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The Great Transformation.Civic coin design in the 2nd Century BC           Andrew Meadows
Athens (162/1 BC)Obv. Head of Athens in triple crested helmet r.Rev. Owl standing on amphora
Chalcis
EtretriaObv. Bust of Artemis to right wearing a necklace, earring and a chiton, andwith her bow and quiver over her left s...
Thasos   Maroneia
Athens
Chalcis
Eretria
Thasos
Maroneia
Samothrace
OdessusObv. Head of TheosMegasr.Rev. TheosMegas draped standing l., holding bowl and cornucopia
ApolloniaPontica
Cyzicus
Parium
Pergamum(?)Obv. Head of Demeter r.Rev. Kabeiroi standing facing
Abydos
Alexandria Troas
Confederation of Athena IliasObv. Head of Athena helmeted r.Rev. Athena Ilias standing right, holding distaff and filleted...
Tenedos
AegaeObv. Head of Apollo laur. r., bow and quiver over shoulderRev. Zeus standing left, holding eagle and lotus-tipped sce...
Kyme
MyrinaObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Apollo Gryneios standing r., holding branch and phiale; omphalosand amphora at his ...
Mytilene
Klazomenae
Kolophon
LebedosObv. Head of Athena r., wearing crested Attic helmet.Rev. Owl standing facing on club, between two diademed cornuco...
Magnesia
Miletus
Priene
SmyrnaObv. Head of the Amazon Smyrna(?)Rev. Ethnic with wreath
Teos
Samos
Alabanda (as Antioch)Obv. Head of Apollo Isotimoslaur. l.Rev. Pegasus r.
Cnidus
HerakleiaLatmosObv. Head of Athena r. in triple-crested helmetRev. Club
MyndosObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Winged fulmen
Kos
SardisObv. Head of Herakles in lion-scalp r.Rev. Zeus Lydios standing l. holding eagle(?) and sceptre
Phaselis
PergeObv. Head of Artemis r.Rev. Artemis standing l. with stag.
CnidusObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Artemis Hyakinthotrophosl.
CnidusObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Artemis Hyakinthotrophosl.
The Epiphany of Artemis      HyakinthotrophosKnidos shows:καὶπά]|[ζα]νζποςδὰνκαὶθιλοηιμίανποιοςμένοςπεπὶ[ηᾶρἐπαςξή]|[ζιο]ρ...
Magnesia
ColophonObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Apollo Klarios standing r. holding filleted branch, right hand placedon lyre
Epiphany of Apollo Klarios                 [- - - - - - - - -]       π[- - -]                 [- - - - - - - - - - - - - -...
Pergamum
Clazomenae
ThasosObv. Head of Dionysus r.Rev. Herakles standing l. holding club
MaroneiaObv. Head of Dionysus r.Rev. Dionysus standing l. holding grapes and nathex stalks
PariumObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Apollo Aktaios standing l., holding bow in l. and laurel branch in r,
Alexandria TroasObv. Head of Apollo l.Rev. Apollo Smintheus standing r. holding bow and bowl.
Confederation of Athena IliasObv. Head of Athena helmeted r.Rev. Athena Ilias standing right, holding distaff and filleted...
SamosObv. Head of Zeus laur. r.Rev. Cult statue of Hera facing.
MytileneObv. Head of Zeus Ammonlaur. r. with ram’s horn.Rev. Cult statue of bearded Dionysos facing, wearing a polos
ApolloniaPonticaObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Apollo standing facing, head left, on low basis, holding laurel branchin ...
ApolloniaPontica      •   Strabo 7.6.1: The greater part of Apollonia          was founded on a certain isle, where there ...
CosObv. Head of Korer.Rev. Asclepius standing r, resting l. on snake-staff
CyzicusObv. Head of KoreSoteira laureate r.Rev. Torch
Cyzicus and the Soteria        ὁθεὸρἔσ[πηζεηάδε·ἐπειδὴ]        ἐπιηεηελέκ[αηεηὰνθςζίανκαὶ]                       [ονηᾶιΚόπ...
