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Cannabis production and markets

Cannabis production and markets



Cannabis production and markets

Cannabis production and markets



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    Cannabis production and markets Cannabis production and markets Presentation Transcript

    • Cannabis production and markets Data on the UK
    • • The following presentation is taken from the EMCDDA paper “Cannabis production and markets in Europe”• http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/insights/cannabis-market
    • Number of reported seizures ofcannabis plants in Europe in 2009 25,100Half were from the UK
    • 750,000Number of cannabis plantsseized in the UK in 2009
    • Numbers of cannabisplantations seizedThe UnitedKingdom hasexperiencedsteep growth inthe levels ofdomesticproduction ofcannabis.
    • A recent report from the United Kingdomindicates an increase in the number ofcannabis offences related to personal use andcultivation, as well as an increase in thenumbers of cannabis seeds and items ofgrowing equipment being purchased. This maysuggest an increase in non-commercialgrowers in that country (ACPO, 2012).
    • In the study of growers in the UnitedKingdom by Hough et al. (2003), two-thirdsof the sample stated that their motivation tocultivate arose from dissatisfaction withpreviously purchased resin as well asconcerns relating to ‘adulterated’ produce.
    • Growing for ‘need’ or growing for ‘greed’?• A study of UK growers found: – Most grow cannabis primarily for personal use – Most of those who were classified in the ‘commercial’ category are selling surplus cannabis solely to friends – Some growing cannabis specifically to pay for university education or as a means to support themselves while not employed. But...
    • There appears to be a trend among somecommercial cannabis growers towardsoperating multiple small-scale plantationssimultaneously (e.g. plantations ofapproximately 250 plants or fewer) asopposed to one large-scale plantationhousing a large number of plants.
    • Both Sweden and the United Kingdom havenoted that the ‘gardeners’ in the plantations canbe undocumented immigrants, with the UnitedKingdom also observing that there have beenreports of minors being trafficked from othercountries and subsequently being put to work inlarge-scale cannabis plantations
    • Buying from and with friendsA study conducted by Duffy et al. (2008) examinedcannabis supply among 182 young people aged between11 and 19:•Obtaining cannabis more strongly influenced by socialnetworks and friendships than by the illicit drug market•Those who supply don’t see themselves as beinginvolved in cannabis ‘dealing’•70% bought with a friend and described the event as asocial interaction.
    • A majority UK of buyerswould seem to purchase onaverage, up to 4 grams But 2009 survey of 520 cannabis users found 28 % had bought 250 grams or more at some point in the past
    • Price of Cannabis Source: Measuring different aspects of problem drug use: methodological developments, Home Office (2006)
    • Price and Prevalence
    • Trends in last yearprevalence of cannabisuse among youngadults (aged 15 to 34)“It is worth noting theparticular case of theUnited Kingdom, wherein 2010 last yearprevalence of cannabisuse fell below the EUaverage for the first timesince Europeanmonitoring began.”
    • Estimated spend on cannabis in the UK in 2003/04?£1,031,000,000 Of which...£900,800,000 was £130,200,000 wasspent in England and & spent in Scotland andWales Northern Ireland
    • Potency - % THC content