd selection <ul><li>- No PCV2 vaccination on sows or piglets until now </li></ul><ul><li>- PCVD/PMWS Diagnosis </li></u...
What reliability means
The herd <ul><li>420 sows farrow to finish  </li></ul><ul><li>Batch management: one week system </li></ul><ul><li>Weaning ...
 
 
Protocol summary <ul><li>-  Blind study: vaccinations were made by another vet </li></ul><ul><li>1050 piglets </li></ul><u...
Every pig ( and farmer….) dream
..and the hard reality!!
 
Protocol summary <ul><li>- 1050 piglets: 349(Circovac),351(Circoflex),350(Control) </li></ul><ul><li>- 1st weight and rand...
Protocol summary <ul><li>- Clinical check each month </li></ul><ul><li>- Dead, runts and treatments record </li></ul><ul><...
 
 
 
 
 
 
Protocol summary <ul><li>Serology and virology : ELISA PCV2 and Q-PCR-PCV2- IZSLER Mantova </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-trial: 26...
Monthly clinical control
Dead, runts and treatments record
 
 
 
 
An indispensable tool….
Results ADWG vaccinated vs control 82,9 117,8 70,1 Dev. Standard 635,0 733,1 494,1 ADG vaccinati (gruppi A e B)  86,1 124,...
Results: ADWG +22gr/d
ADWG according to PCV2 vaccine
Results-ADWG vaccinated Circovac or Circoflex vs controls 79,7 111,0 70,5 Dev. standard 637,0 736,1 494,7 ADG (g/giorno) G...
Results ADWG  ADG tra 25 e 220 gg di vita
ADWG Results <ul><ul><li>ADG : +22g/die vaccinated vs Controls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STAT POS vaccinated vs Controls ...
Feed consumption <ul><li>Working in progress: we hope to obtain positive results also for feed conversion rate (around 70%...
Serology Avarage specific Ab titres against  PCV2  (log 10) on 36 pigs distributed in 3 groups
Losses during the trial 64 6,09% 20 31 TOTAL N° (n°1050) 22 13 9 Subtotale N° 6,28% 31,45,53,72,119, 162,225,276,292, 363,...
To better understand the quality of health management of the farm…
Hunted deer to celebrate!
Conclusions <ul><li>Difiicult trial </li></ul><ul><li>Statistically well planned </li></ul><ul><li>Data obtained statistic...
thank you for your attention
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01 roberto bardini