Athens (162/1 BC)Obv. Head of Athens in triple crested helmet r.Rev. Owl standing on amphora
“In 167, the Roman Senate rewarded the Athenians withcontrol of Delos, Lemnos, Imbros, and Skyros….Delegations from these ...
Myrina
Ptolemy V Epiphanes
Antiochus IV
Antiochus IV
Antiochus IV
When the people decided to use its ownbronze coinage, both so that the city’s cointype should be used as the current type,...
Eumenes II
SamothraceObv. Head of Athena in Corinthian helmet l.Rev. Cybele seated l. on throne holding phiale and scepter; beneathth...
LampsacusObv. Bearded head of Priaposr. wearing ivy-wreathRev. Apollo Citharoedusr.
Orophernes of Cappadocia (160-156 BC)
PhaselisObv. Head of Apollo laur. l.Rev. Athena standing l., resting l. on spear, extended r. supporting Nikewho holds wre...
PrieneObv. Head of Athena in triple crested helmet r.Rev. Bias of Priene standing facing holding staff; to r., tripod.
CnidusObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Artemis Hyakinthotrophosl.
TenedosObv. Janiform male and female headRev. Axe
KymeObv. Head of the Amazon Kymer., hair bound with taeniaRev. Horse prancing r.; below, one-handled cup
MyndosObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Winged fulmen
Athens typoi
Athens typoi
Athens typoi
Athens typoi
Athens typoi
Athens typoi
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Transcript of "Athens typoi"

  1. 1. The Great Transformation.Civic coin design in the 2nd Century BC Andrew Meadows
  2. 2. Athens (162/1 BC)Obv. Head of Athens in triple crested helmet r.Rev. Owl standing on amphora
  3. 3. Chalcis
  4. 4. EtretriaObv. Bust of Artemis to right wearing a necklace, earring and a chiton, andwith her bow and quiver over her left shoulderRev. Steer standing right, its head, adorned with a taenia, turned towards theviewer; all within laurel wreath
  5. 5. Thasos Maroneia
  6. 6. Athens
  7. 7. Chalcis
  8. 8. Eretria
  9. 9. Thasos
  10. 10. Maroneia
  11. 11. Samothrace
  12. 12. OdessusObv. Head of TheosMegasr.Rev. TheosMegas draped standing l., holding bowl and cornucopia
  13. 13. ApolloniaPontica
  14. 14. Cyzicus
  15. 15. Parium
  16. 16. Pergamum(?)Obv. Head of Demeter r.Rev. Kabeiroi standing facing
  17. 17. Abydos
  18. 18. Alexandria Troas
  19. 19. Confederation of Athena IliasObv. Head of Athena helmeted r.Rev. Athena Ilias standing right, holding distaff and filleted spear; at her feet,owl standing right to right, winged caduceus to left.
  20. 20. Tenedos
  21. 21. AegaeObv. Head of Apollo laur. r., bow and quiver over shoulderRev. Zeus standing left, holding eagle and lotus-tipped sceptre
  22. 22. Kyme
  23. 23. MyrinaObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Apollo Gryneios standing r., holding branch and phiale; omphalosand amphora at his feet
  24. 24. Mytilene
  25. 25. Klazomenae
  26. 26. Kolophon
  27. 27. LebedosObv. Head of Athena r., wearing crested Attic helmet.Rev. Owl standing facing on club, between two diademed cornucopiae
  28. 28. Magnesia
  29. 29. Miletus
  30. 30. Priene
  31. 31. SmyrnaObv. Head of the Amazon Smyrna(?)Rev. Ethnic with wreath
  32. 32. Teos
  33. 33. Samos
  34. 34. Alabanda (as Antioch)Obv. Head of Apollo Isotimoslaur. l.Rev. Pegasus r.
