The general aim of drug prevention, however, is much broader than this: it is the healthy and safe development of children and youth to realize their talents and potential becoming contributing members of their community and society.
On average a secondary school issues fixed term exclusions for drug or alcohol issues 2.3 times a year. Permanent exclusions for drugs and alcohol make up 6.5% of the total.
Substance misuse and early intervention for schools
What do we mean by Prevention and Early Intervention?“The primary objective of drug prevention is tohelp people, particularly but not exclusivelyyoung people, to avoid or delay the initiation ofthe use of drugs, or, if they have startedalready, to avoid that they develop disorders(e.g. dependence).” UNODC – International Standards on Drug Use Prevention (2013)
How are we doing? Fuller, E. (2012) Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in England
How are we doing? Over a quarter of the 15 year olds in our classrooms took an illegal drug in the last year, 15% in the last month. 5% took a Class A drug. About 55,000 15 years olds drank over 15 units in the last week. One in ten (11%) of 15-16 year olds said they had had unprotected sex after drinking. Fuller, E. (2012) Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in England WHO (2012) Health behaviours in school-aged children DfE (2012) Permanent and fixed-period exclusions from schools in England: academic year 2010 to 2011
How are we doing? • Early drunkenness (38 countries): – Scotland 6th highest – Wales 8th and – England 9th • Positive correlation between early drunkenness and 5 other risky behaviours – smoking, cannabis use, injuries, fights, and low academic performance. WHO - Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (2012)
Single Spies or Battalions? Fuller, E. (2012) Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in England
What protects young people? Environment Parents Peers School Positive Activities Media
What creates a protective environment in school? School SpecialistRules Development Ethos Support
Things that work, things that don’tWork Don’t work Clear (and well understood) Messages that focus on the boundaries worst outcomes Some life skills curricula Harsh and inconsistent Positive ethos discipline Parents that hold restrictive Knowledge on its own views about early drinking Didactic teaching Brief Interventions Caution Treatment for those Don’t know needing it Ex-users
Mentor’s toolkit for creating and reviewing a school’s drug policy Introduction Consultation framework Consultation Checklist for reviewing Working group activities drug education Consulting teachers Suggested survey Consulting parents questions and activities Consulting pupils Drug incident scenarios Further resources online... http://www.mentoruk.org.uk/resources/schools/toolkit
Other Resources EMCDDA - http://www.emcdda.europa.eu European drug prevention quality standards Guidelines for the evaluation of drug prevention: a manual for programme planners and evaluators (second edition) EUDAP - http://www.eudap.net/ Unplugged – an evidence based life skills curriculum for secondary schools Centre for Analysis on Youth Transitions - http://www.ifs.org.uk/centres/cayt Repository of evidence based programmes Mentor - http://www.mentoruk.org.uk thinkingPrevention papers – how risky behaviours interlink, and how evidence based prevention can reduce the risks to young people. School governors: Taking a lead on drug and alcohol prevention for safer schools and confident pupils The Drug Education Forum set of six good practice briefing papers, including: principles of good practice, legal highs, and engaging parents
Contact Details Mentor 1st Floor, 67-69 Cowcross Street London EC1M 6PU 020 7553 9920 firstname.lastname@example.org @andrewbrown365; @MentorTweets; @MentorADEPIS www.mentoruk.org.uk