Please write the subject pronouns in Spanish in your notebook.
= I = you he/she/it = = we they you (plural) = =
Subject Pronouns Review These are the subject pronouns in Spanish. yo = I tú/usted = you he/she/it = = we they you (plural) = = él/ella nosotros ustedes ellos
In this lesson you will learn to… • describe yourself • describe other people And you will use… • ser with adjectives • gender/number and adjective agreement • negations • question formation • descriptive vocabulary Objectives
Conjugations for the verb “Ser” yo tú/usted él/ella nosotros ustedes ellos = = = = = = soy eres es somos son son
You can describe a person using the verb ser followed by an adjective. Enrique es gracioso . Enrique is funny . Nosotros somos inteligentes . We are intelligent . Ser with Adjectives
Gender and Adjective Agreement
* Nouns and pronouns that refer to men usually end in -o.
and nouns that refer to women and girls usually end in -a.
Masculine: Alejandro es alto. Feminine: Adriana es alta.
Adjectives that end in -e and most adjectives that end in a consonant have the same masculine and feminine forms.
Él es intelectual/inteligente. Ella es intelectual/inteligente.
* Exceptions: Adjectives that end in -or and adjectives of nationality that end in a consonant form the feminine by adding an -a.
Él es trabajador. Ella es trabajadora.
Singular adjectives describe one person. Plural adjectives describe more than one.
If the singular form ends in a vowel, add -s to make it plural.
alto – altos
• If the singular form ends in a consonant, add -es to make it plural.
intelectual - intelectuales
• Describe mixed groups with masculine plural forms.
Pablo y Sarita son cómicos.
Number and Adjective Agreement
To ask for more information, use the following question formats. Note that “¿Cómo?” has an accent. ¿Cómo eres? - What are you like? ¿Cómo es...? - What’s . . . like? ¿Eres...? - Are you . . .? Question formation- ¿Cómo eres?
To ask questions that may have yes or no answers, raise the pitch of your voice at the end of the sentence. The subject can go before or after the verb. ¿Tu amigo es gracioso ?➚ Is your friend funny ? ¿ Es gracioso tu amigo?➚ Is your friend funny ? Yes and No questions
To say what someone is not like, put “ no ” in front of the verb. But the word “no” is used twice when negating something . Sí, mi amigo es gracioso . Yes, my friend is funny . No, no es gracioso . No, he is not funny . Negation: no