  35. 35. Cnidus
  36. 36. HerakleiaLatmosObv. Head of Athena r. in triple-crested helmetRev. Club
  37. 37. MyndosObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Winged fulmen
  38. 38. Kos
  39. 39. SardisObv. Head of Herakles in lion-scalp r.Rev. Zeus Lydios standing l. holding eagle(?) and sceptre
  40. 40. Phaselis
  41. 41. PergeObv. Head of Artemis r.Rev. Artemis standing l. with stag.
  42. 42. CnidusObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Artemis Hyakinthotrophosl.
  43. 43. CnidusObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Artemis Hyakinthotrophosl.
  44. 44. The Epiphany of Artemis HyakinthotrophosKnidos shows:καὶπά]|[ζα]νζποςδὰνκαὶθιλοηιμίανποιοςμένοςπεπὶ[ηᾶρἐπαςξή]|[ζιο]ρηᾶνηιμᾶνηᾶρἈπηάμιηορηᾶρἹακςνθ[οηπόθος] |[κα]ὶηὰρθςζίαρκαὶἀθικεηείαρκαὶπομπὰρ[ζςνηεηε]|[λε]κόηορδιὰηὰργεγενημέναρὑπ᾽αὐηᾶ[ρἐπιθανεί]|[αρ]καὶδιὰηαῦηαποηαγοπεύζανηοραὐηὰν [θεὸνἘπιθα]|[νῆ]καὶθςζίανκαὶἀγῶναρζςνηελεῖνηᾶιθ[εῶικαηὰπεν]|[ηα]εηηπίδαμοςζικόνηεκαὶγςμνικὸν… SEG 38.812 (A), 4-10Kos recognises: ηάνηεθςζίανκαὶηὸρἀγῶναρηὸρ |ζςνηελεςμένορὑπ᾽αὐηῶνηᾶιἈπηάμιηιηᾶιἹακςνθοηπόθωιθεᾶ[ι]|ἘπιθανεῖἰζοπςθίορSEG 38.812 (B), 15-17
  45. 45. Magnesia
  46. 46. ColophonObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Apollo Klarios standing r. holding filleted branch, right hand placedon lyre
  47. 47. Epiphany of Apollo Klarios [- - - - - - - - -] π[- - -] [- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -]σ. . [- - -] [. . . .] παπαγενόμενοι . . . . .[ππεζ-] 4 βεςηαὶΠοζῆρΕὐπόπος . .[- - - ηό] [- - - -] ηοῦἱεποῦκαὶηὰρἐπιθανείαρ [- - - Ἀ-] [- - - -] 8 [γςμνικόνηε] [ος]ζικὸνἐπὶθςμέλαρ [- - - -] [ αεηηπίδαηῶιθεῶι [- - - - -] [. . . .]επεπὶηᾶρἀζςλία[ρ - - - -] 12 [. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .] ικαὶἐπιζ.[- - - - -] [- - - - - - - - - - - - -] .[- - - - - - - - - - - -] SEG 33.973
  48. 48. Pergamum
  49. 49. Clazomenae
  50. 50. ThasosObv. Head of Dionysus r.Rev. Herakles standing l. holding club
  51. 51. MaroneiaObv. Head of Dionysus r.Rev. Dionysus standing l. holding grapes and nathex stalks
  52. 52. PariumObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Apollo Aktaios standing l., holding bow in l. and laurel branch in r,
  53. 53. Alexandria TroasObv. Head of Apollo l.Rev. Apollo Smintheus standing r. holding bow and bowl.
  54. 54. Confederation of Athena IliasObv. Head of Athena helmeted r.Rev. Athena Ilias standing right, holding distaff and filleted spear; at her feet,owl standing right to right, winged caduceus to left.
  55. 55. SamosObv. Head of Zeus laur. r.Rev. Cult statue of Hera facing.
  56. 56. MytileneObv. Head of Zeus Ammonlaur. r. with ram’s horn.Rev. Cult statue of bearded Dionysos facing, wearing a polos
  57. 57. ApolloniaPonticaObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Apollo standing facing, head left, on low basis, holding laurel branchin r., in which a bird is perched, bow and two arrows in l.
