• Save
Irish Potato Famine
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Irish Potato Famine

on

  • 2,483 views

A presentation prepared for a English class related to the British Rule.

A presentation prepared for a English class related to the British Rule.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,483
Views on SlideShare
2,483
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Irish Potato Famine Irish Potato Famine Presentation Transcript

  • Irish Potato Famine 1845 - 1851
  • Gustave de Beaumont
  • Prior to the Famine
    • 80% of Ireland was Catholic
    • Many were tenant farmers w/ less than 10 acres
    • No cause evictions could occur
    • Ireland was among the poorest
  • Prior to the Famine (cont.)
    • 1171 England began political involvement in Ireland’s affairs
    • 1361 Barred pure-blooded from holding positions of power
    • 1366 Banned Irish/English marriages and barred English from speaking Gaelic and following Irish customs.
  • 1562 Elizabethan Wars
    • The English did two things during this “war”.
    • 1.) Hunted down and killed all Irish found
    • 2.) Decimated anything that could be used towards human sustenance
  • Prior to the Famine (cont.)
    • 1603 James I ascends the throne and enforces English law
    • 1608 English seized 4 million acres of the Irish land
    • 1649 English took more land and turned it over to Englishmen
    • 1665 – 1702 England passed more penal laws
  • Catholic Land Ownership
    • 1688 – 22% of land held
    • 1695 – 14% is held
    • 1714 – 7% owned
    • 1778 – 5% is all they have left
  • A New Food
    • 1570 – Sir Walter Raleigh brought them from South America
    • Damp climate was good for growth
    • Became a staple food; especially among the poor
    • 1840 – 1/3 of Irish were dependant
  • The Potato Famine Begins
    • NOTE: there are no accurate statistics available
    • Estimate #1: at 1 million people died
    • Estimate #2: 1 to 2 million people emigrated to U.S., Canada, and England
  • Phytophthora infestans
    • 1845 to 1851
    • Wind carried from England
    • 1 plant can infect 1000s in days
    • Leaves would turn black and curl up
    • Potatoes rot in only days
  • England’s Help
    • Provided corn meal
    • Corn meal lacked Vitamin C
    • This caused a scurvy outbreak
  • More than Starvation…
    • Typhus/typhoid fever or “black fever”
    • Dysentery
    • Cholera
    • Relapsing fever
    • Famine dropsy
    • Hunger Edema
  • James Cork
    • Lived in Cork, Ireland
    • 1847 – toured Ireland
    • Illustrated London News wanted to make British aware of Ireland’s situation
  • United States Navy
    • 1847
    • USS Jamestown & USS Macedonian
    • Food donations from Americans
    • Because U.S. ignored British government
  • James Donnelly
    • Prohibit the export of grain
    • Continued the soup kitchens longer
    • Paid better wages in the workhouses
    • Poor-law should have been less restrictive
    • Blocked mass evictions
    • Willingly treated the famine crisis as a responsibility
  • Reasons not to help…
    • England’s economic doctrine (Laissez – Faire)
    • The Protestant belief in divine Providence
    • The prejudice against the Catholic Irish
  • Three Final Interesting Facts
    • The British press portrayed the Irish as freeloaders.
    • Ireland’s population is still only about 60% of what it was prior to the potato famine.
    • This story essentially has all of the feel of British prejudice that every story we have read has.
  • A Few Famine Reminders
  • Websites
    • http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=2030&chapter=144909&layout=html&Itemid=27
    • http://www.southern-style.com/IrishScottishTimelineofHistory.htm
    • http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761581284/Irish_Potato_Famine.html
    • http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/famine/index.html
  • Websites (cont.)
    • http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/pfirishfamine.htm
    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/famine_print.html
    • http://www.history.navy.mil/library/online/potato_famine.htm
    • http://www.irishpotatofamine.org/flash.html