  1. 1. OVERVIEW OF THE ITALIAN SWINE INDUSTRY Roberto BARDINI, DVM
  2. 2. EU-15 <ul><li>Pig presence EU 27 : 159.732 millions </li></ul>We are here!
  3. 3. The swine market situation in Italy in 2009 <ul><li>SOWS: 756.345 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL PIGS PRODUCED: 12.922 Millions </li></ul><ul><li>4.2% of farmers represent 95.3% of the total </li></ul><ul><li>The trend shows that the integration and consolidation process is occurring and has yet to be completed </li></ul><ul><li>DOP: 8.707 mln ( 2008: - 4.5%) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pig distribution <ul><li>The chart below shows the density of pigs in geographic areas: the red areas are the most populated, while the yellow ones are the least. </li></ul>Density of pigs population per geographic areas. Source ISTAT 2005 (Red >70 pigs/Kmq. Dark-orange:between 30 & 70 pigs/Kmq. Light-orange: between 10 & 30 pigs/Kmq. Yellow: less than 10 pigs/Kmq ) Lombardia : 44.5% Emilia Romagna : 17.6% Piemonte : 10.6% Triveneto : 10.4% Umbria : 2.8% RO NA
  5. 5. DOP production: Parma ham
  6. 6. Parma Ham: requirements <ul><ul><li>Feed composition strictly ruled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaughter weight: >150 kg (now slaughterhouses ask for min. 170 kg) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaughtered between 9 and 11 months of age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bred in specific regions of Italy (controlled by tattooing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe requirements guaranteed by Parma Ham Consortium </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Market and economy in Italy (2009) <ul><li>55 mln of hams imported, salted and stored </li></ul><ul><li>26 mln of Italian hams produced </li></ul><ul><li>Average pork price (alive, Modena market): 1,219 Є </li></ul><ul><li>Average production cost (1 Kg alive): 1.3 Є </li></ul><ul><li>Italian feed costton : 255 Є (EU 217, E 230, NL 213, D 191, F 181)* </li></ul><ul><li>*EU commission data </li></ul>
  8. 8. Number of pig producing farms <ul><li>Pig production, as shown, is still fragmented. </li></ul><ul><li>However the 1.000 largest farms account for about 40% of the market and the 5.000 largest farms for 95% </li></ul><ul><li>Trends show that integration is occurring and 3 major producers now account for more than 20% of production </li></ul>
  9. 9. The swine feed industry <ul><li>The swine feed industry is composed of 3 different players: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home feed producers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feed mills /customers </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Technical data (2006) Days (fattening) Produced pigs/fattening place Convertion Index (30 kg-final weight) Weight at sloughtering (kg) Average Daily Gain (30 kg-final weight) Weaned pigglets/sow/year Ppre-weaning mortality Born alive//farrowing Farrowing/sow/year Countries
  11. 11. Are you sleeping….?
  12. 12. Circovac ® : Italian Trial
  13. 13. Study objective <ul><li>To compare the efficacy of 2 PCV2 vaccines (CIRCOVAC and CircoFlex) on piglets in non vaccinated herd: </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical situation </li></ul><ul><li>Heterogeneity </li></ul><ul><li>Mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Runts </li></ul><ul><li>ADWG and Feed conversion. </li></ul>
  14. 15. PCV 2 IZSLER trial: pigs cathegories more involved IZSLER,2011
  15. 16. Herd selection <ul><li>- No PCV2 vaccination on sows or piglets until now </li></ul><ul><li>- PCVD/PMWS Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>- Reliability of management </li></ul><ul><li>- 26-01-10: Lab. Diagnosis for PMWS in 3 pigs </li></ul>
  16. 17. What reliability means
  17. 18. The herd <ul><li>420 sows farrow to finish </li></ul><ul><li>Batch management: one week system </li></ul><ul><li>Weaning age: 26 days </li></ul><ul><li>“ Very Good” sanitary situation (mortality rate from farrow to finish in batches extremely low) </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitary breakdown 21 days after entering in fattening units (costant feed medications followed by runts and few dead) </li></ul><ul><li>Housing management: 26-50 d(PW);51-90d (“mangia-bevi”) ;91-120d (grower) ;121-200d (1° fattenenig period: reduction from 19 to 16 pigs per pen ) 201-300d (2°fattening period) </li></ul>
  18. 21. Protocol summary <ul><li>- Blind study: vaccinations were made by another vet </li></ul><ul><li>1050 piglets </li></ul><ul><li>Randomization (Bologna University) 3 homogenous groups for sex, parity, initial weight </li></ul><ul><li>5 weekly batches </li></ul><ul><li>4 weighing steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- at weaning(26d) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- 110 d (before 1st fatt.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- 220 d (end of 1st fatt.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- at slaughter (carcass weight) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 22. Every pig ( and farmer….) dream
  20. 23. ..and the hard reality!!
  21. 25. Protocol summary <ul><li>- 1050 piglets: 349(Circovac),351(Circoflex),350(Control) </li></ul><ul><li>- 1st weight and randomizaton, 2 days before weaning/vaccination </li></ul><ul><li>- the piglets were also vaccinated with Mh vaccine (BIV with W/O adjuvant) </li></ul>
  22. 26. Protocol summary <ul><li>- Clinical check each month </li></ul><ul><li>- Dead, runts and treatments record </li></ul><ul><li>- Feed consumption (liquid feeding) between 2nd and 3rd weighing (40 -120/150KgBW) measured for about 70% of pigs and up to slaughter </li></ul>
  23. 33. Protocol summary <ul><li>Serology and virology : ELISA PCV2 and Q-PCR-PCV2- IZSLER Mantova </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-trial: 26-01-10 </li></ul><ul><li>Trial: n°36 piglets/4th batch (12x group) </li></ul><ul><li>N° blood samples: 6…+/- every month(from 20-05 to 24-11) </li></ul>
  24. 34. Monthly clinical control
  25. 35. Dead, runts and treatments record
  26. 40. An indispensable tool….
  27. 41. Results ADWG vaccinated vs control 82,9 117,8 70,1 Dev. Standard 635,0 733,1 494,1 ADG vaccinati (gruppi A e B) 86,1 124,1 73,3 Dev. standard 613,1 710,5 472,6 ADG (g/giorno) non vaccinati (gruppo C) 25-220 giorni di vita 105-220 giorni di vita 25-105 giorni di vita gruppo
  28. 42. Results: ADWG +22gr/d
  29. 43. ADWG according to PCV2 vaccine
  30. 44. Results-ADWG vaccinated Circovac or Circoflex vs controls 79,7 111,0 70,5 Dev. standard 637,0 736,1 494,7 ADG (g/giorno) Gruppo B (circoFLEX) 86,1 124,4 69,8 Dev. standard 633,1 730,0 493,5 ADG(g/giorno) Gruppo A (circoVAC) 86,1 124,1 73,3 Dev. standard 613,1 710,5 472,6 ADG (g/giorno) non vaccinati (gruppo C) 25-220 giorni di vita 105-220 giorni di vita 25-105 giorni di vita gruppo
  31. 45. Results ADWG ADG tra 25 e 220 gg di vita
  32. 46. ADWG Results <ul><ul><li>ADG : +22g/die vaccinated vs Controls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STAT POS vaccinated vs Controls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STAT NEG CIRCOVAC vs Circoflex (-4g) </li></ul></ul>
  33. 47. Feed consumption <ul><li>Working in progress: we hope to obtain positive results also for feed conversion rate (around 70% of pigs) and to slaughter </li></ul>
  34. 48. Serology Avarage specific Ab titres against PCV2 (log 10) on 36 pigs distributed in 3 groups
  35. 49. Losses during the trial 64 6,09% 20 31 TOTAL N° (n°1050) 22 13 9 Subtotale N° 6,28% 31,45,53,72,119, 162,225,276,292, 363,603,842,994 71,190,249,991265,528,573, 727,729 Control (n°350) 22 5 17 Subtotale N° 6,26% 141,222,294, 660,806 34,124,307,464,633, 673,708,868,884, 9454,25,29,275, 300,694,726 Circo 1 ml (n°351) 20 2 18 Subtotale N° 5,73% 107,686 93,96,218,452,469, 539,629,681,715,758. 903,921,959,1005, 1039 291 Circovac (n°349) % runts + dead Runts (n° Tag) Dead (n° Tag) Group
  36. 50. To better understand the quality of health management of the farm…
  37. 51. Hunted deer to celebrate!
  38. 52. Conclusions <ul><li>Difiicult trial </li></ul><ul><li>Statistically well planned </li></ul><ul><li>Data obtained statistically significative </li></ul><ul><li>Confirmation of the “zootechnical” role of PCV2 vaccines </li></ul>
  39. 53. thank you for your attention
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