  58. 58. ApolloniaPontica • Strabo 7.6.1: The greater part of Apollonia was founded on a certain isle, where there is a temple of Apollo, from which Marcus Lucullus carried off the colossal statue of Apollo, a work of Calamis, which he set up in the Capitolium. • Pliny 34.18: As to boldness of design, the examples are innumerable; for we see designed, statues of enormous bulk, known as colossal statues and equal to towers in size. Such, for instance, is the Apollo in the Capitol, which was brought by M. Lucullus from Apollonia, a city of Pontus, thirty cubits in height, and which cost five hundred talents
  59. 59. CosObv. Head of Korer.Rev. Asclepius standing r, resting l. on snake-staff
  60. 60. CyzicusObv. Head of KoreSoteira laureate r.Rev. Torch
  61. 61. Cyzicus and the Soteria ὁθεὸρἔσ[πηζεηάδε·ἐπειδὴ] ἐπιηεηελέκ[αηεηὰνθςζίανκαὶ] [ονηᾶιΚόπαι] 4 ηᾶιΣωηείπαικαλῶ[ρκαὶεὐζεβέ]- ωρκαὶεὐηςσῶρ, λώϊον [ἐζζεῖηαι] [ηεζ]- ζινἐρἀνθπώποςρἱεπὰνηὰνπ[ό]- 8 λινοὖζανκαηὰηοὺρσπ[η]ζμοὺρ καὶηὰνθςζίανηᾶρ θεᾶρ. (SEG 28.670) For Rhodes see SGDI 3752
  62. 62. Athens (162/1 BC)Obv. Head of Athens in triple crested helmet r.Rev. Owl standing on amphora
  63. 63. “In 167, the Roman Senate rewarded the Athenians withcontrol of Delos, Lemnos, Imbros, and Skyros….Delegations from these four islands very probably tookpart in the succeeding Great Panathenaia in 166/5. Theimportance of the celebration and its clear associationwith the identity of the city may be seen in theintroduction at just this time of Athenian new-stylecoinage which, on the reverse, showed an owl standingon a horizontal Panathenaic amphora and surrounded byan olive crown. Although this new type may beconnected with the political events of the 160’s, it couldequally have been intended to celebrate the 400thanniversary of the Great Panathenaia and it emphasizedthe close connection between the city, the goddess, andthe festival” (Shear, p. 615).
  64. 64. Myrina
  65. 65. Ptolemy V Epiphanes
  66. 66. Antiochus IV
  67. 67. Antiochus IV
  68. 68. Antiochus IV
  69. 69. When the people decided to use its ownbronze coinage, both so that the city’s cointype should be used as the current type, andso that the people should receive the profitfrom this revenue, and chose men who wouldsafeguard this trust piously and justly, Menaswas appointed and, together with hiscolleague, showed the appropriate care. As aresult, through the justice and pride of thesemen, the people uses its own coinage.’ (GIBM1000; IGSK Sestos1, ll. 43-49)
  70. 70. Eumenes II
  71. 71. SamothraceObv. Head of Athena in Corinthian helmet l.Rev. Cybele seated l. on throne holding phiale and scepter; beneaththrone, seated lion.
  72. 72. LampsacusObv. Bearded head of Priaposr. wearing ivy-wreathRev. Apollo Citharoedusr.
  73. 73. Orophernes of Cappadocia (160-156 BC)
  74. 74. PhaselisObv. Head of Apollo laur. l.Rev. Athena standing l., resting l. on spear, extended r. supporting Nikewho holds wreath in r. and stylis in l.
  75. 75. PrieneObv. Head of Athena in triple crested helmet r.Rev. Bias of Priene standing facing holding staff; to r., tripod.
  76. 76. CnidusObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Artemis Hyakinthotrophosl.
  77. 77. TenedosObv. Janiform male and female headRev. Axe
  78. 78. KymeObv. Head of the Amazon Kymer., hair bound with taeniaRev. Horse prancing r.; below, one-handled cup
  79. 79. MyndosObv. Head of Apollo laur. r.Rev. Winged fulmen

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