CHARLES CHAPLIN16 April, 1889 – 25 December, 1977
Date of Birth: 16 April, 1889 – Walworth, London, England, UKDate of Death: 25 December, 1977 – Vevey, Switzerland (natural causes)Birth Name: Charles Spencer ChaplinNickname: Charlie, Charlot, The Little TrampTrade Mark: A tramp with toothbrush mustache, undersized bowler hat and bamboo cane who struggled to survivewhile keeping his dignity in a world witgreat social injustice. Highly descriptive facial expressions. Stories often reflect his liberal political beliefs.Height: 5’ 5’’ (1.65 m)Spouce: Oona Chaplin (16 June 1943 – 25 December 1977) his death - 8 children Paulette Goddard (1 June 1936 – 4 June 1942) divorced Lita Grey (26 November 1924 – 25 August 1927) divorced - 2 children Mildred Harris (23 October 1918 – 4 April 1921) divorced - 1 child
SHORT BIOGRAPHYCharlie Chaplin, considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, lived aninteresting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent filmera, often associated with his popular "Little Tramp" character; the man with the toothbrush mustache, bowlerhat, bamboo cane, and a funny walk.Charles Spencer Chaplin was born in Walworth, London, England on April 26th, 1889 to Charles and Hannah(Hill) Chaplin, both music hall performers, who were married on June 22nd, 1885. After Charles Sr. separatedfrom Hannah to perform in New York City, Hannah then tried to resurrect her stage career. Unfortunately,her singing voice had a tendency to break at unexpected moments. When this happened, the stage managerspotted young Charlie standing in the wings and led him on stage, where five-year-old Charlie began to sing apopular tune. Charlie and his half-brother, Syd Chaplin, spent their lives in and out of charity homes andworkhouses between their mother’s bouts of insanity. Hannah was committed to Cane Hill Asylum in May of1903 and lived there until 1921, when Chaplin moved her to California.Chaplin began his official acting career at the age of eight, touring with The Eight Lancashire Lads. At 18 hebegan touring with Fred Karno’s vaudeville troupe, joining them on the troupe’s 1910 US tour. He traveledwest to California in December 1913 and signed on with Keystone Studios popular comedy director MarkSennett, who had seen Chaplin perform on stage in New York. Charlie soon wrote his brother Syd, asking himto become his manager. While at Keystone, Chaplin appeared in and directed 35 films, starring as the LittleTramp in nearly all.
In November 1914, he left Keystone and signed on at Essanay, where he made 15 films. In 1916, he signed onat Mutual and made 12 films. In June 1917, Chaplin signed up with First National Studios, after which he builtChaplin Studios. In 1919, he and Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford and D.W. Griffith formed United Artists(UA).Chaplins life and career was full of scandal and controversy. His first big scandal was during World War I,during which time his loyalty to England, his home country, was questioned. He had never applied for UScitizenship, but claimed that he was a "paying visitor" to the United States. Many British citizens calledChaplin a coward and a slacker. This and his other career eccentricities sparked suspicion with FBI chief J.Edgar Hoover and the House Un-American Activities Council (HUAC), who believed that he was injectingCommunist propaganda into his films.Chaplin’s later film The Great Dictator (1940), which was his first “talkie”, also created a stir. In the film,Chaplin plays a humorous caricature of Adolf Hitler. Some thought the film was poorly done and in bad taste.However, it grossed over $5 million and earned five Academy Award Nominations.Another scandal occurred when Chaplin briefly dated 22-year-old Joan Barry. However, Chaplin’s relationshipwith Barry came to an end in 1942, after a series of harassing actions from her. In May of 1943 Barryreturned to inform Chaplin was not the father, but at the time blood tests were inadmissible evidence and hewas ordered to pay $75 a week until the child turned 21.
Chaplin was also scrutinized for his support in aiding the Russian struggle against the invading Nazis duringWorld War II, and the U.S. government questioned his moral and political views, suspecting him of havingCommunist ties. For this reason HUAC subpoenaed him in 1947. However, HUAC finally decided that it wasno longer necessary for him to appear for testimony. Conversely, when Chaplin and his family traveled toLondon for the premier of Limelight (1952), he was denied re-entry to the United States. In reality, thegovernment had almost no evidence to prove that he was a threat to national security. He and his wifedecided, instead, to settle in Switzerland.Chaplin was married four times and had a total of 11 children. In 1918, he wed Mildred Harris, they had a sontogether, Norman Spencer Chaplin, who only lived three days. Chaplin and Mildred were divorced in 1920. Hemarried Lita Grey in 1924, who had two sons, Charles Chaplin Jr. and Sydney Chaplin. They were divorced in1927. In 1936, Chaplin married Paulette Goddard and his final marriage was to Oona O’Neill (Oona Chaplin),daughter of playwright Eugene O’Neill in 1943. Oona gave birth to eight children: Geraldine Chaplin, MichaelChaplin, Josephine Chaplin, Victoria Chaplin, Eugene, Jane, Annette -Emilie and Christopher Chaplin.In contrast to many of his boisterous characters, Chaplin was a quiet man who kept to himself a lot. He alsohad an "un-millionaire" way of living. Even after he had accumulated millions, he continued to live in shabbyaccommodations.
In 1921, Chaplin was decorated by the French government for his outstanding work as a filmmaker, and waselevated to the rank of Officer of the Legion of Honor in 1952. In 1972, he was honored with an AcademyAward for his "incalculable effect in making motion pictures the art form of the century.” He was awardedKnight Bachelor of the Order of the British Empire in the 1975 Queens Honours List for his services toentertainment.Chaplins other works included musical scores he composed for many of his films. He also authored twoautobiographical books, "My Autobiography" in 1964 and its companion volume, "My Life in Pictures" in1974.Chaplin died of natural causes on December 25, 1977 at his home in Switzerland. In 1978, Chaplins corpsewas stolen from its grave and was not recovered for three months; he was re -buried in a vault surrounded bycement.Charlie Chaplin was considered one of the greatest filmmakers in the history of American cinema, whosemovies were and still are popular throughout the world, and have even gained notoriety as time progresses.His films show, through the Little Tramps positive outlook on life in a world full of chaos, that the humanspirit has and always will remain the same.
DIRECTOR 73 FILMSA Countess from Hong Kong The Idle Class The Pawnshop The Chaplin Revue The Kid The Count A King in New York A Day’s Pleasure One A.M. Limelight Sunnyside The Vagabond Monsieur Verdoux The Professor The Fireman The Great Dictator Shoulder Arms The Floorwalker Charlie Chaplin Carnival The Bond Burlesque on Carmen Charlie Chaplin Cavalcade Triple Trouble PoliceThe Charlie Chaplin Festival A Dog’s Life A Burlesque on Carmen Modern Times Chase Me Charlie A Night in the Show City Lights How to Make Movies Shanghaied The Circus The Adventurer The Bank The Gold Rush The Immigrant A Woman A Woman in Paris The Cure Work The Pilgrim Easy Street Pay Day The Rink Nice and Friendly Behind the Screen
By the Sea Those Love Pangs The Tramp The New JanitorA Jitney Elopement The Rounders In the Park His New Profession The Champion The Masquerader A Night Out Recreation His New Job The Face on the Bar Room FloorHis Prehistoric Past The Property Man Getting Acquainted Laughing Gas His Trysting Place Mabel’s Married Life His Musical Career Caught in the RainGentlemen of Nerve Twenty Minutes of LoveDough and Dynamite