Standards for drug and alcohol education
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Standards for drug and alcohol education



Presentation on drug and alcohol education standards produced as part of our ADEPIS project - providing drug and alcohol education and prevention information to schools in England.

Presentation on drug and alcohol education standards produced as part of our ADEPIS project - providing drug and alcohol education and prevention information to schools in England.



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    Standards for drug and alcohol education Standards for drug and alcohol education Presentation Transcript

    • Alcohol and Drug Education and Prevention Information Service Helping schools and practitioners support children and young people
    • ADEPIS: Who we are  funded by the Department for Education  run by Mentor, in partnership with DrugScope and Adfam  supporting secondary schools, primary schools, FE Colleges and anyone working in formal or informal settings with children and young people.
    • Drug and alcohol education in schools  Research to inform our work with schools  Carried out by the PSHE Association in June 2013  Teachers from 288 schools across England responded to an online questionnaire  Follow-up telephone interviews with 20 of these.
    • Key Messages  Drug and alcohol education provision remains inconsistent.  Primary schools have less access to support and resources, but secondary schools also identify unmet needs.  Assessment and evaluation, continuity in learning and quality assurance of resources and external support remain weaker areas.  While there are examples of excellent drug and alcohol education teaching, many teachers highlighted a lack of curriculum time, constraints on in finance for resources and training, and delivery by non-specialist services.
    • Quality standards for drug education For schools and external drug educators working in schools
    • Aims of the standards  To help schools assess their own practice, in and outside the classroom, and make the case for additional support and resources.  To help external providers of drug education raise their own standards and convey their aims, practice and approach to schools.  To help schools have clearer expectations of external contributors, choose those that which deliver to a high standard and best meet their needs, and work more effectively with them.
    • What evidence are they based on?  ‘Prevention science’: for example programmes such as ‘Life Skills Training’ and ‘Unplugged’ have been tested in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and found to result in measurable reductions in alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use.  Their elements and overall approach (based on ‘social influences’) have a lot in common with what experts in PSHE education would describe as best practice.
    • Key resources we drew on:  Drug Education Forum: Principles of good drug education and principles for supporting school drug education  EMCDDA (2011) European Drug Prevention Quality Standards  DfES (2004) Drugs: Guidance for Schools.  PSHE Association guidance including online CPD  SCODA (1999) The Right Approach: Quality standards in drug education  Ofsted subject-specific guidance on PSHE  Guidance on safeguarding, e.g.  Guidelines for on staff and volunteer management
    • A clear model of good drug education emerges...  needs-led and age-appropriate, putting the pupil at the centre;  a two-way, interactive process of learning;  enabling pupils to explore their own and other people’s attitudes and values;  challenging misperceptions about the prevalence and acceptability of drug use among peers; and  developing pupils’ personal and social skills to manage risk, solve problems and communicate effectively. Unfortunately...
    • ... it is not yet universally delivered “I am 16 years of age; colouring pictures of smiley face Ecstasy tablets will not make me less inclined to take it.” “The year 11s are getting the same boring drugs PowerPoint as the year 7s...” Mentor Youth London, 2012
    • Ofsted’s verdict: Not yet good enough: PSHE education in schools  There is a close correlation between being a good school overall and good PSHE education.  Significant weaknesses were identified, in particular in staff training and support, and assessment, monitoring and evaluation.  Where external contributors were used, in over half of the schools there was no formal evaluation of the impact on pupils’ learning or follow-up of activities. These findings are supported by our mapping research.
    • Why do we think yet another set of documents will help?  We want to create something which is rigorous in terms of quality, but easy to use in self-assessment.  We want to create a shared understanding across schools and external providers of drug education, to promote better joint working and raise standards.  We are opening the standards up to wide consultation to make them as user-friendly as possible.
    • Overlapping sets of standards Delivering effective drug education Staff policies and safeguarding School context for effective drug education Schools External providers
    • Format  Introduction and guidance on using standards  Standards – comprising an introduction; the standards; a glossary; resources for further reading  Examples of how standards might be evidenced  Self assessment form: Standard Not met/ Partially met / Fully met Current position Actions to take
    • Evidencing the standards  “Yes, we have this policy in place”  “We review  We asked x, they told us we do this well  We identified a problem; took this action; the result was...  We identified a problem; and are in the process of doing this to address it...  We use x external provider, training...  Regular reviews
    • School context for effective drug education (1)  Clear leadership support for drug education and prevention.  A written drug policy sets out the school’s approach to incident management, drug education and support.  Drug education is carefully planned and ongoing assessment, monitoring and evaluation ensures that it meets pupils’ needs.  Teachers involved in delivering drug education are skilled and confident, with access to high quality training and support.
    • School context for effective drug education (2)  All staff are confident about dealing with drug and alcohol- related issues.  There are clear and effective processes for supporting pupils with additional needs relating to drugs and alcohol and referring them to external services where appropriate.  Parents and carers are aware of the school’s approach to drugs and alcohol and have opportunities to be actively involved.
    • Delivering effective drug education  Clear and relevant learning objectives and learning outcomes are set and assessed.  Learning is interactive.  Positive social norms are reinforced.  Resources are appropriate for their audience, providing accurate and relevant information.  Clear strategies are in place to ensure a safe classroom environment.  Approaches are evaluated for effectiveness
    • Staff policies and safeguarding (1)  HR policies are clearly set out and in line with relevant legislation.  Volunteers receive a clear volunteer agreement or role description  Rules regarding the involvement of staff or volunteers with previous or current problems, including drug or alcohol misuse, are clearly set out.  The staff competencies required for successful programme delivery are clearly set out and used as a basis for recruitment and staff development.  Safe recruitment processes for staff and volunteers
    • Staff policies and safeguarding (2)  New staff and volunteers are well supported and monitored.  There is effective support and supervision for all staff and volunteers.  The organisation has a clear policy on safeguarding  As part of the agreement to work with any school there is a clear understanding of the school’s policies on safeguarding, confidentiality and disclosure and other relevant information.  It is clear to schools how they can feed back comments or concerns.
    • Questions for discussion:  Are the standards set at an appropriate level: rigorous enough to enable high quality drug education provision, but still achievable?  Will they be usable in practice? Are the example answers useful? What could be done to make them more user-friendly?